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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 1: I have two sisters, ______.
Câu 2: Switch off all the lights ______.
Câu 3: ______, the less polluted the environment will be.
Câu 4: It is believed ______.
Câu 5: ______ that she does not want to stay any longer.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .
One of the factors contributing to the intense nature of twenty-first-century stress is our continual exposure to media – particularly to an overabundance of news. If you feel stressed out by the news, you are far from alone. Yet somehow many of us seem unable to prevent ourselves from tuning in to an extreme degree.
The further back we go in human history, the longer news took to travel from place to place, and the less news we had of distant people and lands altogether. The printing press obviously changed all that, as did every subsequent development in transportation and telecommunication.
When television came along, it proliferated like a population of rabbits. In 1950, there were 100,000 television sets in North American homes; one year later there were more than a million. Today, it’s not unusual for a home to have three or more television sets, each with cable access to perhaps over a hundred channels. News is the subject of many of those channels, and on several of them it runs 24 hours a day.
What’s more, after the traumatic events of September 11, 2001, live newscasts were paired with perennial text crawls across the bottom of the screen – so that viewers could stay abreast of every story all the time.
Needless to say, the news that is reported to us is not good news, but rather disturbing images and sound bytes alluding to disaster (natural and man-made), upheaval, crime, scandal, war, and the like. Compounding the problem is that when actual breaking news is scarce, most broadcasts fill in with scare stories about things that possibly might threaten our health, safety, finances, relationships, waistline, hairline, or very existence in the future. This variety of story tends to treat with equal alarm a potentially lethal flu outbreak and the bogus claims of a wrinkle cream that overpromises smooth skin.
Are humans meant to be able to process so much trauma – not to mention so much overblown anticipation of potential trauma – at once? The human brain, remember, is programmed to slip into alarm mode when danger looms. Danger looms for someone, somewhere at every moment. Exposing ourselves to such input without respite and without perspective cannot be anything other than a source of chronic stress.
(Extracted from The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Beating Stress by Arlene Matthews Uhl - Penguin Group 2006)
Câu 6: According to the passage, which of the following has contributed to the intense nature of twenty-first-century stress?
Câu 7: In the past, we had less news of distant people and lands because ______.
Câu 8: The pronoun “them” in paragraph 3 refers to ______.
Câu 9: The word “traumatic” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 10: According to the passage, when there is not enough actual breaking news, broadcasts ______.
Câu 11: As stated in the passage, a flu outbreak and the bogus claims of a wrinkle cream tend to ______.
Câu 12: Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
Câu 13: The word “slip” in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 14: According to the passage, our continual exposure to bad news without perspective is obviously ______.
Câu 15: What is probably the best title for this passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest in each of the following questions.
Câu 17: supply
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks from 21 to 30.
The popular image of student life is of young people with few responsibilities enjoying themselves and (21)______ very little work. This is often not true. Many older people now study at college or university, sometimes (22)______ a part-time basis while having a job and looking after a family. These students are often (23)______ motivated and work very hard.
Younger students are often thought to be lazy and careless about money but this (24)______ is changing. In Britain reduced government support for higher education means that students can no longer rely on having their expenses (25)______ for them. Formerly, students received a grant towards their living expenses. Now most can only get a loan (26)______ has to be paid back. Since 1999 they have paid over £1 000 towards tuition (27)______ and this amount will increase up to a maximum of £3 000. In the US students already (28)______ pay for tuition and room and board. Many get a financial aid package which may (29)______ grants, scholarships and loans. The fear of having large debts places (30)______ pressure on students and many take part-time jobs during the term and work full-time in the vacations.
(Extracted from Oxford Guide to British and American Culture – Oxford Advanced Learner’s Compass)
Câu 21: ______ (21)
Câu 22: ______ (22)
Câu 23: ______ (23)
Câu 24: ______ (24)
Câu 25: ______ (25)
Câu 26: ______ (26)
Câu 27: ______ (27)
Câu 28: ______ (28)
Câu 29: ______ (29)
Câu 30: ______ (30)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Câu 31: Take this route and you will get to the village.
Câu 32: I have never used a more fascinating MP3 player than this one.
Câu 33: I think it is more enjoyable to play a sport than to watch it on TV.
Câu 34: “Trust me! Do not invest all your money in one company,” said my friend.
Câu 35: “May I see your passport, Mrs Scott?” said the customs officer.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Câu 36: In spite of the heavy rain, all we enjoyed the excursion.
Câu 37: Wood is an excellent resource for heating homes , cooking food, and build houses.
Câu 38: Opened the letter from her boyfriend, she felt extremely excited .
Câu 39: The children wish that they have more free time to play football.
