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Dạng bài Điền từ vào đoạn văn lớp 12

Bài 1:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B,C or D on our answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the numbered blanks.

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural center. London is an (71               city. It is more than twenty centuries old. The population of London (72)               the suburbs is nine million people.

London is one of the biggest cities of the world and it is also an important port. It is (73)               on the banks of the river Thames, which divides the city into two large parts – the West End and the East End.

London (74)               for 30 miles from north to south and for 30 miles from east to west. Its most important  sections  are  the  City,  the  West  End  and  the  East  End.  The  City  is  a  small  part  of  London, (75)               it is the financial and business center of the country. There are many big banks and various offices here. The West End is the part of London (76)_             the rich people live. The houses, streets and parks are the  finest  in  the  capital.  The  best  theaters,  cinemas,  concert  halls,  large  museums,  hotels  and  big  shops (77)               here. The most beautiful London park  - Clyde Park is in this district too.

The East End is the poorest part of London. The workers and the poorest people live here. There are no beautiful houses and parks here. The East End is unattractive in (78)               but it is very important in the country’s economy.

Most of the government buildings are in Westminster. The Westminster Palace is the (79)               of the British Parliament.

There are many architectural, art and historical monuments and museums in London such as the famous British Museum, the National Gallery, St. Paul’s Cathedral, the Nelson Column and others. Thousands of tourists from all (80)               of the world come to see them.

Câu 1: _______(71)

A. old                    

B. ancient                     

C. antique                   

D. early

Câu 2: ________(72)

A. including        

B. consisting                 

C. containing              

D. composing

Câu 3: ____(73)

A. positioned      

B. placed                      

C. situated                  

D. put

Câu 4: ________(74)

A. lengthens          

B. extends                     

C. enlarges                 

D. stretches

Câu 5: _______(75)

A. but                  

B. although                   

C. whereas                  

D. while

Câu 6: ________(76)

A. for                

B. which                       

C. where                     

D. that

Câu 7: ________(77)

A. stand               

B. live                           

C. are founded

D. are hold

Câu 8: _______(78)

A. face           

B. surface                     

C. appearance             

D. figure

Câu 9: ________(79)

A. place                 

B. seat                           

C. head                       

D. office

Câu 10: _______(80)

A. areas                   

B. regions                     

C. sections                  

D. parts

Bài 2:

Read the passage and choose the best answer:

Clean freshwater resources are essential for drinking, bathing, cooking, irrigation, industry, and for plant and animal (36)_______. Unfortunately, the global supply of freshwater is (37)_______ unevenly. Chronic water shortages (38)_______ in most of Africa and drought is common over much of the globe. The (39)_______ of most freshwater supplies - groundwater (water located below the soil surface), reservoirs, and rivers - are under severe and (40)_______ environmental stress because of overuse, water pollution, and ecosystem degradation. Over 95 percent of urban sewage in (41)_______ countries is (42)_______ untreated into surface waters such as rivers and harbors.

About 65 percent of the global freshwater supply is used in (43)_______ and 25 percent is used in industry. Freshwater (44)_______ therefore requires a reduction in wasteful practices like (45)_______. irrigation, reforms in agriculture and industry, and strict pollution controls worldwide.

Câu 1: _______(36)

A. survive                      

B. survived                        

C. surviving                       

D. survival

Câu 2: _____(37)

A. delivered                           

B. distributed                    

C. provided                       

D. given

Câu 3: _____(38)

A. exist  

B. lie  

C. show         

D. stay

Câu 4: ______(39)

A. resources          

B. springs                           

C. sources                          

D. starting

Câu 5: ______(40)

A. increasing

B. growing    

C. climbing   

D. ascending

Câu 6: _____(41)

A. growing        

B. miserable

C. poverty     

D. developing

Câu 7: ________(42)

A. recharged      

B. discharged           

C. charged    

D. discharging

Câu 8: ______(43)

A.  farming                            

B. planting                         

C. agriculture      

D. growing

Câu 9: _______(44)

A. reservation 

B. conservation       

C. preservation        

D. retention

Câu 10: _____(45)

A. ineffective        

B. illogical                         

C. irrational                       

D. inefficient

Bài 3:

Read the passage and choose the best answer:

Within the last century the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (26)_______dramatically, largely (27)_______people burn vast amounts of fossil fuels, coal and petroleum and its derivatives. Average global temperature also has increased - by about 0.6 Celsius degree within (28)_______ past century.

