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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 6: The carefully nurtured gardens with a wide ______ of flowers and fruit trees have added elegance to this place and made it a major tourist attraction.
Câu 7: Visitors to the local museum are mostly attracted by ______ rocking chair.
Câu 8: ______ my mother’s encouragement, I wouldn’t have made such a daring decision.
Câu 9: The cinema is no longer as popular as it was in the 1930's and 1940's, but it is still an important ______ of entertainment.
Câu 10: They got lost in the forest, and ______ made matters worse was that night began to fall.
Câu 11: Students are encouraged to develop critical thinking ______ accepting opinions without questioning them.
Câu 12: The bank has more than 100 branches, ______ in a major urban area.
Câu 13: In my opinion, ______ new technology who will finally decide which ideas take off.
Câu 14: “My secretary will book you an afternoon flight and have you ______ at the airport.”
Câu 15: In the last match, Sabella changed his formation at half-time, introducing Fernando Gago in midfield and Higuain in attack, but in the end it was Messi’s magic that ______ the difference.
Câu 16: We’ve already bought the house but won’t ______ it until May, when the present occupants have moved out.
Câu 17: Jessica looks very tired. She ______ have stayed up late to finish her assignment last night.
Câu 18: ______, she continued to carry out her duties.
Câu 19: Phuong Thao is a student in Ms Lan’s writing class. She is asking for Ms Lan’s comments on her last essay. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Phuong Thao : “You must have found reading my essay very tiring.” Ms Lan: “______. I enjoyed it.”
Câu 20: Carbon dioxide ______ as one of the main contributors to the greenhouse effect.
Câu 21: The young lady sat still in the afternoon breeze, with her hair ______ her back.
Câu 22: China’s placement of its oil rig in Vietnam’s East Sea EEZ has been denounced by ASEAN and Western politicians and professionals as the violation of Vietnam’s ______ waters
Câu 23: Jane had difficulty carrying her suitcase upstairs, and Mike, her friend, offered to help. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Mike: “Need a hand with your suitcase, Jane?” Jane: “______”
Câu 24: We need to talk more about ______ for the summer vacation before July.
Câu 25: In no circumstances ______ on campus.
Câu 26: While I was looking through my old albums the other day, I ______ this photograph of my parents' wedding.
Câu 27: “Take a spare tyre ______ you have a puncture on the way to the beach.”
Câu 28: Minh, a student from Hai Phong , is going to take the college entrance exam in Hanoi next week. His father is seeing him off at the railway station. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Dad: “Good luck with the exam, Minh!” Minh: “______, Dad.”
Câu 29: He applied for a teaching ______ at Bales University with great confidence.
Câu 30: “Could you turn off the stove? The potatoes ______ for at least thirty minutes.”
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 31: Any student who neglects his or her homework is unlikely to do well at school.
Câu 32: We run a very tight ship here, and we expect all our employees to be at their desks by eight o'clock and take good care of their own business.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 33: All of the students (A )in this course will be assessed according to (B )their attendance, performance (C ), and they work hard. (D )
Câu 34: Most of (A )the students are (B )queuing in lines(C) waiting to enter (D )the classroom.
Câu 35: Since (A )January this year (B ), Joe has suffered two injuries (C), one to his ankle and the other in New York. (D )
Câu 36: Women in many parts (A )of the world have had lower status than men, which (B )the extent of the gap between genders(C) varies(D ) across cultures and times.
Câu 37: As seeing (A )from(B ) the mountain top, the area looks like(C ) a picturesque harbor town. (D )
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 41 to 50.
Postsecondary institutions and private schools are corporations under U.S. law. They are approved to operate as non-profit, for-profit, or public corporations (41)______ education and training. Increasingly, state authorities are requiring approved educational providers to apply (42)______ and receive accreditation as a condition of final and continued approval.
As corporate entities, U.S. institutions are internally self-governing and are (43)______ to make property, facilities, equipment, and utilities transactions; make their own personnel decisions; decide whom to admit to study and to graduate; (44)______ their own funds from outside sources; enter into contracts and compete for grants; and do most of the other things that corporations do. Institutions compete (45)______ one another for students, research funding, faculty, and other benefits. Public institutions may compete within the same state or territory for budget appropriations. It is the corporate nature of institutions and the competition within the system that (46)_____ Americans to refer to the concept of the educational or academic marketplace - an important distinctive element of the way U.S. education is organized.
Some institutions are governed (47)______ under multi-campus arrangements. These include most local public schools (governed by school districts) and many state community college and university systems. Whether single- or multi-campus, institutional corporations (48)______ by boards of citizens, both alumni and non-alumni, who are ultimately responsible for all operations. They appoint senior (49)______, such as principals, headmasters, presidents, and deans; and approve the actions taken (50)______ their name.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions.
Câu 48: “Believe me. It’s no use reading that book,” Janet told her boyfriend.
Câu 49: The president placed his car at my disposal as a bonus for my good work.
Câu 50: “Send this urgent document immediately!” the officer told the soldier.
Câu 51: The early failure of the Spanish squad in the 2014 World Cup deeply disappointed their fans.
Câu 52: “Why don't you join us for our next class reunion?” Mary said to me.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 56 to 65.
Centuries ago, man discovered that removing moisture from food helped to preserve it, and that the easiest way to do this was to expose the food to sun and wind. In this way the North American Indians produced pemmican (dried meat ground into powder and made into cakes), the Scandinavians made stock fish and the Arabs dried dates and apricots.
All foods contain water - cabbage and other leaf vegetables contain as much as 93% water, potatoes and other root vegetables 80%, lean meat 75% and fish anything from 80% to 60% depending on how fatty it is. If this water is removed, the activity of the bacteria which cause food to go bad is checked.
