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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage on the development of the postal system in the USA, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to the questions.
In the early days of the United States, postal charges were paid by the recipient, and the charges varied with the distance carried. In 1825, the US Congress permitted local postmasters to give letters to mail carriers for home delivery, but these carriers received no government salary and their entire compensation depended on what they were paid by the recipients of the individual letters.
In 1847 the US Post Office Department adopted the idea of a postage stamp, which simplified the payment for postal service but caused grumbling by those who did not want to prepay. Besides, the stamp covered only delivery to the post office and did not include carrying it to a private address. In Philadelphia, for example, with a population of 1500,000, people still had to go to the post office to get their mail. The confusion and congestion of individual citizens looking for their letters was itself enough to discourage use of the mail. It is no wonder that, II during the years of these cumbersome arrangements, private letter-carrying and express businesses developed. Although their activities were only semi-legal, they thrived, and actually advertised that between Boston and Philadelphia they were a half-day speedier than the government mail. The government postal service lost volume to private competition and was not able to handle efficiently even the business it had.
Finally, in 1863, Congress provided that the mail carriers who delivered the mail from the post offices to private addresses should receive a government salary, and that there should be no extra charge for that delivery. But this delivery service was at first confined to cities, and free home delivery became a mark of urbanism. As late as 1887, a town had to have 10,000 people to be eligible for free home delivery. In 1890, of the 75 million people in the USA, fewer than million had mail delivered free to their doors. The rest, nearly three-quarters of the population, still received no mail unless they went to their post office.
Câu 6: The word "they" in line 14 refers to__________.
Câu 7: The word "cumbersome" in line 12 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 8: In 1863 the US government began providing which of the following to mail carriers?
Câu 9: The word "confined ” in line 19 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 10: The word "eligible " in line 21 could best be replaced by________.
Câu 11: The phrase "mail carriers" in line 3 could be replaced by_____.
Câu 12: Which of the following was seen as a disadvantage of the postage stamp?
Câu 13: The private postal services claimed that they could do which of the following better than the government?
Câu 14: Why does the author mention the city of Philadelphia in line 9?
Câu 15: What does the passage mainly discuss?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 16: There are twenty species of wild roses in the USA, all of which have prickly stems, pinnate leaves, and flowers which smell sweetly.
Câu 17: The industry minister blamed lower production figures for a severe shortage of raw material and frequent strikes by workers.
Câu 18: These books, that you gave me yesterday, are quite interesting to read , but those I borrowed from the library are not.
Câu 19: David is particularly fond of cooking and is so good a cook that every meal he cooks is very tasteful.
Câu 20: There is an unresolved controversy as to whom is the real author of the Elizabethan plays commonly credited to W. Shakespeare.
Read the following passage on FRIENDSHIP and mark the letter A,B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks form 21 to 30.
The advice of friends can often (21) ________ to be invaluable when we have difficulties to face. Even though they are unable to solve problems for us, their support can help to raise our (22) ________ and they can (23) ________ us up when we are feeling depressed. They remind us of the fact that we are not alone and we should be (24) ________ of what they have to offer. Of course, we should not be (25) ________ on others. We are all ultimately responsible for our own (26) ________ and we all have to accept the (27) ________ of the mistakes we make. However, there is a distinct difference between (28) ________ on others and being prepared to listen to what they have to say. Friends can often prevent us from seeing things in a distorted way and help us to bear the hardships that lie ahead. It is (29) ________ if we have no-one to talk to and have no alternative but to (30) ________ our feelings. We all need to give, and to receive, friendship. It helps to make us human.
Câu 21: _________(21)
Câu 22: _________(22)
Câu 23: _________(23)
Câu 24: _________(24)
Câu 25: _________(25)
Câu 26: _________(26)
Câu 27: _________(27)
Câu 28: _________(28)
Câu 29: _________(29)
Câu 30: _________(30)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 31: Solar energy is not only plentiful but also infinite.
Câu 32: His replies were inconsistent with his previous testimony.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 33: The warranty guaranteed that all defective parts would be replaced without charge.
Câu 34: The music is what makes the movie so memorable.
Câu 35: Mountain people of adjoining nations have great deal in common because terrain and climate mould their lives similarly.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best restates the given sentence in the following questions.
Câu 36: "If you don't apologize immediately, I'm leaving", she told him.
Câu 37: Bill had had the wireless repaired.
Câu 38: You'll be better off staying the night.
Câu 39: My boss works better whenever he is pressed for time.
Câu 40: The boy was not allowed to haw any friends, so he felt lonely.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 41: According to the condition of my scholarship, after finishing my degree, __________.
Câu 42: The _________ of the Rose Marie is only a few yards from the beach and we swam out to it yesterday.
Câu 43: - Laura: "What a lovely house you have!" - Maria:" _________ “ in
Câu 44: _______ please inform the factory at once.
