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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 10

Bài 21:

Read the letter and answer the questions

Dear Mom,

This is just a quick note to tell you how the holiday is going.

We’re staying in a nice hotel in a quiet part of town, so you can imagine how we feel. As you know, this is a small city, and the people are very kind and friendly. We have had some good weather since we got here, so we are feeling very happy. We have seen some of the beautiful sights and a few museums, and we thought they were very impressive. Yesterday we decided to go for a swim, and we went to a nice beach where the water was blue and clean. Last night, we had a delicious meal in a wonderful restaurant. The food and services were excellent. When the bill came, we could hardly believe it, as it was so cheap. As our hobbies are sightseeing and swimming, we enjoyed the holiday so much.

Anyway, I’d better stop, but I’ll write again soon.

Love,

Mary & John

Câu hỏi số 1:

Where are Mary and John staying?

Câu hỏi: 42505

Câu hỏi số 2:

What are the people in the city like?

Câu hỏi: 42506

Câu hỏi số 3:

Has the weather been very bad there?

Câu hỏi: 42507

Câu hỏi số 4:

Where did Mary and John go for a swim?

Câu hỏi: 42508

Câu hỏi số 5:

Did they pay a lot for their delicious meal ?

Câu hỏi: 42509

Bài 22:

Read, then answer the questions below

      Mozart, who was born on January 27, 1756 in the Austrian city of Salzburg, was neither the first nor the last child prodigy, but he was certainly the greatest. He was born into a moderately prosperous family where his unmatched musical genius made itself known extremely early. Mozart began learning to play the harpsichord at three and his earliest known work was composed in 1761 when he was five, the age at which he also first appeared in public. From the age of six, when his father took him on the first foreign tour, Mozart toured the courts and musical centres of Austria, Germany, France, England, Holland, Switzerland and Italy. It has been calculated that Mozart spent almost a third of his short life - he died at the age of 35 - travelling. As Mozart matured, he continued to tour and give concerts. Mozart also wrote a lot of operas. His first opera, Mitridate, Re di Ponto, was performed in Milan when he was 14, and it was the first of many successes in the theatre.

Câu hỏi số 1:

How rich was Mozart’s family?

Câu hỏi: 42268

Câu hỏi số 2:

When did he take the first step into the world of music as a composer?

Câu hỏi: 42269

Câu hỏi số 3:

What did he do on his first tour to some major European countries?

Câu hỏi: 42270

Câu hỏi số 4:

Why is it possible to name Mozart “A travelling composer”?

Câu hỏi: 42271

Câu hỏi số 5:

What expression in the passage means “an exceptionally clever child”?

Câu hỏi: 42272

Bài 23:

True or false?

    Air pollution is a serious problem in many cities. Motor vehicles, factories and other sources create so much air pollution that it may hang in the air like dirty fog. Air pollution threatens the health of the people who live in cities. City wastes cause water pollution when they are poured into the waterways. These wastes kill fish and make some areas unfit for swimming. In addition, many large cities have difficulties in disposing of their garbage. The amount of garbage grows each year, but places to put it are quickly filling up. Citizens, governments, industries, scientists, and business people must work together in different ways to gradually reduce pollution. For example, most cities have introduced recycling programmes.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Motor vehicles and factories are among some sources of air pollution.

Câu hỏi: 42182

Câu hỏi số 2:

Air pollution doesn't endanger people's health in some cities.

Câu hỏi: 42183

Câu hỏi số 3:

Air pollution is the only problem of the environment mentioned in this passage.

Câu hỏi: 42184

Câu hỏi số 4:

Garbage disposal is a problem in many large cities.

Câu hỏi: 42185

Câu hỏi số 5:

Everyone must cooperate to reduce pollution.

Câu hỏi: 42186

Câu hỏi số 6:

We can reduce pollution by recycling programmes only.

Câu hỏi: 42187

Bài 24:

Read the text carefully , then answer the questions. (2ms)

      I live in a small village called Henfield. There are about 500 people here. The village is quiet and life here is slow and easy. You never have to queue in shops or banks. People never throw their rubbish in the streets , so the village is always clean.The  air is also very clean because there’s not much heavy traffic. It’s much more friendly here than in a city. Everyone knows everyone and if someone has a problem, there are always people who can help. However, there are some things I don’t like about Henfield. One thing is that there’s not much to do in the evening . We haven't got any cinemas or theaters. Another problem is that people always talk about each other and  everyone knows what everyone is doing . But I still prefer village life to life in a big city.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Where does the writer live?

Câu hỏi: 41575

Câu hỏi số 2:

Do villagers have to queue in shops or banks ?

Câu hỏi: 41576

Câu hỏi số 3:

Why is the air clean?

Câu hỏi: 41577

Câu hỏi số 4:

Are the villagers very friendly and helpful?

