Tel: 024.7300.7989 - Phone: 1800.6947 (Thời gian hỗ trợ từ 7h đến 22h)

Giỏ hàng của tôi

Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 21:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

In the West, cartoons are used chiefly to make people laugh. The important feature of all these cartoons is the joke and the element of surprise which is contained. Even though it is very funny, a good cartoon is always based on close observation of a particular feature of life and usually has a serious purpose.

Cartoons in the West have been associated with political and social matters for many years. In wartime, for example, they proved to be an excellent way of spreading propaganda. Nowadays cartoons are often used to make short, sharp comments on politics and governments as well as on a variety of social matters. In this way, the modern cartoon has become a very powerful force in influencing people in Europe and the United States.

Unlike most American and European cartoons, however, many Chinese cartoon drawings in the past have also attempted to educate people, especially those who could not read and write. Such cartoons about the lives and sayings of great men in China have proved extremely useful in bringing education to illiterate and semi-literate people throughout China. Confucius, Mencius and Laozi have all appeared in very interesting stories presented in the form of cartoons. The cartoons themselves have thus served to illustrate the teachings of the Chinese sages in a very attractive way.

In this sense, many Chinese cartoons are different from Western cartoons in so far as they do not depend chiefly on telling jokes. Often, there is nothing to laugh at when you see Chinese cartoons. This is not their primary aim. In addition to commenting on serious political and social matters, Chinese cartoons have aimed at spreading the traditional Chinese thoughts and culture as widely as possible among the people.

Today, however, Chinese cartoons have an added part to play in spreading knowledge. They offer a very attractive and useful way of reaching people throughout the world. regardless of the particular country in which they live. Thus, through cartoons, the thoughts and teachings of the old Chinese philosophers and sages can now reach people who live in such countries as Britain, France, America, Japan, Malaysia or Australia and who are unfamiliar with the Chinese culture.

Until recently, the transfer of knowledge and culture has been overwhelmingly from the West to the East and not vice versa. By means of cartoons, however, publishing companies in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore are now having success in correcting this imbalance between the East and the West.

Cartoons can overcome language barriers in all foreign countries. The vast increase in the popularity of these cartoons serves to illustrate the truth of Confucius’s famous saying “One picture is worth a thousand words.”

Câu hỏi số 1:

Which of the following clearly characterizes Western cartoons?

Câu hỏi số 2:

Chinese cartoons have been useful as an important means of______.

Câu hỏi số 3:

The major differences between Chinese cartoons and Western cartoons come from their_____

Câu hỏi số 4:

The pronoun “this" in paragraph 4 mostly refers to______

Câu hỏi số 5:

The passage is intended to present________

Câu hỏi số 6:

Which of the following could be the best title for the passage‘?

Câu hỏi số 7:

In general, Chinese cartoons are now aiming at______

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “imbalance" in paragraph 6 refers to______

Câu hỏi số 9:

Which of the following is most likely the traditional subject of Chinese cartoons?

Câu hỏi số 10:

According to the passage, which of the following is true?

Bài 22:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Increasing numbers of parents in the U.S. are choosing to teach their children at home. In fact, the U.S. Department of Education has estimated that in 1999, about 850,000 children were being home- schooled. Some educational experts say that the real number is double this estimate, and the ranks of home-schooled children seem to be growing at the average rate of about eleven percent every year.

At one time, there was a theory accounting for home-schooling: it was traditionally used for students who could not attend school because of behavioral or learning difficulties. Today, however, more parents are taking on the responsibility of educating their own children at home due to their dissatisfaction with the educational system. Many parents are unhappy about class size, as well as problems inside the classroom. Teacher shortages and lack of funding mean that, in many schools, one teacher is responsible for thirty or forty students. The children are, therefore, deprived of the attention they need. Escalating classroom violence has also motivated some parents to remove their children from school.

Although there have been a lot of arguments for and against it, home-schooling in the U.S. has become a multi-million dollar industry, and it is growing bigger and bigger. There are now plenty of websites, support groups, and conventions that help parents protect their rights and enable them to learn more about educating their children. Though once it was the only choice for troubled children, home- schooling today is an accepted alternative to an educational system that many believe is failing.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The word "arguments" in the third paragraph can be best replaced by "_________".

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to some experts, the exact number of home-schooled children then must be_______

Câu hỏi số 3:

The attitude of the author towards home-schooling can be best described as_______

Câu hỏi số 4:

More parents teach their children because they completely____ the current educational system.

Câu hỏi số 5:

Many parents stop their children from going to school because it is now too_____ for them.

Câu hỏi số 6:

The number of parents who want to teach their own children in the US. is____

Câu hỏi số 7:

This estimated number was presented by______

Câu hỏi số 8:

The past participle "home-schooled" in the first paragraph is best equivalent to "______ at home".

