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SECTION A (8 points)
Mark the better A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 6: Changes have been made in our primary schooling program. As a result, young children ________ do homework any more.
Câu 7: ________ the salesman promised to exchange the defective CD player for a new one, they insisted on getting a refund.
Câu 8: Although MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) spreads through close contact with sick people, not through the air, many people still avoid ___________ to crowded places.
Câu 9: Student will not be allowed into the exam room if they __________ their student cards.
Câu 10: A large number of inventions and discoveries have been made _________ accident.
Câu 11: The headmaster has decided that three lecture halls ________ in our school next semester.
Câu 12: The receptionist, _________ answered the phone, told me that the direction was out.
Câu 13: John has finally found a new job after being __________ for three months.
Câu 14: When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favour _________ science fiction.
Câu 15: A molecule of water is _________ of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.
Câu 16: After the new technique had been introduced, the factory produced _______ cars in 2014 as the year before.
Câu 17: It is _______ of businessmen to shake hands in formal meetings.
Câu 18: Nguyen Thi Anh Vien performed so well in the 28th Sea Games women’s 200m butterfly that one of her rivals could ____ her.
Câu 19: Global warming will result ____ crop failures and famine.
Câu 20: Jane really loves the ___ jewelry box that her parents gave her as a birthday present.
Câu 21: Such characters as fairies or witches in Walt Disney animated cartoons are purely ___ .
Câu 22: ___ at school yesterday when we were informed that there was no class due to a sudden power cut.
Câu 23: Mike and Lane are university students. They are talking about Lane’s upcoming high-school reunion . Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Mike: “So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?” Lane: “____”
Câu 24: Ken and Tom are high-school students . They are discussing where their study group will meet. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Ken : “ Where is our study group going to meet next weekend?” Tom : “___”
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 25: “ Don’t be such a pessimist. I’m sure you’ll soon get over it. Cheer up!”
Câu 26: “ Be quick! We must speed up if we don’t want to miss the flight. “
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 27: Since poaching (A) is becoming more seriously (B), the government has imposed stricter laws (C) to prevent it (D).
Câu 28: The number of (A) homeless people in Nepal have (B) increased sharply due to(C) the recent severe earthquake (D).
Câu 29: All the candidates (A) for the scholarship (B) will be equally treated regarding (C) of their age, sex or nationality (D).
Câu 30: Reminding (A) not to miss the 15:20 train (B), the manager set out for (C) the station in a hurry (D).
Câu 31: It is common knowledge (A) that solar heating for a large office (B) building is technically (C) different from a single-family home (D).
Read the following passage and the mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 32 to 41.
Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effects of global warming. Scientists have already observed shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due to warmer temperatures.
With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations. Plants will attempt to shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grow too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in popular and mountaintop regions, are specially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere father north to go.
Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extinction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, may not be able to adjust quickly enough and may disappear.
Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead to the death of the coral. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead to widespread bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of the waters. This acidification further stresses ocean ecosystems.
From “Global Warming” by Michael Mastrandrea and Stephen H.Schneider
Câu 32: Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to __________
Câu 33: According to paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animals tend to move ___________
Câu 34: The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers to ____________
Câu 35: The phrase “dwindling sea ice” in the paragraph 2 refers to _________
Câu 36: It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celsius degree, ________
Câu 37: According to the passage, if some species are not able to adjust quickly to warmer temperatures, __________
Câu 38: The word “fragile” in the paragraph 4 indicates __________
Câu 39: The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates ________
Câu 40: The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by __________
Câu 41: What does the passage mainly discuss?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 42 to 51.
Library is a collection of books and other informational materials made available to people for reading, study, or reference. The word library comes (42)_________ liber, the Latin word for “ book” . (43) _____ , library collections have almost always contained a variety of materials. Contemporary libraries maintain collections that include not only printed materials such as manuscripts, books , newspapers, and magazines, (44)_______ audio-visual and online databases. In addition (45) _____ maintaining collections within library buildings, modern libraries often feature telecommunications links that provide users with access to information at remote sites.
The central mission of a library (46) _______ to collect , organize, preserve, and provide access to knowledge and information. In fulfilling this mission, libraries preserve a valuable record of culture that can be passed down to (47)_______ generations. Libraries are an essential link in this communication between the past , present, and future. Whether the cultural record is contained in books or in electronic formats, libraries ensure (48) ____ the record is preserved and made available for later use.
People use library resources to gain information about personal (49)__ or to obtain recreational materials such as films and novels. Students use libraries to supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, to learn (50)_____ in locating sources of information, and to develop good reading and study habits. Public officials use libraries to research legislation and public policy issues. One of the most valued of all cultural institutions, the library (51) ___ information and services that are essential to learning and progress.
From “ Library ( institution)” by Richard S.Halsey et al.
Câu 42: (42)____________
Câu 43: (43)_____________
Câu 44: (44)_____________
Câu 45: (45)_________
Câu 46: (46)__________
Câu 47: (47)___________
Câu 48: (48)____________
Câu 49: (49)__________
Câu 50: (50)____________
Câu 51: (51)____________
Mark the letter A, B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word (s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word (s) in each of the following questions
Câu 52: When Susan invited us to dinner , she really showed off her culinary talents. She prepared a feast- a huge selection of dishes that were simply mouth- watering.
Câu 53: “ It’s no use talking to me about metaphysics. It’s a closed book to me. “
Câu 54: Suddenly, it began to rain heavily, so all the summer hikers got drenched all over.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population density, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple farming, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can support only small numbers of people because these labor-intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food.
In developed countries such as the United States, Japan , and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantities of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This form of production provides enough food to support the high densities of people in metropolitan areas.
A country‘s level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population density and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world’s highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people Bangladesh engage in low-productivity manual farming, which contributes to the country ‘s extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practice mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living.
At the other end of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practice manual subsitence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology to boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United States has both relatively low population density and high agricultural productivity, it is one of the world ‘s wealthiest nations.
High birth rates contribute to overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets to many poor famillies because they provide labor, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large famillies. Also, the governments of developing countries ofter provide little or no support, financial or political, for familly planning; even people who wish to keep their families small have difficlty doing so. For all these reasons, developing countries tend to have high rates of population growth.
Câu 55: Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1?
Câu 56: What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities?
Câu 57: The phrase “that number” in paragraph 1 refers to the number of _____.
Câu 58: In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because ____:
Câu 59: Bangladesh is a country where the level of poverty depends greatly on ____.
Câu 60: The phrase “ engage in” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
Câu 61: The word “infertile” in paragraph 4 probably means _____.
Câu 62: Which of the following is TRUE , according to the passage?
Câu 63: Which of the following is a contributor to overpopulation in many developing countries?
Câu 64: Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?
SECTION B (2 points)
I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Câu 65: If John does not change his working style, he will be sacked soon. Unless __________________________________
Câu 66: “Would you like to come to my 18th birthday party?” he asked me. He invited ______________________
Câu 67: People believe that this new teaching method is more effective than the old one. This new teaching method ____________________________
Câu 68: He did not realize how difficult the task was until he was halfway through it. Not until ____________________________________
Câu 69: It was wrong of you to leave the class without asking for your teacher ‘s permission. You should not ________________________________
Câu 70: II. In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the benefits of reading books. Write your paragraph on your answer sheet.
The following prompts might be helpful to you.
- Widening knowledge
- Improving language