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Các loại câu, các loại mệnh đề trong Tiếng Anh

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Bài 31:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best equal to the following questions.

Câu 1: “How fashionable your dress is” they said to he lady.

A. They exclaimed in admiration for how fashionable the lady’s dress was

B. They exclaimed with admiration at how fashionable was the lady’s dress.

C. They exclaimed with admiration at how fashionable the lady’s dress was.

D. They exclaimed in admiration that it was fashionable dress the lady had.

Câu 2: Of the members, half were for the proposal and half were against.

A. The member of members who favoured the proposal was equal to the number who opposed it.

B. None of the members could agree whether to accept or reject the proposal.

C.  Half of the members were chosen for the project, but those who weren’t objected to it.

D. Many members didn’t agree with the proposal, but some did.

Câu 3:   If Russia didn’t have such strict visa regulations, more people would be able to visit the country and see the beautiful cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.    

A. More and more people are travelling to Russia, despite the tight visa regulations, to see the amazing cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.                  

B. Russia people wish that their visa regulations were looser, so that more visitors would be able to come to the great cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.

C. The charming cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg have been visited by more foreign tourists since Russia loosened its tough visa rules.                

D. Because of Russia’s rigid visa regulations, fewer people are able to take a holiday in that country and observe the lovely cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Câu 4: The university board has decided that he not be awarded a scholarship because of his random absente.  

A. The university board has made a decision on his scholarship regardless of his absence.

B. The university board has decided not to award him a scholarship because of his random absence.

C. The university board has decided to be awarded a scholarship because of his random absence.

D. He still asked for a scholarship from the university board in spite of his poor attention.

Câu 5: You can never be sure about the accuracy of TV weather reports.

A. If you want to know how the weather is going to be, you should watch TV.

B. There are more accurate ways of learning how the weather will be than watching TV.

C. If I were you, I would rely on the TV weather report.

D.  Weather forecasts on television are notoriously unreliable.

Bài 32:

Choose the sentence A, B, C or D nearest in meaning to the one in italic. 

Câu 1: If it hadn't been for his carelessness, we would have finished the work on time.

A. He was careless because he hadn't finished the work on time.

B. Had he been more careful, we would have completed the work on time. 

C. If he were more careful, we would finish the work on time.

D. Because he was careful, we finished the work on time. 

Câu 2: She strikes me as a very effective teacher.

A.  As a teacher, she always strikes me.

B. She is such an effective teacher that she always strikes her students.

C. My impression of her is that she is a very effective teacher.

D. I make an effective impression on her teacher. 

Câu 3: The hostess made every effort to see that her guests got the food and drinks they wanted.  

A. The hostess tried hard to please her guests.

B. The hostess was reluctant to offer her guests food and drinks.

C. The guests refused the food and drinks prepared by the hostess.

D. Neither the guests nor the hostess had food or drinks. 

Câu 4: It was kind of Hoa to send flowers to me on my birthday.

A. Hoa was kind enough to send flowers to me on my birthday.

B. Hoa wasn't kind enough to send me flowers on my birthday.

C. Hoa was enough kind to send me flowers on my birthday.

D. Hoa was kind enough not to send flowers to me on my birthday

Câu 5: I love classical music because it makes me happy.

A. Classical music makes me happy so I don't love it.

B. Classical music doesn't makes me happy so I don't love it.

C. Classical music makes me happy so I love it.

D. Classical music doesn't make me happy so I love it. 

Câu 6: We haven't been to the cinema for years.

A. We go to the cinema every week. 

B. We didn't go to the cinema a long time ago.

C. We haven't seen any films for a long time.

D. It's years since we last went to the cinema. 

Câu 7: No sooner had we arrived than the performance began.

A. When we arrived the performance had already started.

B. The performance had started before we arrived.

C. The performance started sooner than we arrived.

D.  Hardly had we arrived when the performance began. 

Câu 8: It is reported that two people were seriously injured in the accident.

A.  Two people are reported to be seriously injured in the accident.

B. Two people reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.

C. Two people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.

D.  Two people are reported to have seriously injured in the accident. 

Câu 9: The man in that painting reminds me of my uncle.

A. The man in that painting bears a strong resemblance to my uncle.

B. In that painting the man has something similar to my uncle.

C.  There are some likeness between my uncle and the man in that painting.

D. My uncle and the man in that painting were very alike. 

Câu 10: It's my opinion that you should take more exercise.

A. If I were you, I will take more exercise.

B. If I were you, I wouldn't take more exercise. 

C. If I were you, you would take more exercise.

D. Had I been you, I would take more exercise 

Bài 33:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.

Câu 1: The demand was so great that they had to grow more soyas immediately.

A. So great was the demand that they had to grow more soyas immediately.

B. Such is the demand that more soyas had to be grown immediately.

C. It was great that they will grow more soyas immediately.

D.  More soyas are demanded to be grown immediately.

Câu 2: They would rather see the boat race than the cricket match.

A. They prefer seeing the boat race than the cricket match.

B. Seeing the cricket match is not as likeable as the boat race.

C. They do not like seeing the cricket match as much as the boat race.

D. Seeing the boat race is rather matching them.

Câu 3: Very few criminals would be caught by the police if informers did not offer information.  

