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Các loại câu, các loại mệnh đề trong Tiếng Anh

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Bài 16:

Choose A,B,C, or D that best combines the two sentences 

Câu 1: We started out for California. It started to rain right after that. 

A. No sooner did we start out for California than it started to rain.

B. No sooner had we started out for California when it started to rain.

C. No sooner had it started to rain than we started out for California.

D. No sooner had we started out for California than it started to rain .

Câu 2: I whispered. I didn’t want anybody else to hear our conversation. 

A. I whispered so nobody could hear our conversation. 

B. I whispered so that somebody could not hear our conversation.

C. I whispered so that nobody could not hear our conversation. 

D. I whispered so that nobody could hear our conversation.

Câu 3: The girl is talking to a man with a ponytail. She is my friend. 

A. The girl who is talking to a man with a ponytail is my friend.

B. The girl, whom a man with a ponytail is talking to, is my friend.

C. My friend is the girl, who is talking to a man with a ponytail.

D. The girl, who is talking to a man with a ponytail, is my friend. 

Câu 4: She doesn’t want to go to their party. We don’t want to go either. 

A. Neither she nor we don’t want to go to their party. 

B. Neither we nor she wants to go to their party. 

C. Either we or she doesn’t want to go to their party. 

D.  Neither we nor she want to go to their party. 

Câu 5: We have been friends for years. It is quite easy to share secrets between us. 

A. Having been friends for years, we find quite easy to share secrets between us. 

B. We have been friends for years so that it is quite easy to share secrets between us.

C. Being friends for years, we find it quite easy to share secrets between us. 

D. We find it quite easy to share secrets, being friends. 

Bài 17:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Câu 1: We can protect the world in which we live. We, for example, can grow more trees and recycle rubbish.

A. We can protect the world in which we live as well as we can grow more trees and recycle rubbish. 

B. We can protect the world in which we live, growing more trees and recycle rubbish. 

C. We can protect the world in which we live by growing more trees and recycling rubbish.

D. We can protect the world in which we live such as growing more trees and recycling rubbish.

Câu 2: He joined the army in 1998. He was soon after promoted to the rank of captain.

A. He was promoted to the rank of captain in 1998 and joined the army. 

B. Promoted to the rank of captain in 1998, he joined the army soon later. 

C. He worked as a captain in the army and had a promotion in 1998. 

D. Joining the army in 1998, he was soon promoted to the rank of captain.

Câu 3: He has been studying for many years. He should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

A. He has been studying for many years to have soon realized that his grammar was incorrect.

B. He has been studying for many years that he should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

C. No sooner has he been studying for many years than he should have realized that his grammar was incorrect.

D. Though he has been studying for many years, he did not realize sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

Câu 4: Colour is an important facet of nature. It influences the life of almost every creature.

A. Influencing the life of almost every creature in nature, colour is important. 

B. Colour influencing the life of almost every creature being an important facet of nature.

C. Colour, which is an important facet of nature, influencing the life of almost every creature.

D. Colour, which is an important facet of nature, influences the life of almost every creature. 

Câu 5: I think my hair looks fine. My mother believes it needs a little more brushing. 

A. Not only do I think my hair looks fine, but my mother also believes it needs a little more brushing.

B. Either my mother believes it needs a little more brushing or I think my hair looks fine.

C. I think my hair looks so fine that my mother believes it needs a little more brushing. 

D. I think my hair looks fine, but my mother believes it needs a little more brushing.

Bài 18:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions.

Câu 1: Serving as president of the USA during his fourth term in office, Franklin Roosevelt died in April 1945.

A. Franklin Roosevelt passed away in April 1945, while in his fourth term of office as US president. 

B. Franklin Roosevelt passed away in April 1945 after he had been president of the USA for four terms.

C. Dying in his office in April 1945, Franklin Roosevelt was in the middle of his fourth term as US president.

D. While serving the president of the USA, who was then in his fourth term, Franklin Roosevelt died in April 1945.

Câu 2: The criminal is believed to be living abroad.

A. There’s a belief that the criminal should be living abroad. 

B. It is believed that the criminal is living abroad. 

C. The belief is that the criminal should be living abroad.

D. It believes that the criminal is living abroad. 

Câu 3: “No, I didn’t come to see her that night!” 

