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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 6: Not until he got home he realised he had forgotten to give her the present.
Câu 7: A novel is a story long enough to fill a complete book, in that the characters and events are usually imaginary.
Câu 8: A lot of people stop smoking because they are afraid their health will be affected and early death.
Câu 9: He has hardly never given a more impressive performance than this.
Câu 10: The student must have her assessment form fill in by the examiner during the oral exam.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 11: They live on a busy road. ______ a lot of noise from traffic.
Câu 12: He died ______ lung cancer last month, leaving his wife in great shock.
Câu 13: Lora: “Do you mind if I turn on the fan?” Maria: “______.”
Câu 14: Due to ever more spreading poaching, there ______ a dramatic decline in the number of elephants over the last decade.
Câu 15: He came ______ a lot of criticism for the remarks he made in a television interview.
Câu 16: He is a very intelligent boy; ______, he sometimes gets bad marks.
Câu 17: She started the course two months ago but dropped ______ after only a month.
Câu 18: Tom: “Can I have another cup of tea?” Christy: “______.”
Câu 19: ______ that Columbus discovered America.
Câu 20: Nowadays, with the help of the computer, teachers have developed a ______ approach to teaching.
Câu 21: I ______ work last week, but I changed my mind.
Câu 22: The Principal usually has his pupils ______ waste paper for their mini-project.
Câu 23: She passed the National High School Graduation Exam with ______ colours.
Câu 24: Although we have a large number of students, each one receives ______ attention.
Câu 25: Geometry is a branch of mathematics ______ the properties of lines, curves, shapes, and surfaces.
Câu 26: Ann: “Do you need any help?” Kate: “______.”
Câu 27: I can’t find my dictionary at the moment. I hope it will ______ up soon.
Câu 28: The children made ______ a funny story and wrote it on the card.
Câu 29: ______ make a good impression on her.
Câu 30: People don’t like the way he shows off, ______?
Câu 31: Anna is holding her shopping bag with one hand and turning the door handle with ______.
Câu 32: The language centre offers courses of various levels, such as elementary, intermediate and ______.
Câu 33: No matter how angry he was, he would never ______ to violence.
Câu 34: I ______ with my aunt when I am on holiday in Ho Chi Minh City next month.
Câu 35: The use of vitamin ______ and herbs has become increasingly popular among Americans.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 36: Although they hold similar political views, their religious beliefs present a striking contrast .
Câu 37: These were the people who advocated using force to stop school violence.
Câu 38: Within a week on display at the exhibition, the painting was hailed as a masterpiece .
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 39: The consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to the lack of precautionary measures.
Câu 40: Vietnam’s admission to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has promoted its trade relations with other countries.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Câu 41: No matter how hard Fred tried to lose weight, he did not succeed.
Câu 42: Fiona has been typing the report for an hour.
Câu 43: Soil erosion is a result of forests being cut down carelessly.
Câu 44: “I will not leave until I see the manager,” said the customer.
Câu 45: Walking on the grass in the park is not permitted.
Câu 46: She did not study hard enough to win the scholarship.
Câu 47: To my surprise, the stranger knew my name.
Câu 48: The situation was so embarrassing that she did not know what to do.
Câu 49: “Please accept my apology for arriving late,” said Janet to her employer.
Câu 50: She prefers going to the library to staying at home.
Read the following passage on social issues in American schools, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They must (51)______ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English. They must respond to demands (52)______ the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children. Schools must make sure that students develop (53)______ skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students, such as teenage mothers.
Schools are (54)______ these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system. They are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English (55)______ a second language and, in some communities, setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (56)______ the traditional European-centered curriculum to embrace material from African, Asian, and other cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the (57)______ 40 percent of American students who do not go on to higher education. In the (58)______ of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to (59)______ a start in America. They are no longer. A well-developed mind, a continued willingness to learn and the ability to put knowledge to work are the new keys (60)______ the future of our young people, the success of our business, and the economic well-being of the nation.”
(Extracted from InfoUSA – CD Version)
Câu 51: ______ (51)
Câu 52: ______ (52)
Câu 53: ______ (53)
Câu 54: ______ (54)
Câu 55: ______ (55)
Câu 56: ______ (56)
Câu 57: ______ (57)
Câu 58: ______ (58)
Câu 59: ______ (59)
Câu 60: ______ (60)
Read the following passage on architecture by Lawrence B. Anderson, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Architecture is the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: “Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight.” More prosaically, one would say today that architecture must satisfy its intended uses, must be technically sound, and must convey aesthetic meaning. But the best buildings are often so well constructed that they outlast their original use. They then survive not only as beautiful objects, but as documents of the history of cultures, achievements in architecture that testify to the nature of the society that produced them. These achievements are never wholly the work of individuals. Architecture is a social art.
