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All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT the:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses,

however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place?

Information that makes its way to the short-term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain

has a filter that only allows stimuli that are of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory

There is much debate about the capacity and duration of short-term memory. The most accepted theory comes

from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven

chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather

than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short-term memory

by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM,

and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long-term storage.

When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, one is able to keep a memory alive.

Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person

stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, people

often attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come

in before a person has the opportunity to make a phone call, he will likely forget the number instantly. Therefore,

rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from short-term to long-term memory. A better way is

to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it

can be filed along with other pre-existing long-term memories.

Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by

recognition or recall. Humans can easily recall memories that are stored in the long-term memory and used often;

however, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person

is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple-choice tests are often

used for subjects that require a lot of memorization

Câu 531160: All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT the:

A. maintenance area

B. long term memory

C. STM

D. sensory storage area

Câu hỏi : 531160

Phương pháp giải:

Đọc hiểu
  • Đáp án : A
    (0) bình luận (0) lời giải

    Giải chi tiết:

    Tất cả những điều sau đây được đề cập đến như là những nơi lưu trữ ký ức NGOẠI TRỪ:

    A. khu vực duy trì

    B. bộ nhớ dài hạn

    C. STM

    D. khu vực lưu trữ giác quan

    => Các phương án B, C, D đều được nhắc đến trong bài => Chọn phương án A

    Thông tin:

    - Information that makes its way to the short-term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area.

    - Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from short-term to long-term memory

    Tạm dịch:

    - Thông tin đi đến bộ nhớ ngắn hạn thông qua vào khu vực lưu trữ cảm biến.

    - Do đó, diễn tập vẹt không phải là một cách hiệu quả để truyền thông tin từ ngắn hạn đến trí nhớ dài hạn.

    Lời giải sai Bình thường Khá hay Rất Hay
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