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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 1: His new work has enjoyed a very good review from critics and readers.
Câu 2: Such problems as haste and inexperience are a universal feature of youth.
Câu 3: We have lived there for years and grown fond of the surroundings. That is why we do not want to leave.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Câu 4: Smoking is an extremely harmful habit. You should give it up immediately.
Câu 5: His academic record at high school was poor. He failed to apply to that prestigious institution.
Câu 6: He cannot lend me the book now. He has not finished reading it yet.
Câu 7: He behaved in a very strange way. That surprised me a lot.
Câu 8: Crazianna is a big country. Unfortunately, it has never received respect from its neighbours.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 14: A professor of economy and history at our university developed a new theory ofthe relationship between historical events and financial crises.
Câu 15: During our tour of the refinery, it was seen that both propane and gasolinewere produced in large volumes.
Câu 16: Publishing in the UK, the book has won a number of awards in recent regional book fairs.
Câu 17: Hardly did he enter the room when all the lights went out.
Câu 18: The first important requirements for you to become a mountain climber are yourstrong passion and you have good health.
Read the following passage adapted from Understanding Rural America - Info USA and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 19 to 28.
The well-being of America's rural people and places depends upon many things - the availability of good-paying jobs; (19)______ to critical services such as education, health care, and communication; strong communities; and a healthy natural environment. And, (20)______ urban America is equally dependent upon these things, the challenges to well-being look very different in rural areas than in urban areas. Small-scale, low-density settlement (21)______ make it more costly for communities and businesses to provide critical services. Declining jobs and income in the natural resource-based industries that many rural areas depend on (22)______ workers in those industries to find new ways to make a living. Low-skill, low-wage rural manufacturing industries must find new ways to challenge the increasing number of (23)______ competitors. Distance and remoteness impede many rural areas from being connected to the urban centers of economic activity. Finally, changes in the availability and use of natural resources located in rural areas (24)______ the people who earn a living from those resources and those who (25)______ recreational and other benefits from them.
Some rural areas have met these challenges successfully, achieved some level of prosperity, and are ready (26)______ the challenges of the future. Others have neither met the current challenges nor positioned themselves for the future. Thus, concern for rural America is real. And, while rural America is a producer of critical goods and services, the (27)______ goes beyond economics. Rural America is also home to a fifth of the Nation's people, keeper of natural amenities and national treasures, and safeguard of a/an (28)______ part of American culture, tradition, and history.
Câu 19: _______(19)
Câu 20: _________(20)
Câu 21: __________(21)
Câu 22: _________(22)
Câu 23: __________(23)
Câu 24: ___________(24)
Câu 25: ____________(25)
Câu 26: __________(26)
Câu 27: ____________(27)
Câu 28: ____________(28)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 29: Fruit and vegetables grew in abundance on the island. The islanders even exported the surplus.
Câu 30: There is growing concern about the way man has destroyed the environment.
Read the following passage adapted from A. Briggs’ article on culture, Microsoft® Student 2008, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 45.
Culture is a word in common use with complex meanings, and is derived, like the term broadcasting, from the treatment and care of the soil and of what grows on it. It is directly related to cultivation and the adjectives cultural and cultured are part of the same verbal complex. A person of culture has identifiable attributes, among them a knowledge of and interest in the arts, literature, and music. Yet the word culture does not refer solely to such knowledge and interest nor, indeed, to education. At least from the 19th century onwards, under the influence of anthropologists and sociologists, the word culture has come to be used generally both in the singular and the plural (cultures) to refer to a whole way of life of people, including their customs, laws, conventions, and values.
Distinctions have consequently been drawn between primitive and advanced culture and cultures, between elite and popular culture, between popular and mass culture, and most recently between national and global cultures. Distinctions have been drawn too between culture and civilization; the latter is a word derived not, like culture or agriculture, from the soil, but from the city. The two words are sometimes treated as synonymous. Yet this is misleading. While civilization and barbarism are pitted against each other in what seems to be a perpetual behavioural pattern, the use of the word culture has been strongly influenced by conceptions of evolution in the 19th century and of development in the 20th century. Cultures evolve or develop. They are not static. They have twists and turns. Styles change. So do fashions. There are cultural processes. What, for example, the word cultured means has changed substantially since the study of classical (that is, Greek and Roman) literature, philosophy, and history ceased in the 20th century to be central to school and university education. No single alternative focus emerged, although with computers has come electronic culture, affecting kinds of study, and most recently digital culture. As cultures express themselves in new forms not everything gets better or more civilized.
The multiplicity of meanings attached to the word made and will make it difficult to define. There is no single, unproblematic definition, although many attempts have been made to establish one. The only non-problematic definitions go back to agricultural meaning (for example, cereal culture or strawberry culture) and medical meaning (for example, bacterial culture or penicillin culture). Since in anthropology and sociology we also acknowledge culture clashes, culture shock, and counter-culture, the range of reference is extremely wide.
