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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 11:

Đọc đoạn văn rồi chọn phương án đúng nhất ứng với(A( hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu sau.

Aerobic exercise can help you lose weight. It can help you stay at a heathy weight. Aerobic exercise burns calories. A calorie is a unit of measurement . It measures the amount of energy in foods. It measures the amount of energy your body uses. When you take in the same number of calories that you burn every day, your weight stays the same. If you take in more calories than you burn, you gain weight. If you take in fewer calories than you burn, you lose weight. Regular exercise helps you burn calories. Strength training may also help with weight control. Lifting weights burns calories. Lifting weights also makes more muscle in your body. Muscles burn more calories than fat.

Stretching exercises can make your body more flexible. There are stretches for your arms, legs, neck, and trunk. Many people do slow exercises and stretches called yoga to make their bodies more flexible. A physical education teacher can show you how to do stretches. You should do warm-up stretches before you do aerobic or anaerobic exercises. You should do cool-down stretches when you are finished exercising. Warm-up and cool-down stretches can help prevent muscle injuries.

Câu hỏi số 1:

your weight will be the same______

Câu hỏi số 2:

You put on weight_______

Câu hỏi số 3:

Strength training like lifting weights may help with weight control because_____

Câu hỏi số 4:

Yoga, which makes your bodies more flexible, are_____

Câu hỏi số 5:

Warm-up and cool-down stretches

Bài 12:

Read the passage and choose one correct answer for each question.

     PARENTS’ DREAMS

     Parents often have dreams for their children’s future. They hope their children will have a better life than they had. They dream that their children will do things that they couldn’t do. Parents who come to the U.S from foreign countries hope their children will have better education here. They think their children will have more career choices and more successful lives. They make many sacrifices so that their children will have more opportunities. They think their children will remain close to them because of this. Some children understand and appreciate these sacrifices and remain close to their parents. However, other children feel ashamed that their parents are so different from other Americans.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Parents often dream of ………………………………..

Câu hỏi số 2:

Parents who come home from U.S from foreign countries hope that …..

Câu hỏi số 3:

Parents think their children will remain close to them because………..

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word career in line 5 is closest in meaning to ……………………….

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word close in line 7 is closest in meaning to ……………………….

Bài 13:

 Đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời phù hợp với các câu hỏi

Oxfam is a charitable organization that existed since the early 1940s. It was founded originally to help feed starving children in European countries during the Second World War. Oxfam has been working in almost every country all over the world.

Oxfam funds relatively small-scale, relatively inexpensive but quite effective projects. Oxfam’s projects involve feeding starving children, providing education for disadvantaged children, giving care and comfort to the poor and the sick, rebuilding people’s own lives, carrying out irrigation work, planting trees, clearing roads, building schools and hospitals.

Oxfam pays special attention to many poor countries in the Third World, that’s in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Oxfam’s money comes entirely from voluntary contributions from the general public.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Oxfam was found originally to help feed starving children in European countries………….

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to passage, Oxfam is a(n)………………………

Câu hỏi số 3:

The projects Oxfam funds are……………

Câu hỏi số 4:

Oxfam’s projects involve all of the following EXCEPT………

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word starving in the passage is closest meaning to………..

Bài 14:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Very few people, groups, or governments oppose globalization in its entirety. Instead, critics of globalization believe aspects of the way globalization operates should be changed. The debate over globalization is about what the best rules are for governing the global economy so that its advantages can grow while its problems can be solved.

On one side of this debate are those who stress the benefits of removing barriers to international trade and investment, allowing capital to be allocated more efficiently and giving consumers greater freedom of choice. With free-market globalization, investment funds can move unimpeded from the rich countries to the developing countries. Consumers can benefit from cheaper products because reduced taxes make goods produced at low cost from faraway places cheaper to buy. Producers of goods gain by selling to a wider market. More competition keeps sellers on their toes and allows ideas and new technology to spread and benefit others.

