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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 1:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Harvard Universities, today recognized as part of the top echelon of the worlds universities came from very inauspicious and humble beginnings.

This oldest of American universities was founded in 1636, just sixteen years after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth. Included in the Puritan emigrants to the Massachusetts colony during this period were more than 100 graduates of England's prestigious  Oxford  and  Cambridge  universities  and  these  universities graduates in  the  New  World  were determined that their sons would have the same educational opportunities that they themselves had had. Because of this support in the colony for an institution of higher learning, he General Court of Massachusetts appropriated 400 pounds for a college in October of 1636 and early the following year decided on a parcel of land for the school- this land was an area called Newetowne, which was later renamed Cambridge after its  English cousin and is the site of the present-day university.

When a young minister named John Harvard, who came from the neighboring town of Charlestowne, died from tuberculosis in 1638, he willed half of his estate of 1,700 pounds to the fledgling college. In spite of the fact that only half of the bequest was actually paid, the General Court named the college after the minister in appreciation for what he had done. The amount of the bequest may not have been large, particularly by today's standards, but it was more than the General Court had found it necessary to appropriate in order to open the college.

Henry Dunster was appointed the first president of Harvard in 1640, and it should be noted that in addition to serving as president, he was also the entire faculty, with an entering freshman class of four students. Although the staff did expand somewhat, for the first century of its existence the entire teaching staff consisted of the president and three or four tutors.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The passage implies that                                   

Câu hỏi số 2:

The passage indicates that Harvard is                                 

Câu hỏi số 3:

The main idea of this passage is that                                 

Câu hỏi số 4:

The "pounds" in the second paragraph are probably                                

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word "fledgling" in the third paragraph could best be replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi số 6:

The pronoun "they" in the second paragraph refers to                                 

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word "somewhat" in the last paragraph could best be replaced by____

Câu hỏi số 8:

It can be inferred from the passage that the Puritans who traveled to Massachusetts colony were                           

Câu hỏi số 9:

Where in the passage does it indicate how much money Minister Harvard was really responsible for giving to the university?

Câu hỏi số 10:

Which of the following is not mentioned about John Harvard?

Bài 2:

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Scientists do not yet thoroughly understand just how the body of an individual becomes sensitive to a substance that is harmless or even wholesome for the average person. Milk, wheat, and egg, for example, rank among the most healthful and widely used foods. Yet these foods can cause persons sensitive to them to suffer greatly. At first, the body of the individual is not harmed by coming into contact with the substance. After a varying interval of time, usually longer than a few weeks, the body becomes sensitive to it, and an allergy has begun to develop.

Sometimes it’s hard to figure out if you have a food allergy, since it can show up in so many different ways. Your symptoms could be caused by many other problems. You may have rashes, hives, joint pains mimicking arthritis, headaches, irritability, or depression. The most common food allergies are to milk, eggs, seafood, wheat, nuts, seeds, chocolate, oranges, and tomatoes. Many of these allergies will not develop if these foods are not fed to an infant until her or his intestines mature at around seven months. Breast milk also tends to be protective. Migraines can be set off by foods containing tyramine, phenathylamnine, monosodium glutamate, or sodium nitrate. Common foods which contain these are chocolate, aged cheeses, sour cream, red wine, pickled herring, chicken livers, avocados, ripe bananas, cured meats, many Oriental and prepared foods (read the labels!). Some people have been successful in treating their migraines with supplements of B-vitamins, particularly B6 and niacin. Children who are hyperactive may benefit from eliminating food additives, especially, colorings, and foods high in salicylates from their diets. A few of these are almonds, green peppers, peaches, tea, grapes. This is the diet made popular by Benjamin Feingold, who has written the book .Why your child is Hyperactive. Other researchers have had mixed results when testing whether the diet is effective.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The topic of the passage is                   .

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to the passage, the difficulty in diagnosing allergies to food is due to                             

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word “symptoms” in line 9 is closest in meaning to                                

Câu hỏi số 4:

The phrase ‘set off’ in line 14 is closest in meaning to                               

Câu hỏi số 5:

What can be inferred about the babies from this passage?

Câu hỏi số 6:

The word ‘hyperactive’ in line 19 is closest in meaning to                             

Câu hỏi số 7:

The author states that the reason that infants need to avoid certain foods related to allergies has to do with the infant’s                 _.

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word ‘these’ in line 20 refers to                   .  

Câu hỏi số 9:

Which of the following was a suggested treatment for migraines in the passage?

Câu hỏi số 10:

According to the article, the Feingold diet is not                                 

Bài 3:

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Bats are not dirty, bloodthirsty monsters as portrayed in vampire films. These winded mammals groom themselves carefully like cats and only rarely carry rabies. Of the hundreds of species of bats, only three rely on blood   meals.   In   fact,   the   majority   eat   fruit,   insects,   spiders,   or   small   animals.   They   consume an enormous number of pests, pollinate many variety of plant life, and help reforest huge tracts of barren land by excreting millions of undigested seeds.

Almost all bats use echolocation to navigate, especially at night. As they fly, they emit a series of high- pitched squeaks at the rate of about fifty per minute. As these signals bounce off objects in their path, an echo is detected by the bats’ sensitive ears, which informs them of the direction, distance, and nature of obstacles so that they can undertake corrective or evasive action. But bats are not blind as widely assumed. In fact, all species of bats can see, probably about as well as human beings.

Another myth, about bats being aggressive, intentionally entangling themselves in the hair of human beings, is also totally unfounded. It has been shown in studies not only that bats are timid, but also they will assiduously avoid contact with larger creatures than themselves if possible.

