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Dạng bài Điền từ vào đoạn văn lớp 12

Bài 36:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 36 to 45.

In a world where 2 billion people live in homes that don't have light bulbs, technology holds the key ______(36) banishing poverty. Even the simplest technologies can transform lives and save money. Vaccines, crops, computers and sources of solar energy can all reduce poverty in developing countries. For example, cheap oral-rehydration therapy developed in Bangladesh has dramatically cut the death ______(37) from childhood diarrhoca.

But even when such technologies exist, the depressing fact is that we can’t make them ______(38) for those who most need them. Solar panels, batteries and light bulbs are still beyond the purse of many, but where they have been installed they change lives. A decent light in the evening gives children more time for homework and extends the productive day for adults.

Kenya has a thriving solar industry and six years ago Kenyan pioneers also ______(39) connecting schools to the Internet via radio links. These people were fortunate ______(40) being able to afford solar panels, radios and old computers. How much bigger would the impact be if these things______ (41) and priced specifically for poor people?

Multinationals must become part of the solution, because______ (42) they own around 60 per cent of the world's technology, they seldom make products for poor customers. Of 1,223 new drugs marketed worldwide from 1975 to 1996, for example, just 13 were for tropical diseases.

People think those enterprises should do more to provide vital products such as medicines______ (43) different prices around the world to suit ______(44) people can afford. Alternatively, they could pay a percentage of their profit towards research and development for ______(45)

Adapted from “The Price is Wrong” in “Focus on IELTS Foundations” by Sue O‘Connell, Pearson Longman, 2006.

Câu hỏi số 1:

_____(36)

Câu hỏi số 2:

______(37)

Câu hỏi số 3:

________(38)

Câu hỏi số 4:

_______(39)

Câu hỏi số 5:

_______(40)

Câu hỏi số 6:

______(41)

Câu hỏi số 7:

________(42)

Câu hỏi số 8:

_______(43)

Câu hỏi số 9:

_________(44)

Câu hỏi số 10:

_______(45)

Bài 37:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from question 61 to 70. 

OLD AND ACTIVE

It is well known that life expectancy is longer in Japan than in most other countries. A (61) ______ report also shows that Japan has the longest health expectancy in the world . A healthy long life is the result of the improvement in social environment. Scientists are trying to work (62) ______ exactly what keeps elderly Japanese people so healthy, and whether there is a lesson to be learnt from their lifestyles for the rest of us. Should we (63) ______ any changes to our eating habits, for instance, or go jogging each day before breakfast? Is there some secret (64) ______ in the Japanese diet that is particularly (65) ______ to the human body?

Another factor (66) ______ to the rapid population aging in Japan is a decline in birthrate. Although longer life should be celebrated, it is (67) ______ considered a social problem. The number of older people had doubled in the last half century and that has increased pension and medical costs. The country could soon be (68) ______ an economic problem, if there are so many old people to be looked after, and relatively few younger people working and paying taxes to support them.

(69) ______ the retirement age from 65 to 70 could be one solution to the problem. Work can give the elderly a (70) ______ of responsibility and mission in life. It’s important that the elderly play active roles in the society and live in harmony with all generations.

Câu hỏi số 1:

___________(61)

Câu hỏi số 2:

___________(62)

Câu hỏi số 3:

___________(63)

Câu hỏi số 4:

___________(64)

Câu hỏi số 5:

___________(65)

Câu hỏi số 6:

___________(66)

Câu hỏi số 7:

___________(67)

Câu hỏi số 8:

___________(68)

Câu hỏi số 9:

___________(69)

Câu hỏi số 10:

___________(70)

Bài 38:

Read the following passage adapted from Understanding Rural America InfoUSA and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.