Architectural form is inevitably influenced by the technologies applied, but building technology is conservative and knowledge about it is cumulative. Precast concrete, for instance, has not rendered brick obsolete. Although design and construction have become highly sophisticated and are often computer directed, this complex apparatus rests on preindustrial traditions inherited from millennia during which most structures were lived in by the people who erected them. The technical demands on building remain the elemental ones – to exclude enemies, to circumvent gravity, and to avoid discomforts caused by an excess of heat or cold or by the intrusion of rain, wind, or vermin. This is no trivial assignment even with the best modern technology.
The availability of suitable materials fostered the crafts to exploit them and influenced the shapes of buildings. Large areas of the world were once forested, and their inhabitants developed carpentry. Although it has become relatively scarce, timber remains an important building material.
Many kinds of stone lend themselves to building. Stone and marble were chosen for important monuments because they are incombustible and can be expected to endure. Stone is also a sculptural material; stone architecture was often integral with stone sculpture. The use of stone has declined, however, because a number of other materials are more amenable to industrial use and assembly. Some regions lack both timber and stone; their peoples used the earth itself, tamping certain mixtures into walls or forming them into bricks to be dried in the sun. Later they baked these substances in kilns, producing a range of bricks and tiles with greater durability.
(Extracted from Microsoft® Encarta® 2009 Encyclopedia – DVD Version)
Câu 61: According to the passage, the term “architecture” is normally used to refer to the designs and structures that have ______.
Câu 62: Which of the following is NOT considered an essential characteristic of architecture according to the passage?
Câu 63: When well-constructed buildings exist longer than their original use, they serve as ______.
Câu 64: The author uses the phrase “social art” in the first paragraph to emphasise that architecture is an ______.
Câu 65: According to the passage, knowledge about building technology ______.
Câu 66: The word “obsolete” in paragraph 2 mostly means ______.
Câu 67: Which of the following factors must be taken into account in both ancient and modern architecture according to the information in paragraph 2?
Câu 68: According to the passage, stone and marble were used for buildings of historical importance because they ______.
Câu 69: According to the passage, today stone has been used less as a building material because ______.
Câu 70: The word “their” in the last paragraph refers to ______.
Read the following passage on transport, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 71 to 80.
Most journeys in Britain and the US are made by road. Some of these are made on public transport but most are by private car.
In Britain many people rely on their cars for daily local activities, e.g. getting to work, doing the shopping, and visiting friends. People living in urban areas may use buses, trains or, in London, the Underground, to get to city centres, mainly because traffic is often heavy and it is difficult to find anywhere to park a car. Some places in the country may have a bus only two or three times a week so people living there have no choice but to rely on their cars.
In the US large cities have good public transportation systems. The El railroad in Chicago and the underground systems of New York, Boston, San Francisco and Washington, DC are heavily used. Elsewhere, most Americans prefer to use their cars. Families often have two cars and, outside major cities, have to drive fairly long distances to schools, offices, shops, banks, etc. Many college and even high-school students have their own cars.
Long-distance travel in Britain is also mainly by road, though railways link most towns and cities. Most places are linked by motorways or other fast roads and many people prefer to drive at their own convenience rather than use a train, even though they may get stuck in a traffic jam. Long-distance coach/bus services are usually a cheaper alternative to trains, but they take longer and may be less comfortable. Some long-distance travel, especially that undertaken for business reasons, may be by air. There are regular flights between regional airports, as well as to and from London. A lot of freight is also distributed by road, though heavier items and raw materials often go by rail.
In the US much long-distance travel is by air. America has two main long-distance bus companies, Greyhound and Trailways. Amtrak, the national network, provides rail services for passengers. Private railway companies such as Union Pacific now carry only freight, though in fact over 70% of freight goes by road.
The main problems associated with road transport in both Britain and the US are traffic congestion and pollution. It is predicted that the number of cars on British roads will increase by a third within a few years, making both these problems worse. The British government would like more people to use public transport, but so far they have had little success in persuading people to give up their cars or to share rides with neighbours. Most people say that public transport is simply not good enough. Americans too have resisted government requests to share cars because it is less convenient and restricts their freedom. Petrol/gasoline is relatively cheap in the US and outside the major cities public transport is bad, so they see no reason to use their cars less.
(Extracted from Oxford Guide to British and American Culture, Oxford University Press, 2000)
Câu 71: In Britain and the US most people travel by ______.
Câu 72: According to the passage, people in London may prefer the Underground to their own cars due to ______.
Câu 73: It is mentioned in paragraph 3 that the public transportation systems in the US are good in ______.
Câu 74: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
Câu 75: The phrase “at their own convenience” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.
Câu 76: Which of the following is true about transport in Britain?
Câu 77: According to the information in paragraph 5, long-distance travellers in the US can choose from ______ mode(s) of transport.
Câu 78: It is stated in the passage that the major problems of road transport in Britain and the US are ______.
Câu 79: According to the passage, people in Britain refuse public transport because ______.
Câu 80: The word “they” in the last sentence of the passage can best be replaced by ______.