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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in each of the following questions.
Câu 1: Thanh: “Lan’s the best singer in our school.”Nadia: “______”
Câu 2: You can use my car ______ you drive carefully.
Câu 3: His honesty is ______; nobody can doubt it.
Câu 4: In our hospital, patients ______ every morning.
Câu 5: The Moon is much closer to Earth ______, and thus it had greater influence on the tides.
Câu 6: Connecticut was the fifth of the original thirteen states ______ the Constitution of the United States.
Câu 7: I'll give this dictionary to ______ wants to have it.
Câu 8: No one can avoid ______ by advertisements.
Câu 9: He wasn't attending the lecture properly and missed most of ______.
Câu 10: It is ______ work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it.
Câu 11: The children ran away as if they ______ a ghost.
Câu 12: I would join that running competition ______.
Câu 13: We decided to take a late flight ______ we could spend more time with our family.
Câu 14: He's sometimes bad-tempered but he's a good fellow ______.
Câu 15: Scarcely had he stepped out of the room ______ he heard a loud laughter within.
Câu 16: “What ______ if the earth stopped moving?”
Câu 17: Mai: “Do you want another serving of chicken soup?”Scott: “______.”
Câu 18: We expressed ______ the missing child would be found alive.
Câu 19: A large number of workmen ______ because of the economic recession.
Câu 20: Her mother, ______ has been working for thirty years, is retiring next month.
Câu 21: My brother tried to learn Japanese at a night school, ______ he gave up after 2 months.
Câu 22: Having traveled to different parts of our country, ______.
Câu 23: The government was finally ______ by a minor scandal.
Câu 24: The water supply of our home city has failed to ______ average purity requirements.
Câu 25: Books and magazines ______ around made his room very untidy.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions.
Câu 26: Peter’s main subject at university is electronics.
Câu 27: I wish I hadn’t accepted the invitation to her birthday party.
Câu 28: No one but Jane succeeded in giving the correct answer.
Câu 29: Thanks to the efforts of environmentalists, people are becoming better aware of the problems of endangered species.
Câu 30: I could not get the job because I did not speak English well.
Câu 31: Although the teacher explained the theory clearly, the students found it hard to understand it.
Câu 32: “How brave you are!” he said to the firemen.
Câu 33: I would have worn the right shoes if I had known I was going to do all this climbing.
Câu 34: The man in that painting reminds me of my uncle.
Câu 35: A small hotel was the only choice of place to stay at during my trip to London.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 36 to 45.
In a world where 2 billion people live in homes that don't have light bulbs, technology holds the key (36)______ banishing poverty. Even the simplest technologies can transform lives and save money. Vaccines, crops, computers and sources of solar energy can all reduce poverty in developing countries. For example, cheap oral-rehydration therapy developed in Bangladesh has dramatically cut the death (37)______ from childhood diarrhoea.But even when such technologies exist, the depressing fact is that we can’t make them (38)______ for those who most need them. Solar panels, batteries and light bulbs are still beyond the purse of many, but where they have been installed they change lives. A decent light in the evening gives children more time for homework and extends the productive day for adults.Kenya has a thriving solar industry and six years ago Kenyan pioneers also (39)______ connecting schools to the Internet via radio links. These people were fortunate (40)______ being able to afford solar panels, radios and old computers. How much bigger would the impact be if these things (41)______ and priced specifically for poor people?Multinationals must become part of the solution, because (42)______ they own around 60 per cent of the world's technology, they seldom make products for poor customers. Of 1,223 new drugs marketed worldwide from 1975 to 1996, for example, just 13 were for tropical diseases.People think those enterprises should do more to provide vital products such as medicines (43)______ different prices around the world to suit (44)______ people can afford. Alternatively, they could pay a percentage of their profit towards research and development for (45)______.
Adapted from “The Price is Wrong” in “Focus on IELTS Foundations” by Sue O’Connell, Pearson Longman, 2006
Câu 36: ___________(36)
Câu 37: __________(37)
Câu 38: __________(38)
Câu 39: __________(39)
Câu 40: ____________(40)
Câu 41: ___________(41)
Câu 42: __________(42)
Câu 43: __________(43)
Câu 44: ___________(44)
Câu 45: _____________(45)
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 46 to 55.
Archimedes' Principle is a law of physics that states that when an object is totally or partially immersed in a fluid, it experiences an upthrust equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. The principle is most frequently applied to the behaviour of objects in water, and helps to explain floating and sinking, and why objects seem lighter in water. It also applies to balloons.
The key word in the principle is “upthrust”, which refers to the force acting upward to reduce the apparent weight of the object when it is under water. If, for example, a metal block with a volume of 100 cm3 is dipped in water, it displaces an equal volume of water, which has a weight of approximately 1 N (3.5 oz). The block therefore seems to weigh about 1 N less.
