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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 6 to 15.
In "Cerealizing America", Scott Bruce and Bill Crawford remark that the cereal industry uses 816 million pounds of sugar per year. Americans buy 2.7 billion packages of breakfast cereal each year. If (6)________ end to end, the empty cereal boxes from one year's consumption would (7)_________ to the moon and back. One point three (1.3) million advertisements for cereal are broadcast on American television every year at a(n) (8)______ of $762 million for airtime. Only automobile manufacturers spend more money on television advertising than the makers of breakfast cereal.
(9)______ of the boxed cereals found in supermarkets contain large amounts of sugar and some contain more than 50% sugar. Cereal manufacturers are very clever in their marketing, making many cereals appear much healthier than they really are by "fortifying" them with vitamins and minerals. Oh, (10)____________ - you now have vitamin-fortified sugar!
Before you eat any cereal, read the ingredient list and see how (11)______________ sugar appears on the ingredient list. Then check the "Nutrition facts" panel.
There are actually only a small handful of national commercially-branded cereals that are made (12)_________whole grains and are sugar-free. If you shop at a health food store instead of your local supermarket, you (13)_____ to find a healthy, whole grain, sugar-free (or very low sugar) cereal. But (14)_________ ! Some of the health food store boxed cereals are sweetened with fruit juice or fructose. Although this may be an improvement (15)_____________________ refined white sugar, this can really skyrocket the calories.
From"Foods That Burn Fat, Foods That Turn to Fat" by Tom Ventulo
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in each of the following questions.
Câu 16: As a millionaire who liked to show off her wealth, Mrs. Smith paid______________________________________________ we asked.
Câu 17: Regular exercise and good diet will bring______fitness and health.
Câu 18: The pool should not be made so deep______small children can be safe there.
Câu 19: We all agree that she is____________________ student in our class.
Câu 20: There has been a great increase in retail sales,_____________________ ?
Câu 21: I am sorry I have no time at present to____________________ detail of our plan.
Câu 22: Long ago, women were_________to vote in political elections.
Câu 23: She asked me______I was looking at.
Câu 24: In spite of her abilities, Laura has been_____________________ overlooked for promotion.
Câu 25: Tom: "___________________ " Mike: "I won't say no!"
Câu 26: Education in many countries is compulsory________the age of 16.
Câu 27: ______ one of the most beautiful forms of performance art, ballet is a combination of dance and mime performed to music.
Câu 28: The examination was not very difficult, but it was_____________________ long.
Câu 29: _______ has been a topic of continual geological research.
Câu 30: We must push the piano to the corner of the hall to_____________________ our party tonight.
Câu 31: Standing on the tip of the cape,____________________ .
Câu 32: Only one of our gifted students______to participate in the final competition.
Câu 33: ______ his brother, Mike is active and friendly.
Câu 34: The packages___________________ so that it would be easier to carry them.
Câu 35: __________ John Kennedy was elected president, he was the youngest American President ever.
Câu 36: He_______________us but he was short of money at the time.
Câu 37: The boat was sailing north when a terrible storm_____________ .
Câu 38: Stephanie: "Oh, no! I left my book at home. Can I share yours?" Scott: "______ "
Câu 39: The Lake District,____________________ was made a national park in 1951, attracts a large number of tourists every year.
Câu 40: Michael looked deeply hurt and surprised when_____________________ .
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 41 to 50.
Very few people, groups, or governments oppose globalization in its entirety. Instead, critics of globalization believe aspects of the way globalization operates should be changed. The debate over globalization is about what the best rules are for governing the global economy so that its advantages can grow while its problems can be solved.
On one side of this debate are those who stress the benefits of removing barriers to international trade and investment, allowing capital to be allocated more efficiently and giving consumers greater freedom of choice. With free-market globalization, investment funds can move unimpeded from the rich countries to the developing countries. Consumers can benefit from cheaper products because reduced taxes make goods produced at low cost from faraway places cheaper to buy. Producers of goods gain by selling to a wider market. More competition keeps sellers on their toes and allows ideas and new technology to spread and benefit others.
On the other side of the debate are critics who see neo-liberal policies as producing greater poverty, inequality, social conflict, cultural destruction, and environmental damage. They say that the most developed nations - the United States, Germany, and Japan - succeeded not because of free trade but because of protectionism and subsidies. They argue that the more recently successful economies of South Korea, Taiwan, and China all had strong state-led development strategies that did not follow neo-liberalism. These critics think that government encouragement of "infant industries" - that is, industries that are just beginning to develop - enables a country to become internationally competitive.
Furthermore, those who criticize the Washington Consensus suggest that the inflow and outflow of money from speculative investors must be limited to prevent bubbles. These bubbles are characterized by the rapid inflow of foreign funds that bid up domestic stock markets and property values. When the economy cannot sustain such expectations, the bubbles burst as investors panic and pull their money out of the country.
Protests by what is called the anti-globalization movement are seldom directed against globalization itself but rather against abuses that harm the rights of workers and the environment. The question raised by nongovernmental organizations and protesters at WTO and IMF gatherings is whether globalization will result in a rise of living standards or a race to the bottom as competition takes the form of lowering living standards and undermining environmental regulations.
