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Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is correct and closest in meaning to each of the following sentences
Câu 1: Although it is not a threat to humans, the Bespectacled Bear is killed as it does damage to agriculture.
Câu 2: Some scientists think that a meteor impact, which occurred around 65 million years ago, may have caused the extinction of the dinasaurs.
Câu 3: There are two interesting things I found in The Last Leaf by O. Henry in addition to the general theme of death and dying.
Câu 4: Many have said that if he had not needed the money as a writer, he would have had the freedom to explore his potential.
Câu 5: When he asked which one I wanted, I said I didn’t mind.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 9 to 18.
What is meant by the term economic resources? In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the (9) _________of goods and services. Economic resources can be broken down into (10) _________ general categories: property resource – land and capital, and human resources – labor and entrepreneurial skills.
What do economists mean (11) __________land? Much more than the non-economist, land refers to all the natural resources (12) ________ are usable in the production process: arable land, forests, mineral and oil deposits, and (13)__________ on. What about capital? Capital goods are all the man-made aids to producing, storing, transporting, and distributing goods and (14) __________. Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that (15) __________ satisfy wants directly, while the former do so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods. It should be noted that capital as defined here does not (16) ___________ to money. Money, as such, produces nothing.
The term labor refers to the physical and mental talents of humans used to produce goods and services (with the exception of a certain set of human talents, entrepreneurial skills, which will be considered separately because of their special significance). Thus the services of a factory worker or an office worker, a ballet (17) ___________ or an astronaut all fall (18) __________ the general heading of labor.
Câu 9: _______ (09)
Câu 10: _______ (10)
Câu 11: _______ (11)
Câu 12: _______ (12)
Câu 13: _______ (13)
Câu 14: _______ (14)
Câu 15: _______ (15)
Câu 16: _______ (16)
Câu 17: _______ (17)
Câu 18: _______ (18)
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet that best completes each sentence.
Câu 21: Only for a short period of time __________ run at top speed.
Câu 22: Manufacturers can help conserve mineral and timber supplies ___________.
Câu 23: ___________ that hunted other animals tended to have very narrow, sharp, curved claws.
Câu 24: ___________ at the Isthmus of Panama, so animals were able to migrate between North andSouth America.
Câu 25: For more than a decade, ___________ that certain species are becoming scarce.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase closest in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions .
Câu 26: Biogas can be utilized for electricity production, cooking, space heating, water heating and process heating.
Câu 27: We spent the entire day looking for a new apartment.
Câu 28: I used to meet him occasionally onFifth Avenue.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 29: A cooperative program between China and Germany on building Yangzhow, a famous ancient city, into a(n) ________ city has proceeded smoothly since it started in September last year.
Câu 30: She brought three children up __________.
Câu 31: He left the country __________ arrest if he returned.
Câu 32: - “What do you do for a living?” – “___________.”
Câu 33: “Jane is really conscientious, isn’t she?” “Absolutely. ___________, she is very efficient”
Câu 34: I know you didn’t see me yesterday because I was inHanoi. You __________ me.
Câu 35: With competition from __________ the British coal industry is facing a serious ___________.
Câu 36: Joe, remember that I’m __________ you to see that there’s no trouble at the party on Sunday.
Câu 37: “Excuse me. I’m your new neighbor. I just moved in.” “__________.”
Câu 38: The city has __________ of young consumers who are sensitive to trends, and can, therefore, help industries predict the potential risks and success of products.
Câu 39: Simple sails were made from canvas __________ over a frame.
Câu 40: Governments shoud __________ international laws against terrorism.
Câu 41: She had just enough time to __________ the report before the meeting.
Câu 42: Students can __________ a lot of information just by attending class and taking good notes of the lectures.
Câu 43: In 1975, the successful space probe to __________ beginning to send information back to earth.
Câu 44: He was a natural singer with a voice that was as clear as_________.
Câu 45: He may be shy now, but he will soon come out of his __________ when he meets the right girl.
Câu 46: The documentary was so __________ that many viewers cried.
Câu 47: Some __________ back workers were working hard in the sunshine.
Câu 48: Space travel seemed __________ but it has come true now.
Câu 49: We’d better phone __________ the restaurant to reserve a table.
Câu 50: “Have you __________ this contract yet?” - “Not yet. I’ll try to read it this weekend.
Câu 51: ___________ giraffe is the tallest of all __________animals.
Câu 52: -“I’m going out now.” - “__________ you happen to pass a chemist’s, would you get me some aspirins?”
Câu 53: By the year 2050, many people currently employed __________ their jobs.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions .
Câu 54: During the five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects.
Câu 55: She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphans.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer to each of the questions .
Quite different from storm surges are the giant sea waves called tsunamis, which derive their name from the Japanese expression for “high water in a harbor.” These waves are also referred to by the general public as tidal waves, although they have relatively little to do with tides. Scientists often referred to them as seismic sea waves, far more appropriate in that they do result from undersea seismic activity.
Tsunamis are caused when the sea bottom suddenly moves, during an underwater earthquake or volcano for example, and the water above the moving earth is suddenly displaced. This sudden shift of water sets off a series of waves. These waves can travel great distances at speeds close to 700 kilometers per hour. In the open ocean, tsunamis have little noticeable amplitude, often no more than one or two meters. It is when they hit the shallow waters near the coast that they increase in height, possibly up to 40 meters.