Fruit is sun-dried in Asia Minor, Greece, Spain and other Mediterranean countries, and also in California, South Africa and Australia. The methods used vary, but in general the fruit is spread out on trays in drying yards in the hot sun. In order to prevent darkening, pears, peaches and apricots are exposed to the fumes of burning sulphur before drying. Plums for making prunes, and certain varieties of grapes for making raisins and currants, are dipped in an alkaline solution in order to crack the skins of the fruit slightly and remove their wax coating, so increasing the rate of drying.
Nowadays most foods are dried mechanically; the conventional method of such dehydration is to put food in chambers through which hot air is blown at temperatures of about 110°C at entry to about 45°C at exit. This is the usual method for drying such things as vegetables, minced meat, and fish.
Liquids such as milk, coffee, tea, soups and eggs may be dried by pouring them over a heated horizontal steel cylinder or by spraying them into a chamber through which a current of hot air passes. In the first case, the dried material is scraped off the roller as a thin film which is then broken up into small, though still relatively coarse flakes. In the second process it falls to the bottom of the chamber as a fine powder. Where recognizable pieces of meat and vegetables are required, as in soup, the ingredients are dried separately and then mixed.
Dried foods take up less room and weigh less than the same food packed in cans or frozen, and they do not need to be stored in special conditions. For these reasons they are invaluable to climbers, explorers and soldiers
in battle, who have little storage space. They are also popular with housewives because it takes so little time to cook them.
Câu 53: What is the main idea of the passage?
Câu 54: The phrase “do this” in the first paragraph mostly means ______.
Câu 55: The word “checked” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 56: In the process of drying certain kinds of fruits, sulphur fumes help ______.
Câu 57: Nowadays the common method for drying vegetables and minced meat is ______.
Câu 58: What does the word “which” in the fourth paragraph refer to?
Câu 59: The final product of the process of drying liquids that uses the first method will be ______.
Câu 60: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
Câu 61: According to the passage, dried foods are most useful for ______.
Câu 62: This passage is mainly ______.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines the pair of sentences given in each of the following questions.
Câu 63: I do my homework and schoolwork in separate books. I don't get muddled up.
Câu 64: Most scientists know him well. However, very few ordinary people have heard of him.
Câu 65: She wrote the text. She selected the illustration as well.
Câu 66: Nam defeated the former champion in three sets. He finally won the inter-school table tennis championship.
Câu 67: She looked through the hotel advertisements. She stopped only when taking a fancy to one piece.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 71 to 80.
We live in a world of tired, sleep deprived people. In his book Counting Sheep, Paul Martin - a behavioural biologist - describes a society which is just too busy to sleep and which does not give sleeping the importance it deserves.
Modern society has invented reasons not to sleep. We are now a 24/7 society where shops and services must be available all hours. We spend longer hours at work than we used to, and more time getting to work.
Mobile phones and email allow us to stay in touch round the clock and late-night TV and the Internet tempt us away from our beds. When we need more time for work or pleasure, the easy solution is to sleep less. The average adult sleeps only 6.2 hours a night during the week, whereas research shows that most people need eight or even eight and a half hours' sleep to feel at their best. Nowadays, many people have got used to sleeping less than they need and they live in an almost permanent state of 'sleep debt'.
Until the invention of the electric light in 1879 our daily cycle of sleep used to depend on the hours of daylight. People would get up with the sun and go to bed at nightfall. But nowadays our hours of sleep are mainly determined by our working hours (or our social life) and most people are woken up artificially by an alarm clock. During the day caffeine, the world's most popular drug, helps to keep us awake. 75% of the world's population habitually consume caffeine, which up to a point masks the symptoms of sleep deprivation.
What does a chronic lack of sleep do to us? As well as making us irritable and unhappy as humans, it also reduces our motivation and ability to work. This has serious implications for society in general. Doctors, for example, are often chronically sleep deprived, especially when they are on 'night call', and may get less than three hours' sleep. Lack of sleep can seriously impair their mood, judgment, and ability to take decisions. Tired engineers, in the early hours of the morning, made a series of mistakes with catastrophic results. On our roads and motorways lack of sleep kills thousands of people every year. Tests show that a tired driver can be just as dangerous as a drunken driver. However, driving when drunk is against the law but driving when exhausted isn't. As Paul Martin says, it is very ironic that we admire people who function on very little sleep instead of criticizing them for being irresponsible. Our world would be a much safer, happier place if everyone, whatever their job, slept eight hours a night.
Câu 68: According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE about Paul Martin?
Câu 69: The phrase “round the clock” in the second paragraph is similar in meaning to ______.
Câu 70: The writer mentions the Internet in the passage as ______.
Câu 71: According to the third paragraph, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
Câu 72: The word “which” in the third paragraph refers to ______.
Câu 73: Which of the following is TRUE, according to the last paragraph?
Câu 74: The word “catastrophic” in the last paragraph probably means ______.
Câu 75: Which of the following would the writer of the passage approve of?
Câu 76: All of the following are mentioned as those whose performance is affected by ‘sleep debt’ EXCEPT ______.
Câu 77: Which of the following could best serve as the title of the passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 78: Those children who stay longer hours at school than at home tend to spend their formative years in the company of others with similar aims and interests.
Câu 79: Many parents may fail to recognize and respond to their children’s needs until frustration explodes into difficult or uncooperative behavior.
Câu 80: “A friend in need is a friend indeed”: Our friends have voiced their strong criticism of China’s escalation of tension on our continental shelf.