One of the key problems of the 21st century will be determining to what extent markets should be regulated to promote fair competition, honest dealing, and fair distribution of public goods on a global scale.
From ,Globalization "byTabb, William K., Microsoft® Student2009 [DVD]
Câu 41: It is stated in the passage that____________________ .
Câu 42: Supporters of free-market globalization point out that_____________________ .
Câu 43: The word "allocated" in the passage mostly means "______".
Câu 44: The phrase "keeps sellers on their toes" in the passage mostly means "______".
Câu 45: According to critics of globalization, several developed countries have become rich because of
Câu 46: The word "undermining" in the passage mostly means "_____".
Câu 47: Infant industries mentioned in the passage are_____________________ .
Câu 48: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
Câu 49: The debate over globalization is about how_____________________ .
Câu 50: The author seems to be______________________ globalization that helps promote economy and raise living standards globally.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 51: The works of such men as the English philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes helped pave the way for academic freedom in the modern sense.
Câu 52: E-cash cards are the main means of all transactions in a cashless society.
Câu 53: Many scientists agree that global warming poses great threats to all species on Earth.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 54: Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.
Câu 55: In some countries, the disease burden could be prevented through environmental improvements.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 56 to 65.
New surveys suggest that the technological tools we use to make our lives easier are killing our leisure time. We are working longer hours, taking fewer and shorter vacations (and when we do go away, we take our cell phones, PDAs, and laptops along). And, we are more stressed than ever as increased use of e-mail, voice mail, cell phones, and the Internet is destroying any idea of privacy and leisure.
Since the Industrial Revolution, people have assumed that new labor-saving devices would free them from the burdens of the workplace and give them more time to grow intellectually, creatively, and socially - exploring the arts, keeping up with current events, spending more time with friends and family, and even just 'goofing off'.
But here we are at the start of the 21st century, enjoying one of the greatest technological boom times in human history, and nothing could be further from the truth. The very tools that were supposed to liberate us have bound us to our work and study in ways that were inconceivable just a few years ago. It would seem that technology almost never does what we expect.
In 'the old days', the lines between work and leisure time were markedly clearer. People left their offices at a predictable time, were often completely disconnected from and out of touch with their jobs as they traveled to and from work, and were off-duty once they were home. That is no longer true. In today's highly competitive job market, employers demand increased productivity, expecting workers to put in longer hours and to keep in touch almost constantly via fax, cell phones, e-mail, or other communications devices. As a result, employees feel the need to check in on what is going on at the office, even on days off. They feel pressured to work after hours just to catch up on everything they have to do. Workers work harder and longer, change their work tasks more frequently, and have more and more reasons to worry about job security.
Bosses, colleagues, family members, lovers, and friends expect instant responses to voice mail and e-mail messages. Even college students have become bound to their desks by an environment in which faculty, friends, and other members of the college community increasingly do their work online. Studies of time spent on instant messaging services would probably show staggering use.
This is not what technology was supposed to be doing for us. New technologies, from genetic research to the Internet, offer all sorts of benefits and opportunities. But, when new tools make life more difficult and stressful rather than easier and more meaningful - and we are, as a society, barely conscious of it - then something has gone seriously awry, both with our expectations for technology and our understanding of how it should benefit us.
From "Summit 1" by Joan Saslow & Allen Ascher
According to the first three paragraphs, technological tools that were designed to make our lives easier_________.
Which of the following is NOT true about technological tools, according to new surveys?
Which of the following is true, according to the passage?
Câu 59: The word "inconceivable" in the passage is closest in meaning to "______".
Câu 60: With the phrase "at a predictable time", the author implies that__________________.
It can be inferred from the fourth paragraph that______________ .
Câu 62: The word "They" in the fourth paragraph refers to________.
Which of the following could be the main idea of the fifth paragraph?
Câu 64: This passage has probably been taken from__________.
Which of the following could best serve as the title of the passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 66: When precipitation occurs, some of it evaporates, some runs off the surface it strikes, and some sinking into the ground.
Câu 67: Globally and internationally, the 1990's stood out as the warmest decade in the history of weather records.
Câu 68: Of all the art-related reference and research library in North America, that of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City is among the largest and most complete.
Câu 69: Different fourteen crops were grown 8,600 years ago by some of the world's earliest farmers.
A warning printed on a makeshift lifebuoy says: " This is not a life-saving device. Children should be accompany by their parents."
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions.
"Why don't we wear sunglasses?" our grandpa would say when we went out on bright sunny days.
I am sure he did not know that his brother graduated with flying colors.
People say that Mr. Goldman gave nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
Câu 74: David was narrowly defeated and blew his own chance of becoming a champion.
Câu 75: If you had stuck to what we originally agreed on, everything would have been fine.
Câu 76: "I would be grateful if you could send me further details of the job," he said to me.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best joins each of the following pairs of sentences in each of the following questions.
Câu 77: We spend about one-third of our lives sleeping. We know relatively little about sleep.
Overeating is a cause of several deadly diseases. Physical inactivity is another cause of several deadly diseases.
Câu 79: He was successful because he was determined to pursue personal goals. He was not talented.
Câu 80: I did not arrive in time. I was not able to see her off.