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Các loại câu, các loại mệnh đề trong Tiếng Anh

Với chuyên đề luyện Các loại câu trong Tiếng Anh, các bạn sẽ đuợc tìm hiểu về các loại câu, các loại mệnh đề… thường được sử dụng trong Tiếng Anh.

Bài 16:

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions

 

Câu 1: Most people get fewer colds in the summer than in the winter.

A. A person is more likely to get a cold in the winter than in the summer

B. More people have summer colds than winter colds.

C. People get colder in the summer than in the winter

D. The winter is much colder than the summer

Câu 2: If it hadn’t been for his carelessness, we would have finished the work

A. He was careless because he hadn’t finished the work

B. If her were careful, we would finish the work

C. If he had been more careful, we would have completed the work

D. Because he wasn’t careless, we didn’t finish the work

Câu 3: The meeting was put off because of pressure of time

A. The meeting started earlier because people wanted to leave early

B. The meeting was planned to start late because of time pressure

C. The meeting lasted much longer than usual

D. There was not enough time to hold the meeting

Câu 4: The hostess made every effort to see that her guests got the food and drinks they wanted.

A. The hostess was reluctant to offer her guests food and drinks

B. The hostess tried hard to please her guests

C. The guests refused the food and drinks prepared by the hostess

D. Neither the guests nor the hostess had food or drinks

Câu 5: Twice as many men as women are insurance agents

A. More men than women have insurance

B. Male insurance agents outnumber female agents

C. Women are twice as likely as men to have sold insurance

D. Insurance is twice as difficult to sell to women as to men

Bài 17:

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each italic one.

Câu 1: Impressed as we were by the new cinema, we found it rather expensive.  

A. We weren't as much impressed by the new cinema's look as its cost.

B.  The new cinema was more expensive than we expected.

C. We were very impressed by the new cinema, but found it rather expensive.

D. We were not impressed by the new cinema at all because it looked rather expensive.

Câu 2: Even though some events were cancelled, thousands of people attended the festival.  

A. In spite some cancelled events, thousands of people attended the festival.

B. Despite the cancellation of some events, thousands of people attended the festival.

C. No matter how many people attended the festival, some events were cancelled.

D. As some events were cancelled, thousands of people attended the festival.

Câu 3: I found myself at a loss to understand my closest friend's words.

A. I understood my closest friend's words completely.

B. I found my closest friend's words easy to understand.

C.  I lost heart and didn't understand my closest friend's words

D. I found my closest friend's words quite incomprehensible.

Câu 4: She should know better than to lend the money to him.

A. She knew it would be better not to lend him the money.

B. She oughtn't to lend him the money.

C.  She was just being helpful when she lent him the money.

D. It would be kind of her to lend him the money.

Câu 5: What you have been saying is beside the point.

A. You was honest to have said about the point like that .

B.  What you have been saying is quite irrelevant.

C. You have been talking too much about the point.

D. What you have been saying is beyond my expectation.

Bài 18:

Mark the letter A,B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Câu 1:  That little joke really got me into deep water. 

A. That little joke really caused a lot of trouble for me. 

B. That little joke really brought me a lot of pleasure. 

C. That little joke really made me fall into the water. 

D. That little joke really made me enjoy being in the water. 

Câu 2: The winds were very strong ; the trees were uprooted. 

A. So strong were the winds that the trees were uprooted. 

B. The winds were strong that the trees were uprooted. 

C.  So were the winds strong that the trees were uprooted.

D. So strong the winds were that the trees were uprooted. 

Câu 3: He not only has a first-class brain but is also a tremendously hard worker. 

A. Not only he has a first-class brain but is also a tremendously hard worker.

B. Not only does he have a first-class brain but also a tremendously hard worker. 

C.  Not only does he have a first-class brain but he is also a tremendously hard worker.

D. Not only does he have a first-class brain but is also a tremendously hard worker. 

Câu 4: The shops are open, so it can’t be Sunday. 

