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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 6: The newscaster gave a concise account of the strategy.
Câu 7: Married couples can get a divorce if they find they are not compatible.
Câu 8: Fruit is customarily treated with sulfur prior to drying to reduce any color change.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 9: As an executive director of a big company, she is a woman of extraordinary intelligence.
Câu 10: She was brought up in a well-off family. She can’t understand the problems we are facing.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions .
Experiments have shown that in selecting personnel for a job, interviewing is at best a hindrance, and may even cause harm. These studies have disclosed that the judgments of interviewers differ markedly and bear little or no relationship to the adequacy of job applicants. Of the many reasons why this should be the case, three in particular stand out. The first reason is related to an error of judgment known as the halo effect. If a person has one noticeable good trait, their other characteristics will be judged as better than they really are. Thus, an individual who dresses smartly and shows self-confidence is likely to be judged capable of doing a job well regardless of his or her real ability.
Interviewers are also prejudiced by an effect called the primacy effect. This error occurs when interpretation of later information is distorted by earlier connected information. Hence, in an interview situation, the interviewer spends most of the interview trying to confirm the impression given by the candidate in the first few moments. Studies have repeatedly demonstrated that such an impression is unrelated to the aptitude of the applicant.
The phenomenon known as the contrast effect also skews the judgment of interviewers. A suitable candidate may be underestimated because he or she contrasts with a previous one who appears exceptionally intelligent. Likewise, an average candidate who is preceded by one who gives a weak showing may be judged as more suitable than he or she really is.
Since interviewers as a form of personnel selection have been shown to be inadequate, other selection procedures have been devised which more accurately predict candidate suitability. Of the various tests devised, the predictor which appears to do this most successfully is cognitive ability as measured by a variety of verbal and spatial tests.
Câu 11: This passage mainly discusses the _______ .
Câu 12: The word ‘hindrance’ is closest meaning to _______ .
Câu 13: The word ’they’ refers to _______ .
Câu 14: According to the passage, the halo effect _______ .
Câu 15: According to the passage, the first impression _______ .
Câu 16: The word ‘skews’ is similar to _______.
Câu 17: The word ‘this’ refers to_______ .
Câu 18: The author mentions all of the following reasons why interviewing is not an accurate way to predict candidate suitability EXCEPT the _________ .
Câu 19: The paragraphs following the passage most likely discuss which of the following?
Câu 20: Where in the passage does the author discuss the effect of comparing two candidates?
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
All mammals feed their young. Beluga whale mothers, for example, nurse their calves for some twenty months, until they are about to give birth again and their young are able to find their own food. The behavior of feeding of the young is built into the reproductive system. It is a non-elective part of parental care and the defining features of a mammal, the most important thing that mammals - whether marsupials, platypuses, spiny anteaters, or placental mammals - have in common.
But not all animal parents, even those that tend their offspring to the point of hatching or birth, feed their young. Most egg-guarding fish do not, for the simple reason that their young are so much smaller than the parents and eat food that is also much smaller than the food eaten by adults. In reptiles, the crocodile mother protects their young after they have hatched and takes them down to the water, where they will find food, but she does not actually feed them. Few insects feed their young after hatching, but some make other arrangement, provisioning their cells and nests with caterpillars and spiders that they have paralyzed with their venom and stored in a state of suspended animation so that their larvae might have a supply of fresh food when they hatch.
For animals other than mammals, then, feeding is not intrinsic to parental care. Animals add it to their productive strategies to give them an edge in their lifelong quest for descendants. The most vulnerable moment in any animal’s life is when it first finds itself completely on its own, when it must forage and fend for itself. Feeding postpones that the moment until a young animal has grown to such a size that it is better able to cope. Young that are fed by their parents become nutritionally independent at a much greater fraction of their full adult size. And in a meantime those young are shielded against the vagaries of fluctuating of difficult-to-find supplies. Once a species does take the step of feeding its young, the young become totally dependent on the extra effort. If both parents are removed, the young generally do not survive.
Câu 21: What does the passage mainly discuss?
Câu 22: The author lists various animals in line 5 (paragraph 1) to _______ .
Câu 23: The word ‘tend’ in line 6 (paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to _________ .
Câu 24: What can be inferred from the passage about the practice of animal parents feeding their young?
Câu 25: According to the passage, how do some insects make sure their young have food?
Câu 26: The word ‘edge’ in line 15 (paragraph 3) is closest in meaning to _________ .
Câu 27: According to the passage, young animals are most defenseless when ________ .
Câu 28: The word ‘shielded’ in line 20 (paragraph 3) is closest in meaning to _________ .
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 29 to 40.
