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Dạng bài Điền từ vào đoạn văn lớp 12

Bài 11:

Read the following passage adapted from Understanding Rural America InfoUSA and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.

The well-being of America’s rural people and places depends upon many things - the availability of good-paying jobs; ______(9) to critical services such as education, health care, and communication; strong communities; and a healthy natural environment. And, ______(10) urban America is equally dependent upon these things, the challenges to well-being look very different in rural areas than in urban areas. Small-scale, low-density settlement _______(11) make it more costly for communities and businesses to provide critical services. Declining jobs and income in the natural resource-based industries that many rural areas depend on ______(12) workers in those industries to find new ways to make a living. Low-skill, low-wage rural manufacturing industries must find new ways to challenge the increasing number of_______ (13) competitors. Distance and remoteness impede many rural areas from being connected to the urban centers of economic activity. Finally, changes in the availability and use of natural resources located in rural areas _______(14) the people who earn a living from those resources and those who _____(15) recreational and other benefits from them.

Some rural areas have met these challenges successfully, achieved some level of prosperity, and are ready______ (16) the challenges of the future. Others have neither met the current challenges nor positioned themselves for the future. Thus, concern for rural America is real. And. while rural America is a producer of critical goods and services, the _______(17) goes beyond economics. Rural America is also home to a fifth of the Nation’s people, keeper of natural amenities and national treasures, and safeguard of a/an _______(18) part of American culture, tradition and history.

Câu hỏi số 1:

______(9)

Câu hỏi số 2:

______(10)

Câu hỏi số 3:

_______(11)

Câu hỏi số 4:

________(12)

Câu hỏi số 5:

______(13)

Câu hỏi số 6:

_______(14)

Câu hỏi số 7:

_______(15)

Câu hỏi số 8:

______(16)

Câu hỏi số 9:

_______(17)

Câu hỏi số 10:

_______(18)

Bài 12:

Read the following passage taken from Microsoft Encarta and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks.

WHY DO ANIMALS GO EXTINCT?

Different kinds of animals have appeared and disappeared throughout Earth’s history. Some animals go extinct because the climate_______ (43) they live changes. The climate may become wetter or drier. It may become warmer or cooler. If the animals cannot change, or adapt, to the new climate, they die.

Some animals go extinct because they cannot_____ (44) with other animals for food. Some animals go extinct because they are killed by enemies. New kinds of animals are always evolving. Evolving means that the animals are changing_______ (45) from generation to generation. Small differences between parents, children, and grandchildren slowly add up over many, many generations. Eventually, a different kind of animal evolves.

Sometimes many of the animals on Earth go extinct at the_____ (46) time. Scientists call this a mass extinction. Scientists think there_______ (47) at least five mass extinctions in Earth‘s history. The last mass extinction happened about 65 million years ago. This mass extinction killed off the dinosaurs.

Câu hỏi số 1:

______(41)

Câu hỏi số 2:

______(44)

Câu hỏi số 3:

_______(45)

Câu hỏi số 4:

______(46)

Câu hỏi số 5:

________(47)

Bài 13:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks from 41 to 45.

There are several things to remember if you are applying for a new job. Most companies ______(41) their vacancies in the newspapers, and there are normally a lot of applicants for each post. _______(42) , a good letter of application is very important. You should enclose with it your curriculum vitae so that the employer knows about your______ (43) and experience. If you are applying_______ (44)  a large company, address your letter to the personnel manager, who deals with appointing new staff. If you are invited to an interview, make _______(45) you are suitably dressed and on time. You may ask about promotion prospects as well as further training, the salary and holiday arrangements.

Câu hỏi số 1:

_______(41)

Câu hỏi số 2:

________(42)

Câu hỏi số 3:

_______(43)

Câu hỏi số 4:

_______(44)

Câu hỏi số 5:

_______(45)

Bài 14:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.

Wind, water, air, ice and heat all work to cause erosion. As the wind blows over the land, it often______ (51) small grains of sand. When these grains of sand strike against solid rocks, the rocks are slowly worn away. In this way, _____(52) very hard rocks are worn away by the wind.

When particles of rocks or soil became loosened in any way, running water carries them down the_____ (53) . Some rocks and soil particles are carried into streams and then into the sea.

Land that is covered with trees. grass and other plants wears away very slowly, and so loses very ______(54) of its soil. The roots of plants help to_____ (55) the rocks and soil in place. Water that falls on grasslands runs away more slowly than water that falls on bare ground. Thus, forests and grasslands ______(56) to slow down erosion.

Even where the land is______ (57) covered with plants, some erosion goes on. ln the spring, the______ (58) snow turns into a large quantity of water that then runs downhill in streams. _______(59) a stream carries away some of the soil, the stream bed gets deeper and deeper. _____(60) thousands of years of such erosion. wide valleys are often formed.

Câu hỏi số 1:

________(51)

Câu hỏi số 2:

_____(52)

Câu hỏi số 3:

______(53)

Câu hỏi số 4:

______(54)

Câu hỏi số 5:

_______(55)

Câu hỏi số 6:

______(56)

Câu hỏi số 7:

______(57)

Câu hỏi số 8:

______(58)

Câu hỏi số 9:

________(59)

Câu hỏi số 10:

______(60)

Bài 15:

Read the following passage , and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks.

Some Advice for Language Learners

A recent issue of a language learning magazine has consulted a number of experts in the ______(16) of second language acquisition. Their advice may prove invaluable for those_________ ( 17) a language course. One suggestion is that you ________( 18) whether you are likely to be successful at learning a language. Did you enjoy studying languages at school, for example? Do you have enough time to learn a language? The major _______( 19) will be your own time and effort. If proof of your level of proficiency is important you must make sure that the course on offer leads to a ________( 20) qualification. Also, be realistic in your _______(21) . If you don't set achievable aims you are more likely to give up. Do not be deceived_______ (22) thinking that the most expensive courses are the best. _______(23) around to get the best possible value for money. You should also bear in mind that the quicker you learn a language the more quickly you forget it. Sandra Miller, a French teacher, tried to teach herself German by enrolling on a_______ (24) course. Already fluent in four languages and with a sound knowledge of teaching methodology her chances of making progress were high. Three years on she remembers very little. She feels her biggest mistake was not to follow_________ (25) her first experience. "I should have consolidated what I'd learn by continuing to study, even if it were by myself."

Câu hỏi số 1:

_________(16)

Câu hỏi số 2:

______(17)

Câu hỏi số 3:

________(18)

Câu hỏi số 4:

________(19)

Câu hỏi số 5:

_______(20)

Câu hỏi số 6:

_________(21)

Câu hỏi số 7:

_______(22)

Câu hỏi số 8:

_________(23)

Câu hỏi số 9:

_______(24)

Câu hỏi số 10:

________(25)

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