A. If it were Sunday the shops wouldn’t have been open. 

B.  Unless it were Sunday, the shops wouldn’t be open. 

C. If it were Sunday, the shops wouldn’t be open. 

D.  If  it were not Sunday, the shops wouldn’t be open.

Câu 5: The match was cancelled because of the heavy rain. 

A.  If it didn’t rain, the match wouldn’t be cancelled. 

B. Despite the heavy rain the match was cancelled. 

C. If it hadn’t been for the heavy rain, the match wouldn’t have been cancelled. 

D. The match was cancelled because it rained heavy. 

Bài 19:

Choose A,B,C, or D that best combines the two sentences 

Câu 1: We started out for California. It started to rain right after that. 

A. No sooner did we start out for California than it started to rain.

B. No sooner had we started out for California when it started to rain.

C. No sooner had it started to rain than we started out for California.

D. No sooner had we started out for California than it started to rain .

Câu 2: I whispered. I didn’t want anybody else to hear our conversation. 

A. I whispered so nobody could hear our conversation. 

B. I whispered so that somebody could not hear our conversation.

C. I whispered so that nobody could not hear our conversation. 

D. I whispered so that nobody could hear our conversation.

Câu 3: The girl is talking to a man with a ponytail. She is my friend. 

A. The girl who is talking to a man with a ponytail is my friend.

B. The girl, whom a man with a ponytail is talking to, is my friend.

C. My friend is the girl, who is talking to a man with a ponytail.

D. The girl, who is talking to a man with a ponytail, is my friend. 

Câu 4: She doesn’t want to go to their party. We don’t want to go either. 

A. Neither she nor we don’t want to go to their party. 

B. Neither we nor she wants to go to their party. 

C. Either we or she doesn’t want to go to their party. 

D.  Neither we nor she want to go to their party. 

Câu 5: We have been friends for years. It is quite easy to share secrets between us. 

A. Having been friends for years, we find quite easy to share secrets between us. 

B. We have been friends for years so that it is quite easy to share secrets between us.

C. Being friends for years, we find it quite easy to share secrets between us. 

D. We find it quite easy to share secrets, being friends. 

Bài 20:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Câu 1: We can protect the world in which we live. We, for example, can grow more trees and recycle rubbish.

A. We can protect the world in which we live as well as we can grow more trees and recycle rubbish. 

B. We can protect the world in which we live, growing more trees and recycle rubbish. 

C. We can protect the world in which we live by growing more trees and recycling rubbish.

D. We can protect the world in which we live such as growing more trees and recycling rubbish.

Câu 2: He joined the army in 1998. He was soon after promoted to the rank of captain.

A. He was promoted to the rank of captain in 1998 and joined the army. 

B. Promoted to the rank of captain in 1998, he joined the army soon later. 

C. He worked as a captain in the army and had a promotion in 1998. 

D. Joining the army in 1998, he was soon promoted to the rank of captain.

Câu 3: He has been studying for many years. He should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

A. He has been studying for many years to have soon realized that his grammar was incorrect.

B. He has been studying for many years that he should have realized sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

C. No sooner has he been studying for many years than he should have realized that his grammar was incorrect.

D. Though he has been studying for many years, he did not realize sooner that his grammar was incorrect.

Câu 4: Colour is an important facet of nature. It influences the life of almost every creature.

A. Influencing the life of almost every creature in nature, colour is important. 

B. Colour influencing the life of almost every creature being an important facet of nature.

C. Colour, which is an important facet of nature, influencing the life of almost every creature.

D. Colour, which is an important facet of nature, influences the life of almost every creature. 

Câu 5: I think my hair looks fine. My mother believes it needs a little more brushing. 

A. Not only do I think my hair looks fine, but my mother also believes it needs a little more brushing.

B. Either my mother believes it needs a little more brushing or I think my hair looks fine.

C. I think my hair looks so fine that my mother believes it needs a little more brushing. 

D. I think my hair looks fine, but my mother believes it needs a little more brushing.

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