The popular writer J K Rowling has agreed to end her part in the destruction of the world’s forests by having her books printed on paper which is environmentally friendly. The multi-millionaire author, whose novels about a teenage wizard have (29) ________ 6.5 million trees so far; is one of a number of high-profile authors who have (30) ________ their support for the environment by stipulating that only recycled paper should be used for their books. Techniques (31) ________ in Canadian mean that, for the first time, paper made from such materials as office waste paper can be used to make books. The Canadian edition of Rowling’s last book was printed without chopping down a single tree, saving an (32) ________ 40,000 of them.
In the past, it was difficult to print books on recycled paper because the paper was not strong enough to (33) ________ a lifetime’s reading. Technological (34) ________ mean that paper which is (35) ________ from waste materials is now just as (36) ________ as paper made from virgin fiber in (37) ________ of quality and strength.
Despite the high cost of developing recycled paper that has the required strength and whiteness needed for books, there will not (38) ________ be a price rise for the reader. Instead, publishers are likely to (39) ________ for the higher paper cost by using cheaper book covers, as (40) ________ in Canadian.
Câu 29: __________(29)
Câu 30: __________(30)
Câu 31: __________(31)
Câu 32: __________(32)
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Câu 34: __________(34)
Câu 35: __________(35)
Câu 36: __________(36)
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Câu 40: __________(40)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions.
Câu 41: They have not returned to the hometown since the war broke out.
Câu 42: The mistake in the accounts was not noticed until the figures were re-checked.
Câu 43: She has offered me a job, but I am still sleeping on it.
Câu 44: There is very little chance of their winning the game.
Câu 45: Bill and Alice had a quarrel, but they soon made up.
Câu 46: Our children are hard on furniture.
Câu 47: Jack is afraid he’ll gain weight if he stops smoking.
Câu 48: He’s been studying for so many years that he should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.
Câu 49: Apart from being conveniently located near the beach, that hotel has nothing that makes me recommend it to you.
Câu 50: If you want to be kept informed about current affairs, you should listen to the radio.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Câu 51: By the time Jane, the editor and copywriter, comes back, things will change completely.
Câu 52: The growth rate of the Pacific Rim countries is five times fast as comparable areas during the Industrial Revolution.
Câu 53: The smallest things in universe are, paradoxically, explored by the largest machines.
Câu 54: Justice is often personified as a blindfolded woman to hold a pair of scales.
Câu 55: Televisions are now an everyday feature of most households in the United States, and television viewing is the number one activity leisure.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in each of the following questions.
Câu 56: Patient: “Can I have an appointment to see the doctor, please?” Receptionist: “____________.”
Câu 57: “Would you bother if I had a look at your paper?” - “____________.”
Câu 58: Jack: “Would you like me to get a taxi?” Jean: “____________.”
Câu 59: Doctors usually have to study for at least 7 years before becoming fully ___________.
Câu 60: I shall do the job to the best of my ___________.
Câu 61: Going on this diet has really ___________ me good. I’ve lost weight.
Câu 62: Everyone knows about pollution problems, but not many people have __________any solutions.
Câu 63: If you run _________ Steve, give him my best wishes.
Câu 64: He was so mean that he couldn’t bear to ___________ the smallest sum of money for the charity appeal.
Câu 65: Can you deliver this letter ___________ hand?
Câu 66: “Why are you mad at John?” “He’s been making a lot of trouble ___________ me lately.”
Câu 67: Excessive logging of forests in the past century has resulted in ___________ .
Câu 68: After Jack ________ a rough outline of the model, he will begin painting.
Câu 69: __________ I’d like to help you out, I’m afraid I just haven’t got any spare money at the moment.
Câu 70: He __________ to the doctor after the accident, but he continued to play instead.
Câu 71: The doctor recommended __________ .
Câu 72: Nowadays children would prefer history ___________in more practical ways.
Câu 73: The Olympic marathon distance, ___________in the ancient times, honored a messenger who ran from Marathon to Athens to deliver vital news and then died.
Câu 74: Imagine the Internet ___________ created, our lives would be so different, don’t you think?
Câu 75: No sooner ___________ everyone started to gossip about him.
Câu 76: ___________ will Mr. Thanh be able to regain control of the company.
Câu 77: Nowhere in the Northern section of the United States ___________ for growing citrus crops.
Câu 78: It was a bit embarrassing when the teacher caught us ___________ .
Câu 79: “I couldn’t take the history class I wanted last semester.” “Why didn’t you talk to your advisor? She ___________ able to help you get in.”
Câu 80: “What happened after I left the meeting?” “We finished assigning tasks, and then we went on ___________ the budget.”