Câu 45: Woman: 'Have you made our plane reservations yet - Man: 'No, I'm leaving it up to you.' What does the man want the woman to do?
Câu 46: :"__________ to deliver this letter to the secretary?"
Câu 47: They had to ___________ the match because of the rain.
Câu 48: It was such a still that not a _________of grass was moving in the meadow.
Câu 49: This road will be closed to traffic until further ________ .
Câu 50: He moved that the meeting ________.
Câu 51: Was the film as good as you expected it to be or it was disappointing?
Câu 52: Your friend : "I think he is going to ask you to dancer You: “_________”
Câu 53: All the cereal grains __________ grow on the prairies and plain of the United State.
Câu 54: This is a _________ book.
Câu 55: He doesn't dare to leave the house _________.
Câu 56: Woman: - "I should tell them they need more decorations". Man: - "They never listen to anyone, so ________"
Câu 57: The robber did not know that a _________ policeman was following him.
Câu 58: Your friend: "What's up with you?" You:"________”
Câu 59: - "How do you like my new motorcycle?" - "It's very nice, but would you please ________ park it on the lawn?"
Câu 60: Researchers are working with projects to _______ rivers, waterfalls, the sun's rays as a source of energy.
Câu 61: He cannot _________ ignorance as his excuse, he should have known what was happening in his own department.
Câu 62: Have a piece of chocolate. I think there's enough of it to __________.
Câu 63: Jane: "I got soaked in the rain" Mary:" _______ "
Câu 64: The thought of taking such an examination had never for one moment ________ my mind.
Câu 65: Talks over the persisting war _________ as they could not reach an agreement.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Câu 66: The staircase is dark and there is unpleasant odor of mice.
Câu 67: You are obliged to refund my money, otherwise I'll take legal action.
Câu 68: I am sure he didn't understand a word you said.
Câu 69: It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test.
Câu 70: It was only when I left home that I realized how much my father meant to me.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Every year a group of birdwatchers assembles in an Indian swamp to count Siberian cranes, a species celebrated by ancient Persian poets as "the Great Northern Princess" and now more likely to be shot out of the sky and roasted for dinner. At most, only 200 are left in the wild. A "western flock" of birds breeds in the Russian tundra and migrates 6,000 miles to wintering grounds in northern India while the larger eastern flock more sensibly opts for China.
With that unerring instinct for self-destruction characteristic of so many endangered species, the western 6 flock flies straight across the most turbulent areas of Iran and Afghanistan, where trigger-happy soldiers find the large, slow flying birds irresistible for target practice and the pot.
Meanwhile villagers in northern Pakistan have taken to crane-hunting. Nearly 6,000 cranes are held in captivity, according to the World Wildlife Fund, most of them are demoiselle or common cranes. Some of them act as decoys to attract the migrants, which are caught in flight by teams of hunters using soias, crude flying snares of lead-weighted cords. In skilled hands, a sofa can bring down a crane from 100ft. More happily, recent reports suggest that some of the birds, their wings clipped to prevent escape, have adapted surprisingly well to their homes and have bred.
Other, more orthodox captive-breeding programs have been supplemented with a range of weird and wonderful experiments: eggs produced by captive cranes have been distributed among nests in the northern tundra, and small radio transmitters have been fitted to the birds' legs to help scientists trace the vicissitudes of migration. Some Indian conservationists are convinced, however, that it is too late to save the western flock, which could cease to migrate altogether by the end of the century. 'The increasing number of obstacles the birds meet in their flight south — hunters, new industrialized areas, the disappearance of water-holes - will finally stop the migration and the cranes will be condemned to die from the cold in Siberia," - the Indian Association for the Protection of Nature have warned.
The World Wildlife Fund believes seven of the 15 species of crane to be in danger of extinction, primarily because so many of their wetland habitats have been destroyed. Several species have recovered spectacularly after becoming national causes celebres among them the American whooping crane and the Manchurian, or red crest, crane of Japan. But as marshlands in eastern I4okkaido continue to be drained, this bird's future still hangs in the balance.
Though few Japanese have ever seen a live tancho its potency as a symbol in contemporary Japan is such that it crops up everywhere, from wedding gowns to the national airline. The ultimate humiliation fora dying species, surely, to serve as decoration for the forces that are wiping it out.
Câu 71: During migration ______.
Câu 72: The Western flock of cranes ________.
Câu 73: The word "crops up" in line 29 is closest in meaning to ________.
Câu 74: Siberian cranes ________.
Câu 75: All of the following are the danger to cranes of the western flock on their flight south EXCEPT________.
Câu 76: Which of the following words is defined in the passage?
Câu 77: The main reason for the danger to cranes ________.
Câu 78: It can be inferred from what is stated in the last sentence that ________.
Câu 79: Birds held in captivity ________.
Câu 80: While flying across Iran and Afghanistan cranes of the western flock ________.