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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 6:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

The White House, the official home of the United States president, was not built in time for George Washington to live in it. It was begun in 1792 and was ready for its first inhabitants. President and Mrs. John Adams, who moved in on November 1, 1800. When the Adamses moved in, the White House was not yet complete, and the Adamses suffered many inconveniences; for example, the main staircase was incomplete, which hindered movement from floor to floor, and the future laundry yard was merely a pool of mud, so wet laundry was hung in the unfinished East Room to dry. Thomas Jefferson, the third president, improved the comfort of the White House in many respects and added new architectural features such as the terraces on the east and west ends.

When the British forces burned the White House on August 24, 1814, President Madison was forced to leave. All the remained after the fire was the exterior walls, the interior was completely destroyed. It was not until December of 1817 that the following president, James Monroe, was able to move into a rebuilt residence. Since then, the White House has continued to be modified but has been continuously occupied by each succeeding U. S president.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for this text?   

Câu hỏi số 2:

Why did George Washington not love in the White House?

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word “ inhabitant” in paragraph 1 is closest meaning to:

Câu hỏi số 4:

It can be inferred from the passage that John Adams was:

Câu hỏi số 5:

What of the White House was not yet complete when the Adamses moved in?

Câu hỏi số 6:

The author most likely discusses the “ staircase” in paragraph 1 in order to:

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “ forces” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by:

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, which of the following best describes Thomas Jefferson’s tenure in the White House?

Câu hỏi số 9:

According to the passage, when James monroe came to the White House, it had been:   

Câu hỏi số 10:

The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses:  

Bài 7:

Read the passage and choose the best answer

After inventing dynamite, Swedish-born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man. However, he foresaw its universally destructive powers too late. Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite, so in 1895, just two weeks before his death, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who had made worthwhile contributions to mankind. Originally there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicine, and peace. Economics was added in 1968, just sixty-seven years after the first awards ceremony. Nobel's original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $30,000 to $125,000. Every year on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the awards (gold medal, illuminated diploma, and money) are presented to the winners. Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judges' decisions. Americans have won numerous science awards, but relatively few literature prizes. No awards were presented from 1940 to 1942 at the beginning of World War II. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes. No awards were presented from 1940 to 1942 at the beginning of World War 11. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes.

 

Câu hỏi số 1:

 The word "foresaw" in the first paragraph is nearest in meaning to ________.    

Câu hỏi số 2:

The Nobel prize was established in order to ________.    

Câu hỏi số 3:

In which area have Americans received the most awards?

Câu hỏi số 4:

 All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ________.

Câu hỏi số 5:

In how many fields are prizes bestowed?  

Câu hỏi số 6:

It is implied that Nobel's profession was in ________.

Câu hỏi số 7:

In the first paragraph, "worthwhile" is closest in meaning to ________.

Câu hỏi số 8:

How much money did Nobel leaves for the prizes?

Câu hỏi số 9:

What is the main idea of this passage?

Câu hỏi số 10:

The word "legacy" in the second paragraph means most nearly the same as ________.

Bài 8:

Read the passage and choose the best answer

In the United States, presidential elections are held in years evenly divisible by four (1888, 1900, 1964, etc.). Since 1840, American presidents elected in years ending with zero have died in office, with one exception. William H. Harrison, the man who served the shortest term, died of pneumonia only several weeks after his inauguration.

Abraham Lincoln was one of four presidents who were assassinated. He was elected in 1860, and his untimely death came just five years later. James A. Garfield, a former Union army general from Ohio, was shot during his first year in office (1881) by a man to whom he wouldn't give a job. While in his second term of office (1901), William McKinley, another Ohioan, attended the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. During the reception, he was assassinated while shaking hands with some of the guests. John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963 in Dallas only three years after his election.

Three years after his election in 1920, Warren G, Harding died in office. Although it was never proved, many believe he was poisoned. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times (1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944), the only man to serve so long a term. He had contracted polio in 1921 and eventually died of the illness in 1945.

Ronald Reagan, who was elected in 1980 and reelected four years later, suffered an assassination attempt but did not succumb to the assassin's bullets. He was the first to break the long chain of unfortunate events. Will the candidate in the election of 2020 also be as lucky?

Câu hỏi số 1:

All of the following were election years EXCEPT ________.

Câu hỏi số 2:

Which president served the shortest term in office?

Câu hỏi số 3:

Which of the following is true?         

Câu hỏi số 4:

How many presidents elected in years ending in zero since 1840 have died in office?

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word "inauguration" in the first paragraph means most nearly the same as ________.          

Câu hỏi số 6:

All of the following presidents were assassinated EXCEPT ________.  

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word "whom" in the second paragraph refers to ________.

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word "assassinated" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to

Câu hỏi số 9:

In the third paragraph, "contracted" is closest in meaning to ________.

Câu hỏi số 10:

How long did Warren G, Harding work as a president?

Bài 9:

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer to the questions by circling the letter A, B, C or D

Women in Britainare without doubt better off today than they used to be. At the beginning of the 19th century, women seemed to have almost no rights at all. They could not vote , or even sign a contract. Their marriages were arranged by their parents. They were once kept at home and if they were allowed to work, they were never given responsible jobs. It is strange to think that, as far as we know, most women were happy with that situation.

Today the position is quite different. Women now can vote and choose their own husbands. In 1970, a law was passed to give them an equal share of property in the case of divorce, and in the same year the Equal Pay Act gave them the right to get equal payment with them for work of equal value.

Yet , despite these changes, there is no doubt that there are still great differences in status between men and women. Many employers-maybe even in the majority-seem to ignore the Equal Pay Act. It is also more difficult for a woman to get a promotion than a man does.

There is sex discrimination inEnglandalthough it has not been so serious as it was. More and more women got out to work, earn more money, get high positions in the society, and live independently. However there are two great problems to solve. The first problem is men’s attitude. They always think that women are inferior and are the weaker sex. We do not know exactly how long it will take them to change their mind. And the other problem whish is much more difficult is women’s attitude. They should be ready to struggle to change their fate.

Câu hỏi số 1:

At the beginning of the 19th century,  …………..

Câu hỏi số 2:

The Equal Pay Act was passed in ………. .

Câu hỏi số 3:

Which of these following sentences is not true?

Câu hỏi số 4:

What is men’s attitude?

Câu hỏi số 5:

What should women do to eliminate sex discrimination?

Bài 10:

 

Read the text and answer the questions

Are you stressed at work? Are you doing anything about it?You should. And your boss should help you. A stressed employee usually makes mistakes, and mistakes cost money. So, here is our advice:

Take a break! Stress causes mistakes. A break really helps you to relax.

Don’t miss lunch! A hungry person doesn’t think clearly! And a nice meal doesn’t take much time.

Listen to music ! Quiet music usually relaxes your body and mind. Loud music doesn’t always help.

Laugh!  It makes you feel better. Read a funny story or chat with a colleague, then go back to work.

Try these suggestions next time you are stressed and you feel better.

 

 

Câu hỏi số 1:

Which sentence is not true?

Câu hỏi số 2:

What helps a stressed worker to relax?

Câu hỏi số 3:

According to the writer,______

Câu hỏi số 4:

What is the best title for the passage?

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