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Dạng bài Điền từ vào đoạn văn lớp 12

Bài 1:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.

NEIGHBORS INFLUENCE BUYING DECISIONS

    However objective we believe ourselves to be, most of us do not judge a product solely on its merits, considering quality, value and style before making a decision. (61)___, we are easily influenced by the people around us.

   There is nothing (62)____ with this. It is probably a smarter way to make decisions than (63)___ on only our own opinions. But it does make life hard for companies. They have long understood that groups of friends and relatives tend to buy the same products, but understanding the reasons has been tricky. It is because they are so similar with (64)____ to how much money they make and what television ads they watch that they independently (65)___ at the same decision? Or do they copy one another, perhaps (66)___ envy or perhaps because they have shared information about the products?

   Research in Finland recently found overwhelming evidence that neighbours have a big influence on buying decisions. When one of a person’s ten nearest neighbours bought a car, the chances that that person would buy a car of the same brand during the next week and a half (67)____ by 86 per cent. The researchers argued that it was not just a (68)__ of envy. Used cars seemed to attract neighbours even more than new cars. This suggested that people were not trying to (69)___ up with their neighbours, they were keen to learn from them. Since used cars are less reliable, a recommendation of one can (70)____influence a buying decision.

Câu 1: ______(61)

A. What’s more           

B. Instead   

C. Unlike  

D. In place

Câu 2: ______(62)

A. wrong  

B. silly   

C. bad 

D. daft

Câu 3: ______(63)

A. basing 

B. trusting 

C. supposing 

D. relying

Câu 4: ______(64)

A. connection   

B. regard   

C. relation  

D. concern

Câu 5: ______(65)

A. reach    

B. come 

C. arrive  

D. get

Câu 6: ______(66)

A. for   

B. as to                        

C. out of

D. about

Câu 7: ______(67)

A. boosted    

B. rose

C. enlarged     

D. lifted

Câu 8: ______(68)

A. thing  

B. point  

C. matter   

D. fact

Câu 9: ______(69)

A. keep   

B. stay   

C. hold    

D. follow

Câu 10: ______(70)

A. fiercely  

B. strongly    

C. firmly  

D. intensely

Bài 2:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the following blanks.

     The Great Wall (16)_______ for 5,000 kilometers across China from the East coast to the Gobi Desert. This biggest of all building projects was begun 2,000 years ago during Qin Dynasty. (17)_______built walls were all joined up to form one huge line, supposedly to (18)_______any invading nomads. The project used thousands of workers, many of (19)_______ were prisoners. (20)_______180 million cubic meters of earth were used to form the wall’s core.

     The wall was not particularly successful as a deterrent to invaders. However, it was very useful as a kind of ancient, elevated motorway. Men and equipment could be (21)_______ moved along the wall, through the previously inhospitable, mountainous land.

    Also, a very useful communication system was developed between the different sections of the wall. Smoke signals were used (22)_______messages quickly anywhere along the wall’s length.

     Now, the Great Wall is China’s most popular (23)_______. It has suffered some decay and destruction over the centuries. Parts have been worn away by the wind and weather. Other sections have been destroyed by local peasants who carried off the materials to make their own homes. However, the wall is still a (n) (24)_______ sight, and a lasting monument to the (25)______Chinese civilization that created it.

Câu 1: ___________(16)

A. stretches  

B. lengthens 

C. balances 

D. lasts

Câu 2: ___________(17)

A. Detachedly

B. Separately  

C. Privately 

D. Individually

Câu 3: ___________(18)

A. keep on 

B. keep out   

C. keep from 

D. drive away 

Câu 4: ___________(19)

A. who

B. which 

C. whom  

D. them 

Câu 5: ___________(20)

A.  Or so

B. Somewhat

C. Around 

D. Approximate 

Câu 6: ___________(21)

A. easily  

B. difficultly 

C. easier

D. quicker

Câu 7: ___________(22)

A. to sending

B. to take 

C. to send

D. to taking 

Câu 8: ___________(23)

A. tour guide 

B. tourist business

C. tourist centre  

D. tourist attraction 

Câu 9: ___________(24)

A. delighting

B. scaring  

C. boring

D. amazing 

Câu 10: ___________(25)

A. antique

B. old 

C. aged

D. ancient

Bài 3:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 41 to 50.

  The PBT is a pencil and (41) _______ test that is offered for two purposes. One purpose of the PBT is for (42) _______ and process evaluation. Colleges or other institutions use the PBT to test their students. The scores are not valid outside of the place where they are (43)  _______,   but the college or institution accepts the PBT that they administered as an official score. This PBT is also (44) _______ an Intitution TOEFL. The (45) _______ purpose of the PBT is (46) _______ the official Computer-Based TOEFL in areas where computer-based testing is not possible. The scores are usually valid outside of the place where they are administered. This PBT is also called a Supplement TOEFL.

  The Paper-Based TOEFL has three parts: Listening Comprehension, Structure and Written  Expression, and Reading. (47) _______, the TEST of Written English (TWE) is an essay that is required to provide a (48) _______ score. The PBT is a (49) _______ test, which means that  everyone who takes the TOEFL during the same administration will see and answer the same questions. The (50) _______ score is based on a scale of 310-677.