Aggregation during the day may vary from small groups consisting of a single male and a dozen or more females to huge colonies of many. Thousands or even millions of individual bats may belong to a colony, hanging  upside  down  in  caves  or  in  hollow  trees.  Within  their  social  systems,  bats  assume  specialized roles. Some guard  the  entrance  to  their caves,  others  scout  for food,  and  still  others  warn the colony of approaching danger. A nursery colony may be a part of a larger colony to provide mother bats with a safe, supportive environment in which to rear their young.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What is the author’s opinion of bats?

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to the passage, how are bats like cats?

Câu hỏi số 3:

What do most bats eat?

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word “enormous” could best be replaces by                .

Câu hỏi số 5:

Which of the following are NOT characteristic of most bats?

Câu hỏi số 6:

How do bats help reforest the land?

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “emit” is closet in meaning to                .

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, how do bats navigate?

Câu hỏi số 9:

Where in the passage does the author refer to the visual range of bats?

Câu hỏi số 10:

The word “Some” refers to                .  

Bài 4:

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

The technology of the North American Colonies did not differ strikingly from that of Europe, but in one respect, the colonists enjoyed a great advantage. Especially by comparison with Britain, Americans had a wonderfully plentiful supply of wood.

The first colonists did not, as many people imagine, find an entire continent covered by a climax forest. Even along the Atlantic seaboard, the forest was broken at many points. Nevertheless, all sorts of fine trees abounded, and through the early colonial period, those who pushed westward encountered new forests. By the end of the Colonial era, the price of wood has risen slightly in eastern cities, but wood was still extremely abundant.

The availability of wood brought advantages that have seldom been appreciated. Wood was a foundation of the economy. Houses and all manner of buildings were made of wood to a degree unknown in Britain. Secondly, wood was used as a fuel for heating and cooking. Thirdly, it was used as the source of gunpowder, and tannic acid, used for tanning leather.

The supply of wood conferred advantages, but had some negative aspects as well. Iron at that time was produced by heating iron ore with charcoal. Because Britain was so stripped of trees, she was unable to exploit her rich iron mines. But the American Colonies had both iron ore and wood; iron production was encouraged and became successful. However, when Britain developed coke smelting, the Colonies did not follow suit because they had plenty of wood and besides, charcoal iron was stronger than coke iron. Coke smelting led to technological innovations and was linked to the emergence of the Industrial Revolution. In the early nineteenth century, the former Colonies lagged behind Britain in industrial development because their supply of wood led them to cling to charcoal iron.

 

Câu hỏi số 1:

What does the passage mainly discuss?

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “strikingly” is closet meaning to             .

Câu hỏi số 3:

Which of the following is a common assumption about the forests of North America during the Colonial period?

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word “abounded” is closet in meaning to                .

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the passage, by the end of the Colonial period, the price of wood in eastern cities               .

Câu hỏi số 6:

What can be inferred about houses in Britain during the period written about in passage?  

Câu hỏi số 7:

Why does the author mention “gunpowder”?

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “conferred” is closest in meaning to                .

Câu hỏi số 9:

The phrase “follow suit” means                .

Câu hỏi số 10:

According to the passage, why was the use of coke smelting advantageous?

Bài 5:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISTS

Paul Watson is an environmental activist. He is a man who believes that he must do something, not just talk about doing something. Paul believes in protecting endangered animals, and he protects them in controversial ways. Some people think that Watson is a hero and admire him very much. Other people think that he is a criminal.

On July 16th, 1979, Paul Watson and his crew were on his ship, which is called the Sea Shepherd. Watson and the people who work on the Sea Shepherd were hunting on the Atlantic Ocean near Portugal. However, they had a strange prey; instead of hunting for animals, their prey was a ship, the Sierra. The Sea Shepherd found the Sierra, ran into it and sank it. As a result, the Sierra never returned to the sea. The Sea Shepherd, on the other hand, returned to its home in Canada. Paul Watson and his workers thought that they had been successful.

The Sierra had been a whaling ship, which had operated illegally. The captain and the crew of the Sierra did not obey any of the international laws that restrict whaling. Instead, they killed as many whales as they could, quickly cut off the meat, and froze it. Later, they sold the whale meat in countries where it is eaten.

Paul Watson tried to persuade the international whaling commission to stop the Sierra. However, the commission did very little, and Paul became impatient. He decided to stop the Sierra and other whaling ships in any way that he could. He offered to pay $25,000 to anyone who sank any illegal whaling ship, and he sank the Sierra. He acted because he believes that the whales must be protected. Still, he acted without the approval of the government; therefore, his actions were controversial.

Paul Watson is not the only environmental activist. Other men and women are also fighting to protect the Earth. Like Watson, they do not always have the approval of their governments, and like Watson, they have become impatient. Yet, because of their concern for the environment, they will act to protect it.

Câu hỏi số 1:

According to the reading, an environmental activist is someone who _________.        

Câu hỏi số 2:

 When something is controversial, _________.

Câu hỏi số 3:

The members of a ship’s crew are _________.

Câu hỏi số 4:

The main idea of paragraph one is that _________.   

Câu hỏi số 5:

The Sea Shepherd was hunting _________.

Câu hỏi số 6:

The author implies that Paul Watson lives in _________.

Câu hỏi số 7:

The captain and the crew of the Sierra were acting illegally because _________.

Câu hỏi số 8:

In paragraph 3 the phrase “and froze it” refers to _________.

Câu hỏi số 9:

The main idea of paragraph 3 is that _________.

Câu hỏi số 10:

Watson ran into the Sierra because _________.

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