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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 10

Bài 41:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Watching for wildlife in the forest, we rarely see past the surface of things. Standing on the ground floor, we scan the leafy rafters, entirely overlooking the leaving world in the soil beneath our feet.

The forest’s basement is a secret world. Different from our own world, the soil seems quiet, even dead. But life bustles down below: a cubic inch of topsoil may contain billions of creatures.

Predators and prey roam beneath as well as above the forest floor. Furthermore, those upstairs and downstairs forest denizens live closely linked lives. Soil-dwelling bacteria and fungi break down dead organic matter into molecules that plants above ground use for food. Those plants, as well as animals, mature and die, leaving more organic matter to fuel the folks downstairs.

Like a well-insulated house, the soil protects its tenants from extreme temperatures, and from rain and snow. it also provides a bulwark against predators from the surface world. But the dense, protecting soil also limits mobility. Soil creatures must be specially equipped in order to travel easily through their dark, constricting realm.

Earthworms and ants are the champion earth-movers, creating channels that allow air and water to enter the soil. While ants travel relatively far from their nests, earthworms work small areas, reprocessing vast amounts of soil into fertile “waste". In a single year, as much as 36 tons of soil may pass through the alimentary tracts of all the earthworms living in an acre of soil.

Notes:

- denizen (n): an animal, plant or person that lives in or is often in a particular place.

- mature (v): to become completely grown physically or developed mentally.

- fuel (v): to supply a system with a substance which can be burnt to provide heat or power.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The main topic of this passage is_______

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “bustles" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to________

Câu hỏi số 3:

It can be inferred from the passage that the forest soil is______

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word “linked" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to______-

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the passage, what is the main function of bacteria and fungi?

Câu hỏi số 6:

The word “bulwark” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 7:

 According to the passage, the soil offers creatures that live underground protection from all the following EXCEPT______

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, it could be expected that ants______

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “reprocessing” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 10:

Which analogy (= a comparison) does the author use to discuss the soil of the forest?

Bài 42:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is brightest of the planets apart from Venus, though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. Jupiter’s less than ten-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 30, less than that for any other planet.

The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. It has shown variations in both intensity and color, and at times it has been invisible, but it always returns after a few years. At its greatest extent may be 40,000 kilometers long and 14,000 kilometers wide, so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. Though the latitude of the Great Red Spot varies little, it drifts about in longitude. Over the past century, the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. The latitude is generally very close to 22°. lt was once thought that the Great Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter’s outer gas. However, the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Great Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. lts longevity may well be due to its exceptional size, but there are signs that it is decreasing in size, and it may not be permanent. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted.

Notes:

- refute (v):  to say or prove that a person, statement, opinion, etc, is wrong or false.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The main purpose of the passage is_____

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to the passage, Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because_____

Câu hỏi số 3:

The author’s tone in this passage is_______

Câu hỏi số 4:

According to the passage, Mars outshines Jupiter_______

Câu hỏi số 5:

This passage would be of most interest to______

Câu hỏi số 6:

It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter’s Great Red Spot_____

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “intensity" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced with______

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, all of the following are true about Jupiter EXCEPT______

Câu hỏi số 9:

Where in the passage does the author mention the theory about the Great Red Spot that has been disproved?

Câu hỏi số 10:

The word “it” in the second sentence of paragraph 1 refers to_____

Bài 43:

Read the passage and write your answers to the questions given. (5 pts)

     Uri Geller was born in 1946. When he was only three, he was aware that he had an amazing ability. In 1969, he gave his first performance in a school. He gently rubbed a spoon with his fingers, and it began to bend. Three years later, he drove a car blindfolded through the crowded streets of Munich. Later Uri Geller appeared on television in Britain in front of a small studio audience of scientists. He bent spoons and broke metal objects simply by touching them gently with his fingers. He also drew pictures of hidden objects. After the programme, however. there were hundreds of telephone calls. People reported that spoons in their homes bent during the programme. Metal objects broke, and watches which had stopped many years before suddenly started to go again.

Câu hỏi số 1:

In what year did Uri Geller find himself with an amazing ability?

Câu hỏi: 24604

Câu hỏi số 2:

Where did his first performance take place?

Câu hỏi: 24605

Câu hỏi số 3:

What could he do with his amazing ability when he appeared on television in Britain?

Câu hỏi: 24606

Câu hỏi số 4:

What happened after he appeared on television in Britain?

Câu hỏi: 24607

Câu hỏi số 5:

What did people want to tell him?

Câu hỏi: 24608

Bài 44:

Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.

Coal, oil, and natural gas supply modern civilization with most of its power. However, not only are supplies of these fuels limited, but they are a major source of pollution. Therefore, it's important to improve, explore and develop such alternative energy sources as nuclear, water, solar and wind power. Each of these alternatives, however, has advantages and disadvantages.

Nuclear power plants efficiently produce large amounts of electricity without polluting the atmosphere; however, they are costly to build and maintain, and they create the difficult problem of what to do with nuclear waste. Hydroelectric power is inexpensive and environmentally safe, but impractical for communities located far from moving water. Wind power is a pollution-free source of renewable energy but it cannot be used in many parts of the world where there is insufficient wind. Solar power is renewable, it does not cause pollution and it does not add the earth's heat load. However, it is difficult to collect and store. Solar power also requires expensive equipment. 

Câu hỏi số 1:

Coal, oil and natural gas____________________.

Câu hỏi: 20477

Câu hỏi số 2:

Nuclear power plants________________.

Câu hỏi: 20478

Câu hỏi số 3:

Wind power___________.

Câu hỏi: 20479

Câu hỏi số 4:

What is the advantage of these alternatives?

Câu hỏi: 20480

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