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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 10

Bài 1:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

It’s often said that we learn things at the wrong time. University students frequently do the minimum of work because they’re crazy about a good social life instead. Children often scream before their piano practice because it’s so boring. They have to be given gold stars and medals to be persuaded to swim, or have to be bribed to take exams. But the story is different when you’re older.

Over the years, l’ve done my share of adult learning. At 30, l went to a college and did courses in History and English. It was an amazing experience. For starters, I was paying, so there was no reason to be late - I was the one frowning and drumming my fingers if the tutor was late. not the other way round. lndeed. if I could persuade him to linger for an extra five minutes, it was a bonus, not a nuisance. I wasn‘t frightened to ask questions, and homework was a pleasure not a pain. When I passed an exam, I had passed it for me and me alone. not for my parents or my teachers. The satisfaction I got was entirely personal.

Some people fear going back to school because they worry that their brains have got rusty. But the joy is that, although some parts have rusted up, your brain has learnt all kinds of other things since you were young. It has learnt to think independently and flexibly and is much better at relating one thing to another. What you lose in the rust department, you gain in the maturity department.

In some ways, age is a positive plus. For instance, when you‘re older, you get less frustrated. Experience has told you that. if you’re calm and simply do something carefully again and again. eventually you‘ll get the hang of it. The confidence you have in other areas - from being able to drive a car. perhaps - means that if you can’t, say, build a chair instantly, you don’t. like a child. want to destroy your first pathetic attempts. Maturity tells you that you will, with application, eventually get there.

I hated piano lessons at school, but I was good at music. And coming back to it, with a teacher who could explain why certain exercises were useful and with musical concepts that. at the age often, I could never grasp, was magical. Initially. I did feel a bit strange, thumping out a piece that I’d played for my school exams, with just as little comprehension of what the composer intended as I'd had all those years before. But soon, complex emotions that I never knew poured out from my fingers, and suddenly I could understand why practice makes perfect.

Câu hỏi số 1:

It is implied in paragraph I that_____

Câu hỏi số 2:

The writer’s main point in paragraph 2 is to show that as people grow up,____

Câu hỏi số 3:

The phrase “For starters" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by____

Câu hỏi số 4:

While doing some adult learning courses at a college, the writer was surprised______

Câu hỏi số 5:

In paragraph 3, the word “rusty" means______

Câu hỏi số 6:

The phrase "get there" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to____

Câu hỏi số 7:

All of the following are true about adult learning EXCEPT_______

Câu hỏi số 8:

It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that maturity is a positive plus in the learning process because adult learners_____

Câu hỏi số 9:

It is implied in the last paragraph that when you learn later in life, you_____

Câu hỏi số 10:

What is the writer’s main purpose in the passage?

Bài 2:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Watching for wildlife in the forest, we rarely see past the surface of things. Standing on the ground floor, we scan the leafy rafters, entirely overlooking the leaving world in the soil beneath our feet.

The forest’s basement is a secret world. Different from our own world, the soil seems quiet, even dead. But life bustles down below: a cubic inch of topsoil may contain billions of creatures.

Predators and prey roam beneath as well as above the forest floor. Furthermore, those upstairs and downstairs forest denizens live closely linked lives. Soil-dwelling bacteria and fungi break down dead organic matter into molecules that plants above ground use for food. Those plants, as well as animals, mature and die, leaving more organic matter to fuel the folks downstairs.

Like a well-insulated house, the soil protects its tenants from extreme temperatures, and from rain and snow. it also provides a bulwark against predators from the surface world. But the dense, protecting soil also limits mobility. Soil creatures must be specially equipped in order to travel easily through their dark, constricting realm.

Earthworms and ants are the champion earth-movers, creating channels that allow air and water to enter the soil. While ants travel relatively far from their nests, earthworms work small areas, reprocessing vast amounts of soil into fertile “waste". In a single year, as much as 36 tons of soil may pass through the alimentary tracts of all the earthworms living in an acre of soil.

Notes:

- denizen (n): an animal, plant or person that lives in or is often in a particular place.

- mature (v): to become completely grown physically or developed mentally.

- fuel (v): to supply a system with a substance which can be burnt to provide heat or power.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The main topic of this passage is_______

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “bustles" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to________

Câu hỏi số 3:

It can be inferred from the passage that the forest soil is______

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word “linked" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to______-

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the passage, what is the main function of bacteria and fungi?

Câu hỏi số 6:

The word “bulwark” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 7:

 According to the passage, the soil offers creatures that live underground protection from all the following EXCEPT______

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, it could be expected that ants______

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “reprocessing” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 10:

Which analogy (= a comparison) does the author use to discuss the soil of the forest?

Bài 3:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is brightest of the planets apart from Venus, though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. Jupiter’s less than ten-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 30, less than that for any other planet.

The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. It has shown variations in both intensity and color, and at times it has been invisible, but it always returns after a few years. At its greatest extent may be 40,000 kilometers long and 14,000 kilometers wide, so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. Though the latitude of the Great Red Spot varies little, it drifts about in longitude. Over the past century, the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. The latitude is generally very close to 22°. lt was once thought that the Great Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter’s outer gas. However, the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Great Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. lts longevity may well be due to its exceptional size, but there are signs that it is decreasing in size, and it may not be permanent. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted.

Notes:

- refute (v):  to say or prove that a person, statement, opinion, etc, is wrong or false.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The main purpose of the passage is_____

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to the passage, Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because_____

Câu hỏi số 3:

The author’s tone in this passage is_______

Câu hỏi số 4:

According to the passage, Mars outshines Jupiter_______

Câu hỏi số 5:

This passage would be of most interest to______

Câu hỏi số 6:

It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter’s Great Red Spot_____

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “intensity" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced with______

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, all of the following are true about Jupiter EXCEPT______

Câu hỏi số 9:

Where in the passage does the author mention the theory about the Great Red Spot that has been disproved?

Câu hỏi số 10:

The word “it” in the second sentence of paragraph 1 refers to_____

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