Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 10.
Probably the most famous film commenting on the twentieth-century technology is Modern Times, made in 1936. Charlie Chaplin was motivated to make the film by a reporter who, while interviewing him, happened to describe the working conditions in industrial Detroit. Chaplin was told that healthy young farm boys were lured to the city to work on automotive assembly lines. Within four or five years, these young men’s health was destroyed by the stress of work in the factories.
The film opens with a shot of a mass of sheep making their way down a crowded ramp.
Abruptly, the film shifts to a scene of factory workers jostling one another on their way to a factory. However, the rather bitter note of criticism in the implied comparison is not sustained. It is replaced by a gentle note of satire. Chaplin prefers to entertain rather than lecture.
Scenes of factory interiors account for only about one-third of Modern Times, but they contain some of the most pointed social commentary as well as the most comic situations. No one who has seen the film can ever forget Chaplin vainly trying to keep pace with the fast-moving conveyor belt, almost losing his mind in the process. Another popular scene involves an automatic feeding machine brought to the assembly line so that workers need not interrupt their labor to eat. The feeding machine malfunctions, hurling food at Chaplin, who is strapped in his position on the assembly line and cannot escape. This serves to illustrate people’s utter helplessness in the face of machines that are meant to serve their basic needs.
Clearly, Modern Times has its faults, but it remains the best film treating technology within a social context. It does not offer a radical social message, but it does accurately reflect the sentiment of many who feel they are victims of an over-mechanised world.
Câu 1: According to the passage, Chaplin got the idea for Modern Times from ______.
A. a conversation
B. a movie
D. a newspaper
Câu 2: The young farm boys went to the city because they were ______.
A. attracted by the prospect of a better life
B. forced to leave their sheep farm
C. promised better accommodation
D. driven out of their sheep farm
Câu 3: The phrase “jostling one another” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to “______”.
A. running against each other
B. pushing one another
C. hurrying up together
D. jogging side by side
Câu 4: According to the passage, the opening scene of the film is intended ______.
A. to reveal the situation of the factory workers
B. to produce a tacit association
C. to introduce the main characters of the film
D. to give the setting for the entire plot later
Câu 5: The word “vainly” in the fourth paragraph is closest in meaning to “______”.
Câu 6: The word “This” in the fourth paragraph refers to ______.
A. the situation of young workers in a factory
B. the scene of an assembly line in operation
C. the scene of the malfunction of the feeding machine
D. the malfunction of the twentieth-century technology
Câu 7: According to the author, about two-thirds of Modern Times ______.
A. is more critical than the rest
B. is rather discouraging
C. was shot outside a factory
D. entertains the audience most
Câu 8: The author refers to all of the following notions to describe Modern Times EXCEPT “______”.
Câu 9: Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. The working conditions in the car factories of the 1930s were very stressful.
B. The author does not consider Modern Times as a perfect film.
C. Modern Times depicts the over-mechanised world from a social viewpoint.
D. In Modern Times, the factory workers’ basic needs are well met.
Câu 10: The passage was written to ______.
A. review one of Chaplin’s popular films
B. explain Chaplin’s style of acting
C. discuss the disadvantages of technology
D. criticize the factory system of the 1930s
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 11 to 20.
Very few people in the modern world obtain their food supply by hunting and gathering in the natural environment surrounding their homes. This method of harvesting from nature’s provision is the oldest known subsistence strategy and has been practised for at least the last two million years. It was, indeed, the only way to obtain food until rudimentary farming and the domestication of wild animals were introduced about 10,000 years ago.
Because hunter-gatherers have fared poorly in comparison with their agricultural cousins, their numbers have dwindled, and they have been forced to live in marginal environments, such as deserts and arctic wastelands. In higher latitudes, the shorter growing seasons have restricted the availability of plant life. Such conditions have caused a greater dependence on hunting, and on fishing along the coasts and waterways. The abundance of vegetation in the lower latitudes of the tropics, on the other hand, has provided a greater opportunity for gathering a variety of plants. In short, the environmental differences have restricted the diet and have limited possibilities for the development of subsistence societies.
Contemporary hunter-gatherers may help us understand our prehistoric ancestors. We know from the observation of modern hunter-gatherers in both Africa and Alaska that a society based on hunting and gathering must be very mobile. While the entire community camps in a central location, a smaller party harvests the food within a reasonable distance from the camp. When the food in the area has become exhausted, the community moves on to exploit another site. We also notice seasonal migration patterns evolving for most hunter-gatherers, along with a strict division of labor between the sexes. These patterns of behavior may be similar to those practised by mankind during the Paleolithic Period.
Câu 11: The word “domestication” in the first paragraph mostly means ______.
A. adapting animals to suit a new working environment
B. hatching and raising new species of wild animals in the home
C. teaching animals to do a particular job or activity in the home
D. making wild animals used to living with and working for humans
Câu 12: According to the passage, subsistence societies depend mainly on ______.