Câu hỏi: 41578

Bài 25:

Đọc đoạn văn rồi trả lời câu hỏi (2đ)

   Last Sunday , Nam went on excursion to Oxford .He get up early and took a bus , so he arrived there on time . In the morning , he visited the National Gallery , Big Ben and the Hyde Park . In the afternoon , he bought a dictionary and a small disc with the words “Oxford University” . He met some English students in the bookshop .He was happy to practice speaking English with many foreigners .Although he felt tired ,he all had a nice day.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Where did Nam go last Sunday ?

Câu hỏi: 41449

Câu hỏi số 2:

How did he go there ?

Câu hỏi: 41450

Câu hỏi số 3:

Where did he meet some English students ?

Câu hỏi: 41451

Câu hỏi số 4:

What did he do with some foreigners ?

Câu hỏi: 41452

Bài 26:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

It’s often said that we learn things at the wrong time. University students frequently do the minimum of work because they’re crazy about a good social life instead. Children often scream before their piano practice because it’s so boring. They have to be given gold stars and medals to be persuaded to swim, or have to be bribed to take exams. But the story is different when you’re older.

Over the years, l’ve done my share of adult learning. At 30, l went to a college and did courses in History and English. It was an amazing experience. For starters, I was paying, so there was no reason to be late - I was the one frowning and drumming my fingers if the tutor was late. not the other way round. lndeed. if I could persuade him to linger for an extra five minutes, it was a bonus, not a nuisance. I wasn‘t frightened to ask questions, and homework was a pleasure not a pain. When I passed an exam, I had passed it for me and me alone. not for my parents or my teachers. The satisfaction I got was entirely personal.

Some people fear going back to school because they worry that their brains have got rusty. But the joy is that, although some parts have rusted up, your brain has learnt all kinds of other things since you were young. It has learnt to think independently and flexibly and is much better at relating one thing to another. What you lose in the rust department, you gain in the maturity department.

In some ways, age is a positive plus. For instance, when you‘re older, you get less frustrated. Experience has told you that. if you’re calm and simply do something carefully again and again. eventually you‘ll get the hang of it. The confidence you have in other areas - from being able to drive a car. perhaps - means that if you can’t, say, build a chair instantly, you don’t. like a child. want to destroy your first pathetic attempts. Maturity tells you that you will, with application, eventually get there.

I hated piano lessons at school, but I was good at music. And coming back to it, with a teacher who could explain why certain exercises were useful and with musical concepts that. at the age often, I could never grasp, was magical. Initially. I did feel a bit strange, thumping out a piece that I’d played for my school exams, with just as little comprehension of what the composer intended as I'd had all those years before. But soon, complex emotions that I never knew poured out from my fingers, and suddenly I could understand why practice makes perfect.

Câu hỏi số 1:

It is implied in paragraph I that_____

Câu hỏi số 2:

The writer’s main point in paragraph 2 is to show that as people grow up,____

Câu hỏi số 3:

The phrase “For starters" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by____

Câu hỏi số 4:

While doing some adult learning courses at a college, the writer was surprised______

Câu hỏi số 5:

In paragraph 3, the word “rusty" means______

Câu hỏi số 6:

The phrase "get there" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to____

Câu hỏi số 7:

All of the following are true about adult learning EXCEPT_______

Câu hỏi số 8:

It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that maturity is a positive plus in the learning process because adult learners_____

Câu hỏi số 9:

It is implied in the last paragraph that when you learn later in life, you_____

Câu hỏi số 10:

What is the writer’s main purpose in the passage?

Bài 27:

Đọc bài văn sau và chọn đáp án đúng nhất cho các câu hỏi từ41 đến 50.   

     Psychologists have debated a long time about whether a child’s upbringing can give it the ability to do outstandingly well. Some think that it is impossible to develop genius and say that it is simply something a person is born with. Others, however, argue that the potential for great achievement can be developed. The truth lies somewhere between these two extremes.     

      It seems very obvious that being born with the right qualities from gifted parents will increase a child’s ability to do well. However, this ability will be fully realized only with the right upbringing and opportunities. As one psychologist says, “To have afast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.” Scientists have recently assessed intelligence, achievement, and ability in 50 sets of identical twinsthat were separated shortly after birth and brought up by different parents. They found that achievement was based on intelligence, and later influenced by the child’s environment.     

     One case involving very intelligent twins was quoted. One of the twins received a normal upbringing, and performed well. The other twin, however, was brought up by extremely supportive parents and given every possible opportunity to develop its abilities. That win, though starting out with the same degree of intelligence as the other, performed even better.     

     This case reflects the general principle of intelligence and ability. The more favorable the environment, the more a child’s intelligence and ability are developed. However, there is no link between intelligence and the socioeconomic level of a child’s family. In other words, it does not matter how poor or how rich a family is, as this does not affect intelligence.      Gifted people cannot be created by supportive parents, but they can be developed by them. One professor of music said that outstanding musicians usually started two or three years earlier than ordinary performers, often because their parents had recognized their ability. These musicians then needed at least ten years’ hard work and training in order to reach the level they were capable of attaining.      

     People who want to have very gifted children are given the following advice: - Marry an intelligent person.

- Allow children to follow their own interests rather than the interests of the parents. - Start a child’s education early but avoid pushing the child too hard.