A. The police would catch a few criminals without informers’ information.

B.  Informers offer information and the police catch many criminals.

C. The police caught many criminals with the help of informers.

D. Without information from informers, the police will catch very few criminals.

Câu 4: Sometimes an allergy can disappear as suddenly as it arrives, without any treatment.  

A. Sometimes an allergy can disappear as soon as it arrives, very suddenly.

B. An allergy can arrive and disappear suddenly without any treatment sometimes.

C. With some treatment, an allergy does not sometimes last long as soon as it arrives.

D. Without any treatment, an allergy disappears after arriving for some time.

Câu 5: Why didn’t you switch off the light before leaving the room?

A. You must have switched off the light before leaving the room.

B. You could have switched off the light before leaving the room.

C. You should have switched off the light before leaving the room.

D. You shouldn’t have switched off the light before leaving the room.

Bài 34:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Câu 1: We can protect the world in which we live. We, for example, can grow more trees and recycle rubbish.  

A.  We can protect the world in which we live as well as we can grow more trees and recycle rubbish.

B.  We can protect the world in which we live, growing more trees and recycle rubbish.

C. We can protect the world in which we live by growing more trees and recycling rubbish.

D. We can protect the world in which we live such as growing more trees and recycling rubbish.

Câu 2: He joined the army in 1998. He was soon after promoted to the rank of captain.

A. He was promoted to the rank of captain in 1998 and joined the army.

B. Promoted to the rank of captain in 1998, he joined the army soon later.

C. He worked as a captain in the army and had a promotion in 1998.

D. Joining the army in 1998, he was soon promoted to the rank of captain.

Câu 3: He has been studying for many years. He should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.  

A. He has been studying for many years to have soon realized that his grammar was incorrect.

B.  He has been studying for many years that he should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

C. No sooner has he been studying for many years than he should have realized that his grammar was incorrect.

D. Though he has been studying for many years, he did not realize sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

Câu 4: Colour is an important facet of nature. It influences the life of almost every creature.  

A.  Influencing the life of almost every creature in nature, colour is important.

B. Colour influencing the life of almost every creature being an important facet of nature.

C.  Colour, which is an important facet of nature, influencing the life of almost every creature.

D. Colour, which is an important facet of nature, influences the life of almost every creature.

Câu 5: I think my hair looks fine. My mother believes it needs a little more brushing.

A. Not only do I think my hair looks fine, but my mother also believes it needs a little more brushing.

B. Either my mother believes it needs a little more brushing or I think my hair looks fine.

C. I think my hair looks so fine that my mother believes it needs a little more brushing.

D.  I think my hair looks fine, but my mother believes it needs a little more brushing.

Bài 35:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences.

Câu 1: She asked Janet to repeat what she had said. 

A.  “Will you please repeat what Janet said?”, she asked. 

B. “Please repeat what Janet had said.”, she asked.

C. “Please repeat what you say, Janet.”, she said. 

D. “Please repeat what you said, Janet.” , she said

Câu 2: Jenny denied breaking the window.

A. Jenny was determined not to break the window.  

B. Jenny said that she hadn’t broken the window.

C. Jenny didn’t break the window.                 

D.  Jenny refused to break the window.

Câu 3: I hardly know the truth about Jean’s success in the institute.

A. Jean’s success in the institute was not to be known.

B. It is difficult for Jean to be successful in the institute.

C.  I do not know much about Jean’s success in the institute.

D. Jean hardly become known and successful in the institute.

Câu 4: After Louie had written his composition, he handed it to his teacher.

A. Handed the composition to his teacher, Louie wrote it.

B.  Having written his composition, Louie handed it to his teacher.

C. Writing the composition, Louie handed it to his teacher.

D. Handing the composition, Louie had written his composition.

Câu 5: It is certain that the suspect committed the crime.

A. The suspect was certain to commit the crime.

B. The suspect might have committed the crime.

C. Certain commitment of the crime was that of the suspect.

D. The suspect must have committed the crime.

Câu 6: I thought she was the right person for the position, yet it turned out that she was quite useless.  

A. Contrary to my initial impression, she was totally unsuitable for the position.

B.  I was right in thinking that she was totally useless for the job.

C. I was mistaken about her suitability for the position, since she proved rather incompetent.

D. Because I was expecting her to be competent, I was shocked to see her perform rather badly.

Câu 7: People believed that the boys started the fire.

A. The boys were believed to start the fire.

B. That the boys started the fire was believed.

C. It is believed that the fire was started by the boys.                  

D. It is believed that the boys started the fire.

Câu 8: I had no problems at all during my trip to France.

A. No problems were there during my trip to France at all.

B. Everything went according to plan during my trip to France.

C. My trip to France was not at all went as planned.

D. No problems during my trip had I at all in France.

Câu 9: He felt very tired. However, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain. 

A. He felt so tired that he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain. 

B. Feeling very tired, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

C. As the result of his tiredness, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

D. Tired as he might feel, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

Câu 10: She heard the news of the death of her mother. She fainted.

A. On hearing the news of her dead mother, she fainted.

B. On hearing the news of her mother’s death, she fainted.

C. She fainted so she heard the news of the death of her mother.

D. She fainted and then she heard the news of the death of her mother.

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