Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Câu hỏi số 1:

It is often said that knowledge is the_________ power, and I cannot disagree with this.

Câu hỏi số 2:

Biochemists have solved many of the mysteries about photosynthesis, the process ___ plants make food.  

Câu hỏi số 3:

The couple_____________ in the castle for several months before they noticed anything odd.  

Câu hỏi số 4:

The ozone layer is becoming depleted; ________  , there are more cases of skin cancer every year.  

Câu hỏi số 5:

They were_____________ in conversation and didn’t noticed me entering the room.

Câu hỏi số 6:

- “How does this machine work exactly?” -  "  ________ "

Câu hỏi số 7:

______________ , the young woman was visibly very happy after the birth of her child.  

Câu hỏi số 8:

A cold environment can slow down the worm’s ____ cycle.

Câu hỏi số 9:

Jim’s father agreed to buy him a new bike________ he took lessons.

Câu hỏi số 10:

- “Do you like that advanced training course you’re taking, James?” - " ________ "

Câu hỏi số 11:

I wonder if you could ______ me a small favour, John?

Câu hỏi số 12:

If I had listened to my parents, I________ at this job now.

Câu hỏi số 13:

______________ finish on time, Joe stayed up all night.

Câu hỏi số 14:

Teenagers ______ photos of pop stars on their bedroom walls.

Câu hỏi số 15:

Jane: “Do you know where Dave is?” Paul: “ ______  ”

Câu hỏi số 16:

In the future, global warming _________ human life will become impossible.

Câu hỏi số 17:

As forests are being destroyed, there are ______ available to absorb the carbon and recycle it into oxygen.  

Câu hỏi số 18:

Before anyone steps on that stage, you _____ make sure it’s secure.

Câu hỏi số 19:

The captain is the last person_______ the sinking ship.

Câu hỏi số 20:

Heavy snowfall made ________ planes to land or take off.

Câu hỏi số 21:

Cotton shirts feels_______ than polyester ones.

Câu hỏi số 22:

Everything__________ slow me down when I’m in a hungry.

Câu hỏi số 23:

______ of the two restaurants provides facilities for the handicapped.

Câu hỏi số 24:

A man in his forties often begins to think about _____ the world and not just about himself.

Câu hỏi số 25:

Part-time workers at the company are the first_____ .

Câu hỏi số 26:

Scientists warn that many of the world’s great cities are _____ flooding.

Câu hỏi số 27:

Most of the diseases are caused by the unhygienic surroundings ________ people live.

Câu hỏi số 28:

Unemployment, reduced buying capacity, and over - production are____ the most obvious problems.  

Câu hỏi số 29:

The pictures of seals being killed in the arctic had a tremendous impact___ public opinion.  

Câu hỏi số 30:

E-mail allows people _____________  in touch, regardless of distance.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the questions . 

Câu hỏi số 31:

Everyone ought to know the basic steps that follow  in case of  an emergency.

Câu hỏi số 32:

We should  have played  much better than we do.

Câu hỏi số 33:

Sue’s mother is a hairdresser, but Sue is not interested in  becoming it.

Câu hỏi số 34:

It announced today that an enquiry would be held into the collapse of a high-rise apartment block in Kuala Lumpur last week.

Câu hỏi số 35:

The effects of wind and water in rock surfaces can often cause  erosion.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions 

Câu hỏi số 36:

Câu hỏi số 37:

Câu hỏi số 38:

Câu hỏi số 39:

Câu hỏi số 40:

Mark the letter A, B, C,or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 

Câu hỏi số 41:

When did you start playing chess?

Câu hỏi số 42:

The news surprised everyone in the family.

Câu hỏi số 43:

According to a journalist’s report, there was a heavy loss of lives in the disaster.

Câu hỏi số 44:

Apparently the car did not sustain any damage.

Câu hỏi số 45:

If I were you, I would take a rest.

Câu hỏi số 46:

Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon first.

Câu hỏi số 47:

“I’ll return it tomorrow afternoon,” said Lucy.

Câu hỏi số 48:

Would you like to go out for a coffee?

Câu hỏi số 49:

My father couldn’t stand Tom’s behaviour.

Câu hỏi số 50:

This question is even harder than the last one.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 51 to 60.

British parents are always complaining that their children spend too much time glued to the telly and not enough time on other activities (51) ____ sports and reading. A survey recently (52) ____ on  people’s viewing habits does not disprove this. It shows that young people in Britain spend on average 23 hours a week in front of the television, (53) ____ works out at over three hours every day.

(54) ____ is surprising, however, is the fact that the average adult watches even more: an incredible 28 hours a week. We (55) ____ to have become a nation of addicts. Just about every household in the country has a television and over half have two or more. According to the survey, people just watch television sitting in their living-rooms, they watch it in the kitchen and in bed (56) ____ .

The Education Minister said a few weeks ago that Britain’s pupils (57) ____ spend more time reading. Unfortunately, parents are not setting a good example: adults do (58) ____ reading than young people. In fact, reading is at the (59) ____ of their list of favouring pastimes. They would (60) ____ listen to the radio, go to the cinema or hire a video to watch on their televisions at home.

Câu hỏi số 51:

_____ (51)

Câu hỏi số 52:

_____ (52)

Câu hỏi số 53:

_____ (53)

Câu hỏi số 54:

______ (54)

Câu hỏi số 55:

_____ (55)

Câu hỏi số 56:

______ (56)

Câu hỏi số 57:

______ (57)

Câu hỏi số 58:

______ (58)

Câu hỏi số 59:

______ (59)

Câu hỏi số 60:

______ (60)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .

Life on Mars: Does it Exist?