Câu hỏi số 9:

The closest synonym of the participle phrase "accounting for" in the second paragraph is_____

Câu hỏi số 10:

The noun "dissatisfaction " in the second paragraph is best equivalent to______

Bài 23:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

In the world today, particular in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is the big news. People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment. Recycling means finding ways to use products a second time. The motto of the recycling movement is "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle".

The first step is to reduce garbage. In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings. A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box and a bag. All that packaging is wasted resources. People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils. Another way to reduce waste is to buy high-quality products. When low-quality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy. For example, if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message. In the way, if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers. To reduce garbage, the throw-away must stop.

The second step is to reuse. It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles. After customers empty the bottles, they return them to the stores. The manufacturers of the drinks collect bottles, wash them, and then fill them again. The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is saved. In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice. In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throw-away bottles.

The third step being environmentally sensitive is to recycle. Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again. Aluminum cans are expensive to make. It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three hours. When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of the world's precious resources.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What does the word "sensitive" mean?

Câu hỏi số 2:

It is a waste when customers buy low-quality products because________

Câu hỏi số 3:

People can do the following to reduce waste EXCEPT_______

Câu hỏi số 4:

What best describe the process of reuse?

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word "motto" is closest in meaning to______

Câu hỏi số 6:

What are the two things mentioned as examples of recycling?

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word "practice"is closest in meaning to________

Câu hỏi số 8:

Which area is considered one of the most industrialized?

Câu hỏi số 9:

Garbage dumps in some areas have relatively little glass and plastic because

Câu hỏi số 10:

What is the topic of the passage?

Bài 24:

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Circle A, B, C or D to indicate your answers.

The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions. Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity. Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way to dispose of waste.

Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale and coal tats. But to date, the process has proven expensive. Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills. Geothermal power, heart form earth, is also being tested.

Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived form streams and rivers. Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United States, but today it supplies only four percent. The oceans are another potential source of energy. Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides and waves to electricity. Experiments are also underway to make use of the temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Which is the best title of the passage?

Câu hỏi: 29461

Câu hỏi số 2:

Fifty years ago one third of the electricity in the United States was provided by_____

Câu hỏi: 29462

Câu hỏi số 3:

In the second paragraph, the phrase “synthetic fuels" could best be replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi: 29463

Câu hỏi số 4:

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy?

Câu hỏi: 29464

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the author, the impracticality of using coal, oil shale and coal tars as sources of energy is due to_____

Câu hỏi: 29465

Bài 25:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely. Air pollution requires a very flexible definition that permits continuous changes. When the first air pollution laws were established in England in the fourteenth century, air pollutants were limited to compounds that could be seen or smelled- a far cry from the extensive list of harmful substances known today. As technology has developed and knowledge of health aspects of various chemicals has increased, the list of air pollutants has lengthened. In the future, even water vapor might be considered an air pollutant under certain conditions.

Many of more important air pollutants, such as sulfur oxides, carbon monoxides and nitrogen oxides are found in nature. As the Earth developed, the concentration of these pollutants was altered by various chemical reactions; they became components in biogeochemical cycles. These serve as an air purification scheme by allowing the compounds to move from the air to the water or soil. On a global basis, nature's output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities.

However, human production usually occurs in a localized area, such as a city. In such region, human output may be dominant and may temporarily overload the natural purification scheme of the cycles. The result is an concentration of noxious chemicals in the air. The concentrations at which the adverse effects appear will be greater than the concentrations that the pollutants would have in the absence of human activities. The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant; in fact, the numerical value tells us little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area. For example, sulfur dioxide has detectable health effects at 0. 08 parts per million (ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level. Carbon monoxide, however has a natural level of 0. 1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.

 

Câu hỏi số 1:

The word "detectable " is closest in meaning to      .

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word "localized " is closest in meaning to      .

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word "these" in the second paragraph refers to        .

Câu hỏi số 4:

According to the passage, the numerical value of the concentration level of a substance is only useful if ______.

Câu hỏi số 5:

It can be inferred from the first paragraph that        .

Câu hỏi số 6:

According to the passage, human- generated air pollution in localized regions        .

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word "adversely " is closest in meaning to      .

Câu hỏi số 8:

Which of the following is best supported by the passage?  

Câu hỏi số 9:

For which of the following reasons can natural pollutants play an important role in controlling air pollution?

Câu hỏi số 10:

What does the passage mainly discuss?    

Còn hàng ngàn bài tập hay, nhanh tay thử sức!

>> Luyện thi tốt nghiệp THPT và Đại học, mọi lúc, mọi nơi tất cả các môn cùng các thầy cô giỏi nổi tiếng, dạy hay dễ hiểu trên Tuyensinh247.com. 

Hỗ trợ - Hướng dẫn

  • 024.7300.7989
  • 1800.6947 free

(Thời gian hỗ trợ từ 7h đến 22h)
Email: lienhe@tuyensinh247.com