Câu 40: A dolphin can communicate with other by making distinctive sounds.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions
Câu 41: Susan, remember to apply this sun cream ______ two hours.
Câu 42: Parts of the country are suffering water ______ after the unusually dry summer.
Câu 43: He gave ______ his job in order to go back to university.
Câu 44: The police have begun an ______ into the accident which happened this afternoon.
Câu 45: No sooner ______ my car than the alarm went off.
Câu 46: College students are becoming less dependent ______ their teachers.
Câu 47: ______ he was tired, he still watched the final match on TV.
Câu 48: How long ago ______ to learn French?
Câu 49: My teacher reminded me ______ my essay carefully before handing it in.
Câu 50: I’d rather you ______ to the English-speaking club with me this Sunday.
Câu 51: That cannot be a true story. He ______ it up.
Câu 52: Sarah: “Oh my God, I’ve missed my bus.” Christ: “______. Another will come here in ten minutes.”
Câu 53: Jack: “What’s wrong with you?” Jill: “______.”
Câu 54: There is a good film ______ TV tonight. Will you watch it?
Câu 55: The teacher said that I would be able to speak English fluently ______ six months.
Câu 56: Nowadays, most students use ______ calculators in their studies and examinations.
Câu 57: Parts of the mountain road have been washed ______ after the floods.
Câu 58: I hope you will ______ notice of what I am going to tell you.
Câu 59: She was ______ angry that she could not say a word.
Câu 60: Neither Tom nor his brothers ______ willing to help their mother with the housework.
Câu 61: Spain has won the championship, ______ is not surprising.
Câu 62: This carpet really needs ______. Can you do it for me, son?
Câu 63: Mary: “Do you mind if I sit here?” Laura: “______”
Câu 64: Instead of staying around the house all day, you should be out there looking ______ a job.
Câu 65: They are having their house ______ by a construction company.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 66: A special exhibition of Indian art will be opened at the National Museum next month.
Câu 67: Traffic began to flow normally again after the accident.
Câu 68: Don’t be concerned about your mother’s illness; she’ll recover soon.
Read the following passage on climate change, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .
Experts in climatology and other scientists are becoming extremely concerned about the changes to our climate which are taking place. Admittedly, climate changes have occurred on our planet before. For example, there have been several ice ages or glacial periods.
These climatic changes, however, were different from the modern ones in that they occurred gradually and, as far as we know, naturally. The changes currently being monitored are said to be the result not of natural causes, but of human activity. Furthermore, the rate of change is becoming alarmingly rapid.
The major problem is that the planet appears to be warming up. According to some experts, this warming process, known as global warming, is occurring at a rate unprecedented in the last 10,000 years. The implications for the planet are very serious. Rising global temperatures could give rise to such ecological disasters as extremely high increases in the incidence of flooding and of droughts. These in turn could have a harmful effect on agriculture.
It is thought that this unusual warming of the Earth has been caused by so-called greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, being emitted into the atmosphere by car engines and modern industrial processes, for example. Such gases not only add to the pollution of the atmosphere, but also create a greenhouse effect, by which the heat of the sun is trapped. This leads to the warming up of the planet.
Politicians are also concerned about climate change and there are now regular summits on the subject, attended by representatives from around 180 of the world's industrialized countries. Of these summits, the most important took place in Kyoto in Japan in 1997. There it was agreed that the most industrialized countries would try to reduce the volume of greenhouse gas emissions and were given targets for this reduction of emissions.
It was also suggested that more forests should be planted to create so-called sinks to absorb greenhouse gases. At least part of the problem of rapid climate change has been caused by too drastic deforestation.
Sadly, the targets are not being met. Even more sadly, global warnings about climate changes are often still being regarded as scaremongering.
(From Read and Understand 2 by Betty Kirkpatrick & Rebecca Mok - Learners Publishing Pte Ltd 2005)
Câu 69: According to the passage, in what way did the climate changes in the ice ages differ from the modern ones?
Câu 70: The word “alarmingly” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 71: According to the passage, agriculture could ______.
Câu 72: Greenhouse gases cause the warming up of the Earth because they ______.
Câu 73: According to the passage, 1997 witnessed ______.
Câu 74: It can be inferred from the passage that the countries which are mainly responsible for global warming are ______.
Câu 75: The word “There” in paragraph 5 refers to ______.
Câu 76: Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
Câu 77: The word “drastic” in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 78: What is probably the writer’s attitude toward global warming?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 79: His boss has had enough of his impudence , and doesn't want to hire him any more.
Câu 80: She was unhappy that she lost contact with a lot of her old friends when she went abroad to study.