In 1976, two American spacecraft landed on Mars in order to search for signs of life. The tests that the Viking landers performed had negative results. However, scientists still have questions about our close neighbour in space. They want to investigate further into the possibility of life on Mars.

Scientists’ interest in the Red Planet is based on an assumption. They believe that 4.5 billion years ago, Mars and Earth began their existence under similar conditions. During the first billion years, liquid water - in contrast to ice - was abundant on the surface of Mars. This is an indication that mars was much warmer at that time. Mars also had a thicker atmosphere of carbon dioxide (CO2). Many scientists think it is possible that life began under these favourable conditions. After all, Earth had the same conditions during its first billion years, when life arose. At some point in time, Earth developed an atmosphere which is rich in oxygen, and an ozone layer. Ozone (O3) is a form of oxygen. The ozone layer protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet light from the Sun. While life not only began on Earth, it also survived and became more complex. In contrast, Mars lost its thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Ultraviolet radialion intensified. The planet eventually grew colder, and its water Froze. (...)

Scientists believe there are other areas on Mars that are similar: specific places on Earth which support life. For example, an area in Antarctica, southern Victoria Land, which is not covered by ice. Resemble an area on Mars. In its dry valleys, the temperature in southern Victoria Land averages below zero, yet biologists found simple life forms (microorganisms) in rocks and frozen lakes. Perhaps this is also true of places on Mars.

Scientists want another investigation of Mars. They want to search for fossils, the ancient remains of life. If life ever existed on Mars, future missions may find records of it under sand or in the ice.

Even if future missions discover no evidence of past or present life on Mars, the new missions may clarify our understanding of how life begins. Scientists will better understand the conditions that are necessary for the survival of life - on Earth or in the universe. They will look for the answers to other intriguing questions. How is the Earth different from Mars? How can we explain the development of life here on our planet and not on Mars, our close neighbour? Are we alone in the universe?

Câu hỏi số 61:

What is the main idea of the passage?

Câu hỏi số 62:

The phrase “our close neighbour in space” refers to _______ . 

Câu hỏi số 63:

Which of the following statements is true?

Câu hỏi số 64:

According to paragraph 2, what form does the water on Mars have today?

Câu hỏi số 65:

What do CO2 and O3 in paragraph represent?

Câu hỏi số 66:

According to paragraph 4, what are fossils?

Câu hỏi số 67:

What is the purpose of the dash ( — ) as used in the last paragraph?

Câu hỏi số 68:

In the beginning, Earth and Mars were similar in that _________ .

Câu hỏi số 69:

Which of the following is true?

Câu hỏi số 70:

According to the passage, in the future scientists want to look for ______.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .

From Farmland to Desert

It doesn't take long lo turn farmland into desert. American farmers found this out in the 1930s. They planted wheat in large areas of grassland in the south central United States. For a few years there was plenty of rain and lots of wheat. Then the rains stopped, as they often do in this dry region. The wheat dried up and the top soil tumed to dust. Before long, it had all blown away in great dust storms. The area became known as the "Dust Bowl".

What happened in the Dust Bowl is a perfect example of erosion caused by modern farming methods. Top soil blows away more easily when it is no longer protected by grasses or trees. In ten years or less, several feet of good soil can disappear. And once it is gone, there is no way to get it back quickly. It may takefrom one hundred to a thousand years for new top soil to form.

Unfortunately, it seems that farmers have not learned from the example of the Dust Bowl. In the United States alone, five billion tons of top soil are lost every year. Farmers continue to use the same destructive methods. They plant the same crops and use tons of chemical fertilizers.

The situation in other parts of the world is even more serious. The total loss of top soil worldwide is 24 billion tons a year. Areas of the earth with a dry dimate (about one third of the planet) are hit worst. In these areas, about 12 million hectares of land are lost to agriculture per year because of erosion.

In developing countries, this often leads to hunger and death. The recent history of one part of Africa, the Sahel, is a good example. In the 1960s and 1970s much good farmland was taken over for export crops, such as sugar and cotton. Many people moved into the drier interior areas to grovv their food.During that period, there was more rain than usual. Food and cattle production increased and so did the population.

Before long, there were too many people in these areas. The land began to suffer the effects. It was no longer protected by trees, which had been cut down for fírewood. The grass and bushes were gone, eaten by the eattle, sheep, and other animals. Animal manure was used for burning instead of for fertilizing the soil.

Then came a long period of no rain. The ruined top soil quickly blew away. The Sahara Desert advanced in some areas as much as 100 kilometers. In other areas, the semi-desert land became completely unproductive. Now millions of people have no way to make a living. Many have died of hunger, while others have moved to the already crowded cities.

The events in the Sahel were an important lesson for government officials and farmers around the world. But again, the lesson has been ignored. More and more people are hungry on our planet, but farmland continues to be ruined.

Câu hỏi số 71:

This passage is about________ .

Câu hỏi số 72:

According to the passage, the "Dust Bowl" _____ .

Câu hỏi số 73:

According to the passage, the dust storms ________ .

Câu hỏi số 74:

The word “it” in paragraph refers to _____ .

Câu hỏi số 75:

The word “destructive” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____ .

Câu hỏi số 76:

We can infer from this passage that chemical fertilizers _____ .

Câu hỏi số 77:

The problem of erosion is worst in ______ .

Câu hỏi số 78:

We can infer from this passage that one important factor in the Sahel disaster was the______ .  

Câu hỏi số 79:

The top soil in the Sahel was ruined by _____ .

Câu hỏi số 80:

Many people in the Sahel died of hunger because ______ .