The well-being of America’s rural people and places depends upon many things - the availability of good-paying jobs; ______(9) to critical services such as education, health care, and communication; strong communities; and a healthy natural environment. And, ______(10) urban America is equally dependent upon these things, the challenges to well-being look very different in rural areas than in urban areas. Small-scale, low-density settlement _______(11) make it more costly for communities and businesses to provide critical services. Declining jobs and income in the natural resource-based industries that many rural areas depend on ______(12) workers in those industries to find new ways to make a living. Low-skill, low-wage rural manufacturing industries must find new ways to challenge the increasing number of_______ (13) competitors. Distance and remoteness impede many rural areas from being connected to the urban centers of economic activity. Finally, changes in the availability and use of natural resources located in rural areas _______(14) the people who earn a living from those resources and those who _____(15) recreational and other benefits from them.

Some rural areas have met these challenges successfully, achieved some level of prosperity, and are ready______ (16) the challenges of the future. Others have neither met the current challenges nor positioned themselves for the future. Thus, concern for rural America is real. And. while rural America is a producer of critical goods and services, the _______(17) goes beyond economics. Rural America is also home to a fifth of the Nation’s people, keeper of natural amenities and national treasures, and safeguard of a/an _______(18) part of American culture, tradition and history.

Câu hỏi số 1:

______(9)

Câu hỏi số 2:

______(10)

Câu hỏi số 3:

_______(11)

Câu hỏi số 4:

________(12)

Câu hỏi số 5:

______(13)

Câu hỏi số 6:

_______(14)

Câu hỏi số 7:

_______(15)

Câu hỏi số 8:

______(16)

Câu hỏi số 9:

_______(17)

Câu hỏi số 10:

_______(18)

Bài 39:

Read the following passage taken from Microsoft Encarta and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks.

WHY DO ANIMALS GO EXTINCT?

Different kinds of animals have appeared and disappeared throughout Earth’s history. Some animals go extinct because the climate_______ (43) they live changes. The climate may become wetter or drier. It may become warmer or cooler. If the animals cannot change, or adapt, to the new climate, they die.

Some animals go extinct because they cannot_____ (44) with other animals for food. Some animals go extinct because they are killed by enemies. New kinds of animals are always evolving. Evolving means that the animals are changing_______ (45) from generation to generation. Small differences between parents, children, and grandchildren slowly add up over many, many generations. Eventually, a different kind of animal evolves.

Sometimes many of the animals on Earth go extinct at the_____ (46) time. Scientists call this a mass extinction. Scientists think there_______ (47) at least five mass extinctions in Earth‘s history. The last mass extinction happened about 65 million years ago. This mass extinction killed off the dinosaurs.

Câu hỏi số 1:

______(41)

Câu hỏi số 2:

______(44)

Câu hỏi số 3:

_______(45)

Câu hỏi số 4:

______(46)

Câu hỏi số 5:

________(47)

Bài 40:

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 62 to 71

The role of translation enabling literature to pass beyond its natural frontiers is receiving growing recognition. In view of the general increase in this (62) ____________, it is not surprising that many people with literary interests and a knowledge of languages should think of adopting translating as a full- or- part- time (63) __________. Some advice may usefully be given to such would- be- translators.

The first difficulty the beginner will (64) __________ is the unwillingness of publishers to entrust a translator to anyone who has not already (65) ________ a reputation for sound work. The least publishers will (66) _______ before commissioning a translator is a fairly lengthy (67) ____ of the applicant’s work, even if unpublished. Perhaps the best way the would-be translator can begin is to select some book of the type which he or she feels competent and eager to translate, translate a (68) _________ section of the book and then submit the book and the translation to a suitable publisher. If he or she is extremely lucky, this may result in a commission to translate the book. More probably, however, publishers will (69) _____ the book as such but if they are favorably (70) ____ by the translation, they may very possibly commission some other books of a (71) ____ nature which they already have in mind. 

Câu hỏi số 1:

__________ (62)

Câu hỏi số 2:

__________ (63)

Câu hỏi số 3:

__________ (64)

Câu hỏi số 4:

__________ (65)

Câu hỏi số 5:

__________ (66)

Câu hỏi số 6:

__________ (67)

Câu hỏi số 7:

__________ (68)

Câu hỏi số 8:

__________ (69)

Câu hỏi số 9:

__________ (70)

Câu hỏi số 10:

__________ (71)

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