Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Câu 1: It is often said that knowledge is the_________ power, and I cannot disagree with this.

A. way to 

B. key to

C. success of

D. aim at

Câu 2: Biochemists have solved many of the mysteries about photosynthesis, the process ___ plants make food.  

A. by which

B. in that

C. which

D. through it

Câu 3: The couple_____________ in the castle for several months before they noticed anything odd.  

A. have been living

B. have lived

C. had been living

D. were living

Câu 4: The ozone layer is becoming depleted; ________  , there are more cases of skin cancer every year.  

A. however 

B. therefore

C. in contrast

D. on the other hand

Câu 5: They were_____________ in conversation and didn’t noticed me entering the room.

A. A. thoroughly

B. far

C. deep

D. long

Câu 6: - “How does this machine work exactly?” -  "  ________ "

A. It’s very simple. I'll show you.

B. What have you done to it ?

C. Certainly.

D. It’s my pleasure.

Câu 7: ______________ , the young woman was visibly very happy after the birth of her child.  

A. Despite tired

B. Though tired

C. Tired although she was

D. She was tired

Câu 8: A cold environment can slow down the worm’s ____ cycle.

A. reproduce

B. productive

C. reproduction

D. reproductive

Câu 9: Jim’s father agreed to buy him a new bike________ he took lessons.

A. in case

B. supposing that

C. as long as

D. unless

Câu 10: - “Do you like that advanced training course you’re taking, James?” - " ________ "

A. No, not everyone.

B. No, thanks.

C. Not me. I’m still waiting.

D. By and large, yes..

Câu 11: I wonder if you could ______ me a small favour, John?

A. do 

B. give

C. make

D. bring

Câu 12: If I had listened to my parents, I________ at this job now.

A. don't have to work       

B. am not working

C. wouldn’t be working 

D. wouldn’t have worked

Câu 13: ______________ finish on time, Joe stayed up all night.

A. In order that he

B. In order to

C. So as not to

D. So that he can 

Câu 14: Teenagers ______ photos of pop stars on their bedroom walls.

A. are often sticking

B. often stick

C. will often stick

D. have often stuck

Câu 15: Jane: “Do you know where Dave is?” Paul: “ ______  ”

A. I'm afraid I don't.

B. Pardon, I don’t know.

C. It’s no use.

D. Why not?

Câu 16: In the future, global warming _________ human life will become impossible.

A. will be increasing at

B. increases to

C. may increase to

D. will increase

Câu 17: As forests are being destroyed, there are ______ available to absorb the carbon and recycle it into oxygen.  

A. fewer trees

B. less trees

C. more trees

D. little trees

Câu 18: Before anyone steps on that stage, you _____ make sure it’s secure.

A. would better

B. had better

C. would rather 

D. would prefer 

Câu 19: The captain is the last person_______ the sinking ship.

A. who left

B. to leave

C.  that leave

D. leaves

Câu 20: Heavy snowfall made ________ planes to land or take off.

A. it impossible

B. impossible for

C. it impossible for

D. impossible

Câu 21: Cotton shirts feels_______ than polyester ones.

A. much softer

B. more softly

C. far more softer

D. far more softly

Câu 22: Everything__________ slow me down when I’m in a hungry.

A. seem to

B. seems

C. seems to

D. is seeming to

Câu 23: ______ of the two restaurants provides facilities for the handicapped.

A. Both

B. Neither

C. None

D. Not either

Câu 24: A man in his forties often begins to think about _____ the world and not just about himself.

A. making a contribution to

B. contribution to

C. contributing

D. making contribution

Câu 25: Part-time workers at the company are the first_____ .

A. A. that is laid off

B. who lay off

C. being laid off

D. to be laid off 

Câu 26: Scientists warn that many of the world’s great cities are _____ flooding.

A. endangered

B. in danger of

C. at risk

D. being

Câu 27: Most of the diseases are caused by the unhygienic surroundings ________ people live.

A. which

B. in that

C. in where

D. in which

Câu 28: Unemployment, reduced buying capacity, and over - production are____ the most obvious problems.  

A. only some of

B. just several

C. jus any of

D. none of 

Câu 29: The pictures of seals being killed in the arctic had a tremendous impact___ public opinion.  

A. over

B. with

C. on

D. against

Câu 30: E-mail allows people _____________  in touch, regardless of distance.

A. staying

B. stay

C. to have stayed  

D. to stay

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the questions . 