A. He denied having come to see her that night.

B. He denied to have come to see her that night. 

C. He denied not having come to see her that night. 

D. He refused to have come to see her that night. 

Câu 4: If she had no intention of going to the wedding, she should not have accepted the invitation. 

A. She must not have accepted the invitation, because she is definitely not going to the wedding.

B. If she’s already accepted the invitation, she’ll probably go to the wedding. 

C. It was wrong of her to say she’d go to the wedding when she knew that she would not.

D. If she won’t be able to make it to the wedding, then she doesn’t need to get an invitation. 

Câu 5: The immigration laws have been continually changed over the past few years for no logical reasons.

A. It is not fair that the laws have been changed so much over the past few years because of the flow of immigrants.

B. There’s no reasonable explanation as to why the immigration laws have been altered repeatedly in the last few years.

C. The reason why they changed the immigration laws recently has not been explained very convincingly.

D. The fact that the immigration laws have been continually changed over the recent years must have a reason.

Câu 6: Brenda doesn’t get on well with her next-door neighbor any more. 

A. Brenda has gone out with her next-door neighbor. 

B. Brenda and her next door neighbor haven’t made any progress. 

C. Brenda has fallen out with her next-door neighbor. 

D. Brenda no longer lives in this neighborhood. 

Câu 7: It was obvious that the old house was past its prime. 

A. Obviously, the old house used to be more unattractive. 

B. The old house had obviously known worse days. 

C. The old house had obvious seen better days. 

D. Obviously, the house is much better now. 

Câu 8: You should have studied electrical engineering, as it would have made it much easier for you to find a job.

A. It is very easy for qualified engineers to find jobs, so keep this in mind when choosing your career. 

B. If I were you, I would study electrical engineering, since there are plenty of jobs for people in that profession.

C. If you chose to study electrical engineering, you wouldn’t have much trouble finding a job. 

D. Had you studied electrical engineering, you would not have had nearly so much trouble finding a job.

Bài 19:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best joins each of the following pairs of sentences in each of the following questions.

Câu 1: Joe does a lot of exercise. He’s still very fat.

A. Despite the fact that doing a lot of exercise, Joe’s still very fat. 

B. Joe does a lot of exercise, so he’s very fat. 

C. Even though Joe does a lot of exercise, he’s very fat. 

D. Joe’s very fat, but he does a lot of exercise. 

Câu 2: Canada does not require US citizens to obtain passports to enter the country. Mexico does not require US citizens to do the same.

A. Canada does not require US citizens to obtain passports to enter the country, and Mexico does, either.

B. Canada does not require US citizens to obtain passports to enter the country, and Mexico does not, either.

C. Canada does not require US citizens to obtain passports to enter the country, and neither Mexico does.

D. Canada does not require US citizens to obtain passports to enter the country while Mexico does. 

Bài 20:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 

Câu 1: “Getting a good job doesn’t matter much to me.”

A. “I am only interested in getting a good job.”

B. “It’s interesting for me to get a good job.”

C. “I am not good at getting a good job.”

D. “I don’t care about getting a good job.”

Câu 2: Access to the library computer facilities is open to students.

A. Computers in the library are not used for students.

B. Students can freely assess the library computer service.

C. Students are not allowed to use library computers.

D. The library computer facilities are accessible to students.

Câu 3: They were exposed to biased information, so they didn’t know the true story.

A. If they got unbiased information, they could know the true story.

B. If they had unbiased the information, they could have known the true story.

C. If they had been exposed to unbiased information, they would have known the true story.

D. If they have exposed to the unbiased information, they could have seen the true story.

Câu 4: It doesn’t cost much to run a solar power system.

A. A solar power system is quite cheap to set up.

B. Running a solar power system costs nothing.

C. A solar power system costs so much to run.

D. Running a solar power system is not costly.

Câu 5: We missed the turning because we forgot to take the map with us.

A. Without the right map with us, we missed the turning.

B. If we were taking the map with us, we did not miss the turning.

C. Without the map with us, we missed the turning.

D. Having remembered the map with us, we would not miss the turning.

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