Tsunamis often occur in the Pacific because the Pacific is an area of heavy seismic activity. Two areas of the Pacific well accustomed to the threat of tsunamis are Japanand Hawaii. Because the seismic activity that causes tsunamis in Japanoften occurs on the ocean bottom quite close to the islands, the tsunamis that hit Japanoften come with little warning and can, therefore, prove disastrous. Most of the tsunamis that hit the Hawaiian Islands, however, originate thousands of miles away near the coast of Alaska, so these tsunamis have a much greater distance to travel and the inhabitants of Hawaiigenerally have time for warning of their imminent arrival.
Tsunamis are certainly not limited to Japanand Hawaii. In 1755, Europe experienced a calamitous tsunami, when movement along the fault lines near the Azores caused a massive tsunami to sweep onto the Portuguese coast and flood the heavily populated area around Lisbon. The greatest tsunami on record occurred on the other side of the world in 1883 when the Krakatoa volcano underwent a massive explosion, sending waves more than 30 meters high onto nearby Indonesian islands; the tsunami from this volcano actually traveled around the world and was witnessed as far away as the English Channel.
Câu 56: The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses ________ .
Câu 57: According to the passage, all of the following are true about tidal waves EXCEPT that ________ .
Câu 58: The word “displaced” in line 7 is closest in meaning to ________ .
Câu 59: It can be inferred from the passage that tsunamis _______ .
Câu 60: In line 10, water that is “shallow” is NOT ________ .
Câu 61: A main difference between tsunamis in Japan and in Hawaii is that tsunamis in Japan are more likely to _________ .
Câu 62: The possessive “their” in line 18 refers to _________ .
Câu 63: A “calamitous” tsunami, in line 20, is one that is _______ .
Câu 64: From the expression “on record” in line 22, it can be inferred that the tsunami that accompanied the Krakatoa volcano ___________ .
Câu 65: The passage suggests that the tsunami resulting from the Krakatoa volcano _________.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer to each of the questions .
Esperanto is what is called a planned, or artificial, language. It was created more than a century ago by Polish eye doctor Ludwik Lazar Zamenhof. Zamenhof believed that a common language would help to alleviate some of the misunderstandings among cultures.
In Zamenhof’s first attempt at a universal language, he tried to create a language that was as uncomplicated as possible. This first language included words such as ab, ac, ba, eb, be, and ce. This did not result in a workable language in that these monosyllabic words, though short, were not easy to understand or to retain.
Next, Zamenhof tried a different way of constructing a simplified language. He made the words in his language sound like words that people already knew, but he simplified the grammar tremendously. One example of how he simplified the language can be seen in the suffixes: all nouns in this language end in o, as in the noun amiko, which means “friend”, and all adjectives end in -a, as in the adjective bela, which means “pretty”. Another example of the simplified language can be seen in the prefix mal-, which makes a word opposite in meaning; the word malamiko therefore means “enemy”, and the word malbela therefore means “ugly” in Zamenhof’s language.
In 1887, Zamenhof wrote a description of this language and published it. He used a pen name, Dr. Esperanto, when signing the book. He selected the name Esperanto because this word means “a person who hopes” in his language. Esperanto clubs began popping up throughout Europe, and by 1950, Esperanto had spread from Europe toAmerica andAsia.
In 1905, the First World Congress of Esperanto took place inFrance, with approximately700 attendees from 20 different countries. Congresses were held annually for nine years, and 4,000 attendees were registered for the Tenth World Esperanto Congress scheduled for 1914, when World War I erupted and forced its cancellation.
Esperanto has had its ups and downs in the period since World War I. Today, years after it was introduced, it is estimated that perhaps a quarter of a million people are fluent in it. This may seem like a large number, but it is really quite small when compared with the billion English speakers and billion Mandarin Chinese speakers in today’s world. Current advocates would like to see its use grow considerably and are taking steps to try to make this happen.
Câu 66: The topic of this passage is __________ .
Câu 67: According to the passage, Zamenhof wanted to create a universal language _______ .
Câu 68: It can be inferred from the passage that the Esperanto word malespera means ______ .
Câu 69: The expression “popping up” in line 17 could best be replaced by _______ .
Câu 70: It can be inferred from the passage that the Third World Congress of Esperanto took place __________ .
Câu 71: According to the passage, what happened to the Tenth World Esperanto Congress?
Câu 72: The expression “ups and downs” in line 23 is closest in meaning to ______ .
Câu 73: Which paragraph describes the predecessor to Esperanto?
Câu 74: The passage would most likely be assigned reading in a course on _________ .
Câu 75: The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses _________ .
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Câu 76: Because of its ability to survive close to human habitations, the Virginia deer has actually increased their range and numbers.
Câu 77: A 1971 U.S government policy not only put warnings on cigarette packs but also ban television advertising of cigarettes.
Câu 78: In the 1920s, Tulsahad a higher number of millionaire than any other U.S. city.
Câu 79: Snapping turtles are easily recognized because of the large head, the long tail and the shell that seems unsufficiently to protect the body.
Câu 80: Some of the agricultural practices used today is responsible for fostering desertification.