On the other side of the debate are critics who see neo-liberal policies as producing greater poverty,inequality, social conflict, cultural destruction, and environmental damage. They say that the most developed nations - the United States, Germany, and Japan - succeeded not because of free trade but because of protectionism and subsidies. They argue that the more recently successful economies of South Korea, Taiwan, and China all had strong state-led development strategies that did not follow neo-liberalism. These critics think that government encouragement of “infant industries” - that is, industries that are just beginning to develop - enables a country to become internationally competitive.

Furthermore. those who criticize the Washington Consensus suggest that the inflow and outflow of money from speculative investors must be limited to prevent bubbles. These bubbles are characterized by the rapid inflow of foreign funds that bid up domestic stock markets and property values. When the economy cannot sustain such expectations, the bubbles burst as investors panic and pull their money out of the country.

Protests by what is called the anti-globalization movement are seldom directed against globalization itself but rather against abuses that harm the rights of workers and the environment. The question raised by nongovernmental organizations and protesters at WTO and IMF gatherings is whether globalization will result in a rise of living standards or a race to the bottom as competition takes the form of lowering living standards and undermining environmental regulations.

One of the key problems of the 21st century will be determining to what extent markets should be regulated to promote fair competition, honest dealing, and fair distribution of public goods on a global scale.

From "Globalization " by Tabb, William K., Microsoft Student 2009 [DVD]

Câu hỏi số 1:

lt is stated in the passage that_______

Câu hỏi số 2:

Supporters of free-market globalization point out that_______

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word “allocated" in the passage mostly means______

Câu hỏi số 4:

The phrase “keeps sellers on their toes ” in the passage mostly means________

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to critics of globalization, several developed countries have become rich because of______

Câu hỏi số 6:

The word “undermining ” in the passage mostly means ________

Câu hỏi số 7:

Infant industries mentioned in the passage are_______

Câu hỏi số 8:

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

Câu hỏi số 9:

The debate over globalization is about how_______

Câu hỏi số 10:

The author seems to be____ globalization that helps promote economy and raise living standards globally.

Bài 15:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 61 to 70.

In 1826, a Frenchman named Niépce needed pictures for his business. He was not a good artist, so he invented a very simple camera. He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his yard. That was the first photograph.

The next important date in the history of photography was 1837. That year, Daguerre, another Frenchman, took a picture of his studio. He used a new kind of camera and a different process. In his pictures, you could see everything clearly, even the smallest details. This kind of photograph was called a daguerreotype.

Soon, other people began to use Daguerre's process. Travelers brought back daguerreotypes from all around the world. People photographed famous buildings, cities, and mountains.

In about 1840, the process was improved. Then photographers could take pictures of people and moving things. The process was not simple and photographers had to carry lots of film and processing equipment. However, this did not stop photographers, especially in the United States. After 1840. daguerreotype artists were popular in most cities.

Matthew Brady was one well-known American photographer. He took many portraits of famous people. The portraits were unusual because they were lifelike and full of personality. Brady was also the first person to take pictures of a war. His 1862 Civil War pictures showed dead soldiers and ruined cities. They made the war seem more real and more terrible.

In the 18805, new inventions began to change photography. Photographers could buy film ready-made in rolls, instead of having to make the film themselves. Also, they did not have to process the film immediately. They could bring it back to their studios and develop it later. They did not have to carry lots of equipment. And finally, the invention of the small handheld camera made photography less expensive.

With a small camera, anyone could be a photographer. People began to use cameras just for fun. They took pictures of their families, friends, and favorite places. They called these pictures "snapshots".

Documentary photographs became popular in newspapers in the 1890s. Soon magazines and books also used them. These pictures showed true events and people. They were much more real than drawings.

Some people began to think of photography as a form of art. They thought that photography could do more than show the real world. It could also show ideas and feelings, like other art forms.

From “Reading Power” by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The first photograph was taken with______

Câu hỏi số 2:

Daguerre took a picture of his studio with_____

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word “this” in the passage refers to the______

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word “ruined” in the passage is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word “lifelike” in the passage is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 6:

The latest invention mentioned in the passage is the invention of_______

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “handheld” in the passage is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 8:

Matthew Brady was well-known for_____

Câu hỏi số 9:

As mentioned in the passage, photography can______

Câu hỏi số 10:

Which of the following could best serve as the title of the passage?

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