Câu 31: According to the passage, the word culture ______.
Câu 32: It is stated in paragraph 1 that a cultured person ______.
Câu 33: The author remarks that culture and civilization are the two words that ______.
Câu 34: It can be inferred from the passage that since the 20th century ______.
Câu 35: The word “attributes” in paragraph 1 most likely means ______.
Câu 36: The word “static” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by “______”.
Câu 37: Which of the following is NOT stated in the passage?
Câu 38: It is difficult to give the definitions of the word culture EXCEPT for its ______.
Câu 39: Which of the following is NOT true about the word culture?
Câu 40: The passage mainly discusses ______.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 41: Our boss would rather ______ during the working hours.
Câu 42: Joan: “Our friends are coming. ______, Mike? ”Mike: “I’m sorry, but I can’t do it now.”
Câu 43: “You ______ have cooked so many dishes. There are only three of us for lunch.”
Câu 44: Harry: “Are you ready, Kate? There’s not much time left.”Kate: “Yes, just a minute. ______!”
Câu 45: “Why don’t you sit down and ______?”
Câu 46: “You’ll recognize Jenny when you see her. She ______ a red hat.”
Câu 47: He never lets anything ______ him and his weekend fishing trip.
Câu 48: The Second World War ______ in 1939.
Câu 49: The instructor blew his whistle and ______.
Câu 50: Sue: “Can you help me with my essay?”Robert: “______”
Câu 51: Before I left for my summer camp, my mother told me to take warm clothes with me ______ it was cold.
Câu 52: “Never be late for an interview, ______ you can’t get the job.”
Câu 53: ______ without animals and plants?
Câu 54: This shirt is ______ that one.
Câu 55: If it ______ for the heavy storm, the accident would not have happened.
Câu 56: “We'd better ______ if we want to get there in time.”
Câu 57: I could not ______ the lecture at all. It was too difficult for me.
Câu 58: The temperature ______ takes place varies widely from material to material.
Câu 59: The sign “NO TRESPASSING” tells you ______.
Câu 60: Alfonso: “I had a really good time. Thanks for the lovely evening.”Maria: “______.”
Câu 61: She built a high wall round her garden ______.
Câu 62: The sky was cloudy and foggy. We went to the beach, ______.
Câu 63: I did not want to believe them, but in fact, ______ was true.
Câu 64: “______ you treat him, he’ll help you. He’s so tolerant.”
Câu 65: The village was ______ visible through the dense fog.
Read the following passage adapted from Cultural Guide - OALD, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 71 to 80.
The issue of equality for women in British society first attracted national attention in the early 20th century, when the suffragettes won for women the right to vote. In the 1960s feminism became the subject of intense debate when the women’s liberation movement encouraged women to reject their traditional supporting role and to demand equal status and equal rights with men in areas such as employment and pay.
Since then, the gender gap between the sexes has been reduced. The Equal Pay Act of 1970, for instance, made it illegal for women to be paid less than men for doing the same work, and in 1975 the Sex Discrimination Act aimed to prevent either sex having an unfair advantage when applying for jobs. In the same year the Equal Opportunities Commission was set up to help people claim their rights to equal treatment and to publish research and statistics to show where improvements in opportunities for women need to be made. Women now have much better employment opportunities, though they still tend to get less well-paid jobs than men, and very few are appointed to top jobs in industry.
In the US the movement that is often called the “first wave of feminism” began in the mid 1800s. Susan B. Anthony worked for the right to vote, Margaret Sanger wanted to provide women with the means of contraception so that they could decide whether or not to have children, and Elizabeth Blackwell, who had to fight for the chance to become a doctor, wanted women to have greater opportunities to study. Many feminists were interested in other social issues.The second wave of feminism began in the 1960s. Women like Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem became associated with the fight to get equal rights and opportunities for women under the law. An important issue was the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which was intended to change the Constitution. Although the ERA was not passed, there was progress in other areas. It became illegal for employers, schools, clubs, etc. to discriminate against women. But women still find it hard to advance beyond a certain point in their careers, the so-called glass ceiling that prevents them from having high-level jobs. Many women also face the problem of the second shift, i.e. the household chores.
In the 1980s, feminism became less popular in the US and there was less interest in solving the remaining problems, such as the fact that most women still earn much less than men. Although there is still discrimination, the principle that it should not exist is widely accepted.
Câu 66: It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that in the 19th century, ______.
Câu 67: The phrase “gender gap” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
Câu 68: Susan B. Anthony, Margaret Sanger, and Elizabeth Blackwell are mentioned as ______.
Câu 69: The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) ______.
Câu 70: In the late 20th century, some information about feminism in Britain was issued by ______.
Câu 71: Which of the following is true according to the passage?
Câu 72: The phrase “glass ceiling” in paragraph 4 mostly means ______.
Câu 73: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
Câu 74: It can be inferred from the passage that ______.
Câu 75: Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?