A. hunter-gatherers’ tools
B. nature’s provision
C. farming methods
D. agricultural products
Câu 13: The word “marginal” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to “______”.
Câu 14: In the lower latitudes of the tropics, hunter-gatherers ______.
A. can free themselves from hunting
B. have better food gathering from nature
C. live along the coasts and waterways for fishing
D. harvest shorter seasonal crops
Câu 15: According to the passage, studies of contemporary subsistence societies can provide a ______.
A. further understanding of prehistoric times
B. broader vision of prehistoric natural environments
C. further understanding of modern subsistence societies
D. deeper insight into the dry-land farming
Câu 16: The word “conditions” in the second paragraph refers to ______.
A. the places where plenty of animals and fish can be found
B. the situations in which hunter-gatherers can grow some crops
C. the environments where it is not favorable for vegetation to grow
D. the situations in which hunter-gatherers hardly find anything to eat
Câu 17: A typical feature of both modern and prehistoric hunter-gatherers is that ______.
A. they live in the forests for all their life
B. they don’t have a healthy and balanced diet
C. they don’t have a strong sense of community
D. they often change their living places
Câu 18: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned?
A. Harvesting from the natural environment had existed long before farming was taken up.
B. The environmental differences produce no effect on subsistence societies.
C. The number of hunter-gatherers decreases where farming is convenient.
D. Hunting or fishing develops where there are no or short growing seasons.
Câu 19: According to the author, most contemporary and prehistoric hunter-gatherers share ______.
A. some methods of production
B. some patterns of behavior
C. some restricted daily rules
D. only the way of duty division
Câu 20: Which of the following would serve as the best title of the passage?
A. Hunter-gatherers and Subsistence Societies
B. Evolution of Humans’ Farming Methods
C. A Brief History of Subsistence Farming
D. Hunter-gatherers: Always on the Move
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Câu 21: Found in the 12th century, Oxford University ranks among the world’s oldest universities.
Câu 22: Bill was about average in performance in comparison with others students in his class.
A. about average
C. with other students
Câu 23: Even though the extremely bad weather in the mountains, the climbers decidednot to cancel their climb.
A. Even though
C. not to cancel
Câu 24: The media have produced live covering of Michael Jackson’s fans around the worldmourning for him.
C. fans around the world
D. mourning for him.
Câu 25: Although smokers are aware that smoking is harmful to their health, they can’t get rid it.
B. are aware
D. get rid it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 31 to 40.
Some time ago, scientists began experiments to find out (31)______ it would be possible to set up a “village” under the sea. A special room was built and lowered (32)______ the water of Port Sudan in the Red Sea. For 29 days, five men lived (33)______ a depth of 40 feet. At a (34)______ lower level, another two divers stayed for a week in a smaller “house”. On returning to the surface, the men said that they had experienced no difficulty in breathing and had (35)______ many interesting scientific observations. The captain of the party, Commander Cousteau, spoke of the possibility of (36)______ the seabed. He said that some permanent stations were to be set up under the sea, and some undersea farms would provide food for the growing population of the world.
The divers in both “houses” spent most of their time (37)______ the bottom of the sea. On four occasions, they went down to 360 feet and observed many extraordinary (38)______ of the marine life, some of which had never been seen before. During their stay, Commander Cousteau and his divers reached a depth of 1,000 feet and witnessed a gathering of an immense (39)______ of crabs which numbered, perhaps, hundreds of millions. They also found out that it was (40)______ to move rapidly in the water in a special vessel known as a “diving saucer”.
Câu 31: _____________(31)
Câu 32: ____________(32)
Câu 33: ______________(33)
Câu 34: ________________(34)
Câu 35: _________________(35)
Câu 36: ___________________(36)
Câu 37: ______________________(37)
Câu 38: _________________(38)
Câu 39: _________________(39)
Câu 40: _____________(40)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 41: There should be an international law against ______.
Câu 42: “I’d rather you______ home now.”
Câu 43: “Don’t worry. I have ______ tire at the back of my car.”
D. the other
Câu 44: ______ he arrived at the bus stop when the bus came.
A. No longer has
B. No sooner had
C. Not until had
D. Hardly had
Câu 45: Susan’s doctor insists ______ for a few days.
A. that she is resting
B. her resting
C. that she rest
D. her to rest
Câu 46: We couldn’t fly ______ because all the tickets had been sold out.
Câu 47: Through an ______, your letter was left unanswered.
Câu 48: – “Mum, I’ve got 600 on the TOEFL test.”– “______”
A. Good way!
B. You are right.
C. Oh, hard luck!
D. Good job!
Câu 49: Jane ______ law for four years now at Harvard.
A. is studying
B. has been studying
Câu 50: He ______ to the doctor after the accident, but he continued to play instead.
A. must have gone
B. should have gone
C. couldn’t go
D. didn’t have to go
Câu 51: I won’t change my mind ______ what you say.
B. no matter
Câu 52: “How many times have I told you ______ football in the street?”