Câu 1: _________(41)

A. note-paper                        

B. letter  

C. draft   

D. paper

Câu 2: _________(42)

A. place  

B. placing

C. placement 

D. placeability

Câu 3: _________(43)

A. administered  

B. managed  

C. controlled 

D. protected

Câu 4: _________(44)

A. called 

B. seemed  

C. considered   

D. appeared

Câu 5: _________(45)

A. some

B. other

C. another

D. main

Câu 6: _________(46)

A. supplement 

B. to supplement      

C. supplementing

D. supplemented

Câu 7: _________(47)

A. In other words                 

B. On the other hand     

C. Besides  

D. In addition

Câu 8: _________(48)

A. reading  

B. speaking

C. listening

D. writing

Câu 9: _________(49)

A. style    

B. form 

C. standard   

D. linear

Câu 10: _________(50)

A. total    

B. final

C. whole 

D. all

Bài 4:

Read the following passage taken from Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 8th edition, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 56 to 65.

THE VIETNAM WAR

   Like the Korean War, the Vietnam War was a result of US policy during the Cold War, a period when Americans believed that Communism, the political system in the Soviet Union and China, was a threat to their ___(56) ___ and power.

   Vietnam, a colony of France, wanted to become independent, but the US believed that Communists were behind the ___(57) ___ movement, and so opposed it. The US became ___(58) ___ in Vietnam only gradually. At first, under President Eisenhower, it provided the French with supplies. In 1954 the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into the Communist North and the anti-Communist South. Under President Kennedy, in the early 1960s, many US soldiers were sent to the South ___(59) ___ advisers. In 1964, after an attack on US ships, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which gave President Johnson greater powers to fight a war, and in the spring of 1965 Marines were sent to South Vietnam.

   It was easy to keep the Communist forces, called the National Liberation Front or the Viet Cong,___(60) ___ South Vietnam, but much ___(61) ___ to defeat them. The US used bombs against the Vietnamese troops, and chemicals to destroy crops, which had a terrible effect on people as well as on the land. There were also reports of atrocities (= acts of extreme violence and cruelty ) committed by both sides. In 1968 the My Lai massacre, in which over 300 civilians were killed by US soldiers, ___(62) ___ Americans at home. Many US soldiers were not sure ___(63) ___ they were fighting the war and became traumatized by the violence around them. Discipline became a problem, and the use of drugs was common. Soldiers were accused of committing acts of violence against each other and against Vietnamese civilians.

    In 1968 the Viet Cong started a major attack, and the US position in South Vietnam was threatened. As the war escalated it lost support at home and also in other countries. When Richard Nixon became President he ___(64) ___tried to attack hard and force the Viet Cong to come to an agreement. The war then spread to Vietnam’s neighbour, Cambodia. Finally, in 1972, Nixon sent Henry Kissinger to negotiate a ceasefire, and afterwards the US was no longer directly involved in the war, though it continued to provide supplies. In 1975 the government of South Vietnam fell and the country was ___(65) ___ by the Communist forces.

Câu 1: ________(56)

A. security

B. assurance   

C. safe  

D. save

Câu 2: ________(57)

A. independent

B. dependence   

C. independence  

D. dependent

Câu 3: ________(58)

A. to have involved   

B. involving  

C. to be involved       

D. involved

Câu 4: ________(59)

A. to    

B. such as                   

C. as    

D. than

Câu 5: ________(60)

A. out of              

B. away from             

C. into 

D. up with

Câu 6: ________(61)

A. stronger   

B. greater     

C. sharper    

D. harder

Câu 7: ________(62)

A. were shocked  

B. shocked    

C. shock      

D. had shocked

Câu 8: ________(63)

A. where     

B. why    

C. how     

D. what

Câu 9: ________(64)

A. at first             

B. last       

C. first   

D. at last

Câu 10: ________(65)

A. taken over       

B. brought in              

C. come round           

D. put up  

Bài 5:

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 66 đến 75.

Owning a car

   Owning a car has several advantages. (66) ________ you can go wherever you want, whenever you want. You don’t have to depend on public transport and (67) ________  you feel more independent. (68) ________  you are able to give lifts to friends, or carry heavy loads of shopping. (69) ________  there can be problems, especially if you live in a city. Running a car can be expensive, and you have to spend money on items (70) ________  petrol, servicing the car, and repairs.  You might also have problem with parking, as every where is more and more crowded with cars. (71) ________,  most people feel that the advantages of owning a car outweigh the disadvantages.

   (72) ________  most young people of my age start driving as soon as they can. (73) ________  I think that cars nowadays have become more essential, but I also feel that they cause a lot of problems, (74) ________  they are noisy and dirty. (75) ________  the large numbers of cars on the roads means that most town and cities are organized for the convinience of cars, and the needs of pedestrians are ignored.

Câu 1: ________(66) 

A. First of all              

B. As a result                

C. Personally  

D. Besides this

Câu 2: ________(67) 

A. however        

B. personally     

C. since   

D. as a result

Câu 3: ________(68) 

A. In contrast              

B. In my view               

C. Besides this           

D. However

Câu 4: ________(69) 

A. On the other hand  

B. To sum up                 

C. Thus 

D. For example

Câu 5: ________(70) 

A. as  

B. such as                      

C. owning to              

D. then

Câu 6: ________(71) 

A. Finally   

B. Secondly 

C. However   

D. As

Câu 7: ________(72) 

A. For 

B. Next    

C. As well as this       

D. Consequently

Câu 8: ________(73) 

A. For example            

B. Personally   

C. Nevertheless    

D. In comparison

Câu 9: ________(74) 

A. for example             

B. however      

C. thus    

D. since

Câu 10: ________(75) 

A. As a result               

B. Moreover     

C. Personally 

D. In comparison

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