An object will float if its average density is less than that of water. If it is totally submerged, the weight of the water it displaces (and hence the upthrust on it) is greater than its own weight, and it is forced upward and out of the water, until the weight of the water displaced by the submerged part is exactly equal to the weight of the floating object. Thus a block of wood with a density six tenths that of water will float with six tenths of its volume under water, since at that point the weight of fluid displaced is the same as the block’s own weight. If a dense material is made into a suitable shape, it will float because of Archimedes’ principle. A ship floats, whereas a block of iron of the same mass sinks.
It is also because of Archimedes’ principle that ships float lower in the water when they are heavily loaded (more water must be displaced to give the necessary upthrust). In addition, they cannot be so heavily loaded if they are to sail in fresh water as they can if they are to sail in the sea, since fresh water is less dense than sea water, and so more water must be displaced to give the necessary upthrust. This means the ship is lower in the water, which can be dangerous in rough weather.
From "Archimedes' Principle", Microsoft® Student 2008 [DVD]. Microsoft Corporation, 2007.
Câu 46: What happens when something is immersed in a fluid?
Câu 47: The word “volume” in the passage refers to ______.
Câu 48: The word “displaces” in the passage almost means “______”.
Câu 49: If an object’s average density is less than that of water, the object will ______.
Câu 50: A block of wood with a density seven tenths that of water will ______.
Câu 51: A ship floats, whereas a block of iron of the same mass sinks because the ship ______.
Câu 52: The phrase “six tenths” in the passage means “______”.
Câu 53: The word “upthrust” in the passage refers to the ______.
Câu 54: Ships cannot be so heavily loaded if they want to sail in fresh water as they sail in the sea, because ______.
Câu 55: Archimedes' Principle explains why ______.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 56: We are now a 24/7 society where shops and services must be available all hours.
Câu 57: A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduces our motivation to work.
Câu 58: We'd better speed up if we want to get there in time.
Câu 59: She is a very generous old woman. She has given most of her wealth to a charity organization.
Câu 60: Her thoughtless comments made him very angry.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 61 to 70.
In 1826, a Frenchman named Niépce needed pictures for his business. He was not a good artist, so he invented a very simple camera. He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his yard. That was the first photograph.
The next important date in the history of photography was 1837. That year, Daguerre, another Frenchman, took a picture of his studio. He used a new kind of camera and a different process. In his pictures, you could see everything clearly, even the smallest details. This kind of photograph was called a daguerreotype.
Soon, other people began to use Daguerre's process. Travelers brought back daguerreotypes from all around the world. People photographed famous buildings, cities, and mountains.
In about 1840, the process was improved. Then photographers could take pictures of people and moving things. The process was not simple and photographers had to carry lots of film and processing equipment. However, this did not stop photographers, especially in the United States. After 1840, daguerreotype artists were popular in most cities.
Matthew Brady was one well-known American photographer. He took many portraits of famous people. The portraits were unusual because they were lifelike and full of personality. Brady was also the first person to take pictures of a war. His 1862 Civil War pictures showed dead soldiers and ruined cities. They made the war seem more real and more terrible.
In the 1880s, new inventions began to change photography. Photographers could buy film ready-made in rolls, instead of having to make the film themselves. Also, they did not have to process the film immediately. They could bring it back to their studios and develop it later. They did not have to carry lots of equipment. And finally, the invention of the small handheld camera made photography less expensive.
With a small camera, anyone could be a photographer. People began to use cameras just for fun. They took pictures of their families, friends, and favorite places. They called these pictures "snapshots".
Documentary photographs became popular in newspapers in the 1890s. Soon magazines and books also used them. These pictures showed true events and people. They were much more real than drawings.
Some people began to think of photography as a form of art. They thought that photography could do more than show the real world. It could also show ideas and feelings, like other art forms.
From “Reading Power” by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries
Câu 61: The first photograph was taken with ______.
Câu 62: Daguerre took a picture of his studio with ______.
Câu 63: The word “this” in the passage refers to the ______.
Câu 64: The word “ruined” in the passage is closest in meaning to “______”.
Câu 65: The word “lifelike” in the passage is closest in meaning to “______”.
Câu 66: The latest invention mentioned in the passage is the invention of ______.
Câu 67: The word “handheld” in the passage is closest in meaning to “______”.
Câu 68: Matthew Brady was well-known for ______.
Câu 69: As mentioned in the passage, photography can ______.
Câu 70: Which of the following could best serve as the title of the passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 76: I like the fresh air and green trees of the village which I spent my vacation last year.
Câu 77: Some people often say that using cars is not as convenient than using motorbikes.
Câu 78: It was not until the end of prehistoric times that the first wheeled vehicles appearing.
Câu 79: In the early 1900's, Pennsylvania's industries grew rapidly, a growth sometimes accompanied by disputes labor.
Câu 80: Looking from afar, the village resembles a small green spot dotted with tiny fireballs