A. not playing
B. do not play
C. not to play
D. not to have played
Câu 53: “Please, will you just tidy your room, and stop ______ excuses!”
Câu 54: My mother told me to ______ for an electrician when her fan was out of order.
Câu 55: “This library card will give you free access ______ the Internet eight hours a day.”
Câu 56: The United States consists of fifty states, ______ has its own government.
A. each of which
B. hence each
C. they each
D. each of that
Câu 57: It is very important for a firm or a company to keep ______ the changes in the market.
A. pace of
B. track about
C. touch with
D. up with
Câu 58: John paid $2 for his meal, ______ he had thought it would cost.
A. not as much
B. not so much as
C. less as
D. not so many as
Câu 59: John: “Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?”Laura: “______”
A. Of course not. You bet!
B. Well, that’s very surprising.
C. There’s no doubt about it.
D. Yes, it’s an absurd idea.
Câu 60: The forecast has revealed that the world’s reserves of fossil fuel will have ______ by 2015.
A. taken over
B. caught up
C. used off
D. run out
Câu 61: Only when you grow up ______ the truth.
A. you will know
B. you know
C. do you know
D. will you know
Câu 62: Lora: “Your new blouse looks gorgeous, Helen!”Helen: “______.”
A. Thanks, I bought it at Macy’s
B. It’s up to you
C. I’d rather not
D. You can say that again
Câu 63: The kitchen ______ dirty because she has just cleaned it.
A. should be
B. can’t be
C. mustn’t be
D. may be
Câu 64: – “Don’t fail to send your parents my regards.”– “______.”
A. You’re welcome
B. Good idea, thanks
C. Thanks, I will
D. It’s my pleasure
Câu 65: – “Should we bring a lot of money on the trip?”– “Yes. ______ we decide to stay longer.”
A. So that
D. In case
Câu 66: – “How do you like your steak done?”– “ ______.”
A. I don’t like it much
B. Very little
C. Well done
D. Very much
Câu 67: She had to hand in her notice ______ advance when she decided to leave the job.
Câu 68: They didn’t find ______ in a foreign country.
A. it easy to live
B. it easy live
C. it to live easy
D. easy to live
Câu 69: “Buy me a newspaper on your way back, ______?”
A. will you
B. don’t you
C. can’t you
D. do you
Câu 70: There was nothing they could do ______ leave the car at the roadside where it had broken down.
B. instead of
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Câu 71: “Why don’t you reply to the President’s offer right now?” said Mary to her husband.
A. Mary suggested that her husband should reply to the President’s offer without delay.
B. Mary told her husband why he didn’t reply to the President’s offer then.
C. Mary ordered her husband to reply to the President’s offer right now.
D. Mary wondered why her husband didn’t reply to the President’s offer then.
Câu 72: He survived the operation thanks to the skilful surgeon.
A. He survived because he was a skilful surgeon.
B. Though the surgeon was skilful, he couldn’t survive the operation.
C. There was no skilful surgeon, so he died.
D. He wouldn’t have survived the operation without the skilful surgeon.
Câu 73: “Please don’t drive so fast, Tom,” said Lisa.
A. Lisa complained about Tom’s driving too fast.
B. Lisa pleaded with Tom not to drive too fast.
C. Lisa insisted on Tom’s driving on.
D. Lisa grumbled to Tom about driving slowly.
Câu 74: It doesn’t matter to them which film they go to.
A. Whatever films are shown, they never see.
B. They don’t mind which film they go to.
C. They don’t care about the cost of the films they see.
D. Which film they go to matters more than the cost.
Câu 75: James was the last to know about the change of schedule.
A. Everyone had heard about the change of schedule before James did.
B. Among the last people informed of the change of schedule was James.
C. The last thing James knew was the change of schedule.
D. At last James was able to know about the change of schedule.
Câu 76: He talked about nothing except the weather.
A. He had nothing to say about the weather.
B. He talked about everything including the weather.
C. His sole topic of conversation was the weather.
D. He said that he had no interest in the weather.
Câu 77: The film didn’t come up to my expectations.
A. I expected the film to end more abruptly.
B. The film was as good as I expected.
C. I expected the film to be more boring.
D. The film fell short of my expectations.
Câu 78: There’s no point in persuading Jane to change her mind.
A. No one wants Jane to change her mind because it’s pointless.
B. It’s possible for us to persuade Jane to change her mind.
C. Jane will change her mind though she doesn’t want to.
D. It’s useless to persuade Jane to change her mind.
Câu 79: She said, “John, I’ll show you round my city when you’re here.”
A. She made a trip round her city with John.
B. She promised to show John round her city.
C. She planned to show John round her city.
D. She organized a trip round her city for John.
Câu 80: Peter had very little money but managed to make ends meet.
A. Having little money, Peter couldn’t make ends meet.
B. Peter could hardly live on little money.
C. Peter got by on very little money.
D. Peter found it hard to live on very little money.