Câu 31: Everyone ought to know the basic steps that follow  in case of  an emergency.

A. Everyone

B. that follow

C. in case of

D. an

Câu 32: We should  have played  much better than we do.

A. should

B. have played

C. much better

D. we do

Câu 33: Sue’s mother is a hairdresser, but Sue is not interested in  becoming it.

A. a hairdresser

B. but

C. interested in

D. becoming it

Câu 34: It announced today that an enquiry would be held into the collapse of a high-rise apartment block in Kuala Lumpur last week.

A. It announced

B. would be held

C. high-rise

D. block

Câu 35: The effects of wind and water in rock surfaces can often cause  erosion.

A. The effects 

B. in

C. cause

D. erosion

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions 

Câu 36:

A. heritage

B. population

C. exploration

D. economics

Câu 37:

A. familiar

B. commercial

C.  erosion

D. guidance

Câu 38:

A. prevention

B. community

C. acceptable

D. remedy

Câu 39:

A. consume

B. proportion

C. conscious

D. empower

Câu 40:

A. endangered

B. resolution

C. attempt

D. determine

Mark the letter A, B, C,or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 

Câu 41: When did you start playing chess?

A. How long have you started playing chess?

B. Since when have you been playing chess?

C. How long did you start playing chess?

D. How long ago have you played chess?

Câu 42: The news surprised everyone in the family.

A. Everyone was surprised by the news in the family.

B. The news made everyone surprised in the family.

C. The news made everyone in the family surprise.

D. Everyone in the family found the news surprising.

Câu 43: According to a journalist’s report, there was a heavy loss of lives in the disaster.

A. It is reported that there was a heavy loss of lives in the disaster.

B. There reported to have a heavy loss of lives in the disaster.

C. A journalist reports that the lives were lost heavily in the disaster.

D. A heavy loss of lives is reported to be in the disaster.

Câu 44: Apparently the car did not sustain any damage.

A. The car seems to have sustained some damage.

B. The car appears not to have sustained any damage.

C. It looks as if the car did not sustain any apparent damage.

D. It is apparent that the damage to the car was not sustainable.

Câu 45: If I were you, I would take a rest.

A. I think you should take a rest.

B. You would better take a rest.

C. Why didn’t you take a rest?

D. Let’s take a rest, shall we?

Câu 46: Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon first.

A. Neil Armstrong was the first step on the moon.

B. It was Neil Armstrong who stepping on the moon first.

C. Neil Armstrong was the first to step on the moon.

D. Neil Armstrong was the first stepping on the moon.

Câu 47: “I’ll return it tomorrow afternoon,” said Lucy.

A. Lucy offered to return it tomorrow afternoon.

B. Lucy said me she would return it tomorow aftemoon.

C. Lucy agreed to come back tomorrow afternoon.

D. Lucy promised to return it tomorrow afternoon.

Câu 48: Would you like to go out for a coffee?

A. Do you fancy going out for a coffee?

B. Do you feel like to go out for a coffee?

C. What about a coffee outside?

D. What do you want for your coffee?

Câu 49: My father couldn’t stand Tom’s behaviour.

A. My father found Tom’s behaviour intolerant.

B. My father was tolerant towards Tom’s behavior.

C. My father found Tom’s behaviour intolerable.

D. Tom's behaviour was not tolerable.

Câu 50: This question is even harder than the last one.

A. The last question is not difficult.

B. This question is the most difficult one.

C. The last question is difficult but this one is more difficult.

D. This question is hard but the last one is not.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 51 to 60.

British parents are always complaining that their children spend too much time glued to the telly and not enough time on other activities (51) ____ sports and reading. A survey recently (52) ____ on  people’s viewing habits does not disprove this. It shows that young people in Britain spend on average 23 hours a week in front of the television, (53) ____ works out at over three hours every day.

(54) ____ is surprising, however, is the fact that the average adult watches even more: an incredible 28 hours a week. We (55) ____ to have become a nation of addicts. Just about every household in the country has a television and over half have two or more. According to the survey, people just watch television sitting in their living-rooms, they watch it in the kitchen and in bed (56) ____ .

The Education Minister said a few weeks ago that Britain’s pupils (57) ____ spend more time reading. Unfortunately, parents are not setting a good example: adults do (58) ____ reading than young people. In fact, reading is at the (59) ____ of their list of favouring pastimes. They would (60) ____ listen to the radio, go to the cinema or hire a video to watch on their televisions at home.