- Encourage children to play; for example, playingwith musical instruments is essential for a child  who wants to become an outstanding musician.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The upbringing of highly intelligent children requires _____.

Câu hỏi: 36755

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “Others” used in the first paragraph refers to _____.

Câu hỏi: 36756

Câu hỏi số 3:

When scientists studied intelligence and ability in twins, they found that ___________

Câu hỏi: 36757

Câu hỏi số 4:

Scientists chose twins for their study because ____________________.

Câu hỏi: 36758

Câu hỏi số 5:

How were great musicians different from ordinary musicians in their development?

Câu hỏi: 36759

Câu hỏi số 6:

The writer advises that gifted children should beallowed to follow _____.

Câu hỏi: 36760

Câu hỏi số 7:

When encouraging their gifted children, parents should avoid __________

Câu hỏi: 36761

Câu hỏi số 8:

The remark: “To have a fast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.” in the passage means that in order to become a genius, ___________________.

Câu hỏi: 36762

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “favorable” in the passage mostly means ___________.

Câu hỏi: 36763

Câu hỏi số 10:

All of the following statements are true EXCEPT_____________.

Câu hỏi: 36764

Bài 28:

Read the following passage then choose the best answer by circling its corresponding A, B, C or D.

The thing I like most about living on a farm when I was small was the change of seasons. Spring, summer, autumn and winter - I could see them all come and go and each one was completely different. If I hadn't been born and raised in the country. I would have never been able to tell the difference - now in the city, you can buy summer flowers in winter and eat the same vegetables all the year round! Whereas, in the country, I could only eat things at certain times of the year - for example strawberries in June and turnips in winter. I lived my childhood with the seasons.

Also we made most of our food and would never eat frozen or tinned food. Everything was fresh - so it must be better than the type of food I am taking now in the city. City people may think people in the country miss a lot of good things about modem life, but in my opinion they miss a lot more than them - they miss real life.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What is the main idea of the passage?

Câu hỏi: 31679

Câu hỏi số 2:

 According to the author, the seasons on the farm were

Câu hỏi: 31680

Câu hỏi số 3:

What can be inferred from the passage about the experience of seasons in a year for the city people?

Câu hỏi: 31681

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word "them" in line 9 refers _______

Câu hỏi: 31682

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the passage, all the followings are true EXCEPT that_____

Câu hỏi: 31683

Bài 29:

Read the following passage. Then answer the questions below.

Every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions. In Britain traditions play a more important part in the life of the people than in other countries. Englishmen are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up.

It has been a law for about 300 years that all theaters are closed on Sundays. No letters are delivered, only a few Sunday papers are pulished.

To this day an English family prefers a house with a garden to a flat in a modern house with central heating. English people like gardens. Sometimes the garden in front of the house is a little square covered with cement painted green in imitation of grass and a box of flowers.

Holidays are especially rich in old traditions and are different in Scotland,Ireland and England. Christmas is a great English national holiday, and in Scotland it is not kept, except by clerks in banks and all shops and factories are working.

Câu hỏi số 1:

How important are traditions in Britain?

Câu hỏi: 31557

Câu hỏi số 2:

What do Englishmen do to their traditions?

Câu hỏi: 31558

Câu hỏi số 3:

Which does an English family prefer, a house with a garden or a flat?

Câu hỏi: 31559

Câu hỏi số 4:

Find a sentence in the passage which shows that the English people like garden very much?

Câu hỏi: 31560

Câu hỏi số 5:

 How Christmas is kept in Scotland?

Câu hỏi: 31561

Bài 30:

Đọc kĩ đoạn văn sau và chọn đáp án đúng cho mỗi câu.

Almost all our energy comes from oil, coal and natural gas. We call them fossil fuels. The earth’s fossil fuels are running out. What would happen if there were no oil, coal and gas on earth?

Scientists are trying to find and use other alternative sources of energy. We can use energy from the sun, the wind and the water.

Solar energy is unlimited. It supplies all the energy used to grow plants, to evaporate water for rain, and to maintain the temperature of the planet. All are necessary for human life. If we’re able to collect solar energy, we’ll be sure to make good use of this abundant source of power.

Another source of energy from nature is the wind. Wind power is clean and plentiful. Energy from the wind has been used for centuries to move ships, grind grain, pump water and do other kinds of work. In more recent time, wind power has been used to generate electricity.

Water can also provide power. For a long time, people have used water to power machines. Some early uses of water power were to mill grain, saw wood and power machinery for the textile industry. Today water power is mostly used to generate electricity.

Câu hỏi số 1:

We are asking the question “What would happen if there were no oil, coal and gas on earth" because...................

Câu hỏi: 30988

Câu hỏi số 2:

Which of the following pairs of words can be used alternatively?

Câu hỏi: 30989

Câu hỏi số 3:

Centuries ago, people used wind power......................

Câu hỏi: 30990

Câu hỏi số 4:

Up till now, water energy has been used ....................

Câu hỏi: 30991

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word “abundant” in the paragraph mostly means...................

Câu hỏi: 30992

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