Atmospheric scientists (29)_______found that at least half of that temperature increase (30)_______attributed to human activity. They predict that (31)_______dramatic action is taken, global temperature will continue (32)_______by between 1o C and 3.5o C (between 1.8° and 6.3° F) over the next century. Although (33)_______increase may not seem like a great difference, during The Last Ice Age the global temperature (34)_______only 2.2 Celsius degrees cooler than it (35)_______presently.

Câu 1: ______(26)

A. has risen     

B. rose           

C. has raised

D. raised

Câu 2: _______(27)

A. because of  

B. although   

C. despite      

D. because

Câu 3: _______(28)

A.  a                                        

B. some                              

C. the                                  

D. any

Câu 4: ______(29)

A. had                                  

B. have                               

C. are                                  

D. ought to

Câu 5: ______(30)

A. should be      

B. is being

C. had been

D. can be

Câu 6: _____(31)

A. unless         

B. if    

C. provided  

D. as long as

Câu 7: _____(32)

A. be rising                     

B. to rise                    

C. to be risen

D. to be rising

Câu 8: ______(33)

A. so much               

B. so                                   

C. such an

D. such

Câu 9: ______(34)

A. had been                 

B. has been                                              

C. is

D. was

Câu 10: ______(35)

A. is       

B. has been 

C. was            

D. will be

Bài 4:

Read the following passage carefully and then choose the best option to fit each space by circling the letter A, B, C or D.

Probably the most important ………(36)………governing the severity of forest fires is weather . Hot , dry weather lowers the moisture. Once a fire has started , wind is extremely critical ……(37)……….it influences the oxygen supply and the rate of spread. Foresttype and forest conditions …..(38)..…..also important factors. Some fires are caused by lightning; others are caused by people. Those caused by people may be …(39)…..or intentional  (incendiary). The causes of fire in the United Statess how large regional differences. In the Rocky Mountains, more than 70% of the fires are caused by lightning, whereas intentional fires mount to only about 1% . In ……(40)…….., more than 40% of the fires in the South are incendiary , whereas lightning causes only 1%.

Câu 1: _____(36)

A. fact                  

B. factor                       

C. act                            

D. action

Câu 2: ______(37)

A. although           

B. because                     

C. while                        

D. but

Câu 3: _______(38)

A. is                

B. are                                      

C. were                         

D. had been

Câu 4: ________(39)

A. accidence         

B. accident                    

C. accidental                 

D. accidentally

Câu 5: _____(40)

A. content              

B. consume                   

C. confine                     

D. contrast

Bài 5:

 Read the text and choose the words or phrase that best fits each space

We are all slowly destroying the earth. The seas and rivers are (19)……… dirty to swim in . There is so much smoke  in the air that it is (20)…… to live in many  of the world’s cities. In one well- known city, for example,(21)……. gases from cars pollute the air so much that traffic policemen have to (22)………………. Oxy masks.

We have cut down (23)……..  many trees that there are now vast areas of (24)…… all over the world . As a (25)… ,farmers in parts of Africa can’t grow enough to eat .In certain countries  in Asia, there is too (26)….. rice. Moreover, we do not take enough(27)……… of the countryside. Wild animals are  quickly (28)…… .For instance , tigers are rare in India now (29)…. We have killed too many for them to (30)………. However, it isn’t enough simply to talk about the problem. We must act now before it is too late to do anything about it .Join us now .Save the earth .

 

 

Câu 1: ______(19)

A. very         

B. too                     

C. much              

D. enough

Câu 2: ________(20)

A. unfit             

B. inappropriate     

C. unlikely          

D. unhealthy

Câu 3: ______(21)

A. poisonous 

B. serious               

C. bad                 

D. evil

Câu 4: ______(22)

A. take     

B. bring                

C. wear              

D. carry

Câu 5: _______(23)

A. so        

B. much                

C. too                 

D. enough

Câu 6: ______(24)

A. ground        

B. wasteland       

C. fields              

D. meadows

Câu 7: ______(25)

A. fact              

B. matter                

C. problem           

D.  result

Câu 8: ________(26)

A. little              

B. few                    

C. much                      

D. fewer

Câu 9: ________(27)

A. attention            

B. care                   

C. time                        

D. deny

Câu 10: _____(28)

A. escaping  

B. hiding             

C. running                     

D. disappearing

Câu 11: _______(29)

A. because   

B. when                

C. and              

D. so

Câu 12: ________(30)

A. die   

B. preserve                   

C. survive           

D. continue

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