Câu 51: _____ (51)

A. such

B. like

C. as

D. alike

Câu 52: _____ (52)

A. investigated

B. researched

C. carried

D. carried out

Câu 53: _____ (53)

A. that

B. which

C. this

D. it

Câu 54: ______ (54)

A. what

B. It

C. The thing

D. This

Câu 55: _____ (55)

A. seem

B. ought

C. used

D. would like

Câu 56: ______ (56)

A. in addition

B. as well

C. more

D. moreover

Câu 57: ______ (57)

A. might

B. could

C. should

D. would

Câu 58: ______ (58)

A. more

B. less

C. little

D. fewer

Câu 59: ______ (59)

A. tail

B. top

C. beginning

D. bottom

Câu 60: ______ (60)

A. better

B. rather

C. prefer

D. like

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .

Life on Mars: Does it Exist?

In 1976, two American spacecraft landed on Mars in order to search for signs of life. The tests that the Viking landers performed had negative results. However, scientists still have questions about our close neighbour in space. They want to investigate further into the possibility of life on Mars.

Scientists’ interest in the Red Planet is based on an assumption. They believe that 4.5 billion years ago, Mars and Earth began their existence under similar conditions. During the first billion years, liquid water - in contrast to ice - was abundant on the surface of Mars. This is an indication that mars was much warmer at that time. Mars also had a thicker atmosphere of carbon dioxide (CO2). Many scientists think it is possible that life began under these favourable conditions. After all, Earth had the same conditions during its first billion years, when life arose. At some point in time, Earth developed an atmosphere which is rich in oxygen, and an ozone layer. Ozone (O3) is a form of oxygen. The ozone layer protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet light from the Sun. While life not only began on Earth, it also survived and became more complex. In contrast, Mars lost its thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Ultraviolet radialion intensified. The planet eventually grew colder, and its water Froze. (...)

Scientists believe there are other areas on Mars that are similar: specific places on Earth which support life. For example, an area in Antarctica, southern Victoria Land, which is not covered by ice. Resemble an area on Mars. In its dry valleys, the temperature in southern Victoria Land averages below zero, yet biologists found simple life forms (microorganisms) in rocks and frozen lakes. Perhaps this is also true of places on Mars.

Scientists want another investigation of Mars. They want to search for fossils, the ancient remains of life. If life ever existed on Mars, future missions may find records of it under sand or in the ice.

Even if future missions discover no evidence of past or present life on Mars, the new missions may clarify our understanding of how life begins. Scientists will better understand the conditions that are necessary for the survival of life - on Earth or in the universe. They will look for the answers to other intriguing questions. How is the Earth different from Mars? How can we explain the development of life here on our planet and not on Mars, our close neighbour? Are we alone in the universe?

Câu 61: What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Two spacecraft looked for evidence of life on Mars, but they were unsuccessful.

B. Scientists are interested in the possibility that there is or was life on Mars.

C. Mars is quite similar to Earth but there is no form of life on it. 

D. Scientists are interested in how Mars is different from the Earth.

Câu 62: The phrase “our close neighbour in space” refers to _______ . 

A. the Viking spacecraft

B. the Sun

C. Mars

D. people living on Mars

Câu 63: Which of the following statements is true?

A. Mars is much older than Earth.

B. The Earth is much older than Mars.

C. Mars and Earth are the same age.

D. Mars was much warmer than Earth during the fírst billion years. 

Câu 64: According to paragraph 2, what form does the water on Mars have today?

A. liquid 

B. solid

C. gas 

D. We don’t know.

Câu 65: What do CO2 and O3 in paragraph represent?

A. chemical symbols

B. abbreviations

C. amounts of gases

D. the elements of the atmosphere 

Câu 66: According to paragraph 4, what are fossils?

A. a source of fuel

B. a part of natural resources

C. the ancient remains of life

D. the ancient remains of Martians 

Câu 67: What is the purpose of the dash ( — ) as used in the last paragraph?

A. to add extra information

B. to give a definition

C. to give an explanation or example

D. to connect two sentences 

Câu 68: In the beginning, Earth and Mars were similar in that _________ .

A. Liquid water was abundant on their surface.

B. Their atmosphere was rich in oxygen.

C. Simple forms of life arose on both planets.

D. They both lost their thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide.

Câu 69: Which of the following is true?

A. American spacecraft discovered life on Mars in 1976.

B. Scientists do not want to investigate life on Mars any more.

C. Scientists believe there is liquid water on Mars now.

D. cientists believe they may find ancient remains of life on Mars under sand or ice.

Câu 70: According to the passage, in the future scientists want to look for ______.

A. evidence of past and present life on Mars.

B. the conditions necessary for the survival of life on Mars.

C. the explanation for the development of life on Earth but not on Mars.

D. the answers to the environmental problems.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .

From Farmland to Desert

It doesn't take long lo turn farmland into desert. American farmers found this out in the 1930s. They planted wheat in large areas of grassland in the south central United States. For a few years there was plenty of rain and lots of wheat. Then the rains stopped, as they often do in this dry region. The wheat dried up and the top soil tumed to dust. Before long, it had all blown away in great dust storms. The area became known as the "Dust Bowl".

What happened in the Dust Bowl is a perfect example of erosion caused by modern farming methods. Top soil blows away more easily when it is no longer protected by grasses or trees. In ten years or less, several feet of good soil can disappear. And once it is gone, there is no way to get it back quickly. It may takefrom one hundred to a thousand years for new top soil to form.

Unfortunately, it seems that farmers have not learned from the example of the Dust Bowl. In the United States alone, five billion tons of top soil are lost every year. Farmers continue to use the same destructive methods. They plant the same crops and use tons of chemical fertilizers.

The situation in other parts of the world is even more serious. The total loss of top soil worldwide is 24 billion tons a year. Areas of the earth with a dry dimate (about one third of the planet) are hit worst. In these areas, about 12 million hectares of land are lost to agriculture per year because of erosion.

In developing countries, this often leads to hunger and death. The recent history of one part of Africa, the Sahel, is a good example. In the 1960s and 1970s much good farmland was taken over for export crops, such as sugar and cotton. Many people moved into the drier interior areas to grovv their food.During that period, there was more rain than usual. Food and cattle production increased and so did the population.

Before long, there were too many people in these areas. The land began to suffer the effects. It was no longer protected by trees, which had been cut down for fírewood. The grass and bushes were gone, eaten by the eattle, sheep, and other animals. Animal manure was used for burning instead of for fertilizing the soil.

Then came a long period of no rain. The ruined top soil quickly blew away. The Sahara Desert advanced in some areas as much as 100 kilometers. In other areas, the semi-desert land became completely unproductive. Now millions of people have no way to make a living. Many have died of hunger, while others have moved to the already crowded cities.

The events in the Sahel were an important lesson for government officials and farmers around the world. But again, the lesson has been ignored. More and more people are hungry on our planet, but farmland continues to be ruined.

Câu 71: This passage is about________ .

A. the "Dust Bowl."

B. how farmers can ruin the land.

C. the problem of erosion around the world.

D. the loss of top soil in the African Sahel.

Câu 72: According to the passage, the "Dust Bowl" _____ .

A. is a naturally dusty area.

B. used to be desert.

C. was always green farmland.

D. used to be grassland.

Câu 73: According to the passage, the dust storms ________ .

A. started after farmers planted wheat.

B. were always present in that area.

C. stopped when it rained.

D. brought lots of good top soil.

Câu 74: The word “it” in paragraph refers to _____ .

A. the Dust Bowl

B. this dry region.

C. the dust formed from the top soil.

D. the great dust storm.

Câu 75: The word “destructive” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____ .

A. causing serious damage

B. scientific

C. old-fashioned

D. new and effective 

Câu 76: We can infer from this passage that chemical fertilizers _____ .

A. help keep the top soil.

B. help destroy the soil.

C. do not have any effect on the soil.

D. are not used much by American farmers.

Câu 77: The problem of erosion is worst in ______ .

A. the Central United States.

B. the desert.

C. Africa.

D. the dry regions of the world.

Câu 78: We can infer from this passage that one important factor in the Sahel disaster was the______ .  

A. international demand for export crops.

B. expansion of the Sahara Desert.

C. worldwide change in climate.

D. lack of good top soil in Africa.

Câu 79: The top soil in the Sahel was ruined by _____ .

A. the plantins of export crops.

B. the effects of too many people and animals.

C. too much manure from cattle and sheep.

D. too much rain for too many years.

Câu 80: Many people in the Sahel died of hunger because ______ .

A. there were too many sheep and cattle.

B. there were terrible dust storms.

C. there were no trees for firewood.

D. The land was no longer any good for farming.