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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 10

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Bài 1:

     Choose the best one

    A popular theory  explaining the evolution of the universe is known as the Big Bang Model. According to the model, at some time between ten and twenty billion years  ago, all present matter and energy were compressed into a small ball only a few kilometres  in diameter. It was, in effect, an atom that contained in the form of pure energy all of the components of the entire universe. Then, at a moment  in time that astronomers refer to as T = 0, the ball exploded, hurling the energy into space. Expansion occurred. As the energy cooled, most of it became matter in the form of protons, neutrons and electrons. These original particles combined to form hydrogen and helium, and continue to expand. Matter formed into galaxies with stars and planets.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Which sentence below best summarizes this passage?

Câu hỏi: 48692

Câu hỏi số 2:

According  to the passage , when was the universe formed?

Câu hỏi: 48693

Câu hỏi số 3:

The environment before the Big Bang is described as all of the following except

Câu hỏi: 48694

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word compressed could best be replaced by

Câu hỏi: 48695

Câu hỏi số 5:

It may be inferred that

Câu hỏi: 48696

Bài 2:

Read the passage and then answer the questions below.

     Alfred Bernard Nobel (1833 - 1896) a Swedish scientist was the first man to make dynamite. He allowed his invention to be used in peace. However, he saw it being used in war to destroy things, he was extremely unhappy. On his death, he left all his money to be spent upon a prize every year. The Nobel Prize is now one of the greatest prizes that a person can ever receive. It is given every year for the best work in one of the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Medicine; Literature and Peace. Some of the world's greatest scientists are asked to choose who should be given the prizes.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What was Nobel's invention about?

Câu hỏi: 46539

Câu hỏi số 2:

How was he when he knew his invention being used for bad purpose?

Câu hỏi: 46540

Câu hỏi số 3:

Did he give all the money to his relatives on his death?

Câu hỏi: 46541

Câu hỏi số 4:

What is his money used for?

Câu hỏi: 46542

Câu hỏi số 5:

Can we choose who should be given the prizes? If not, who can?

Câu hỏi: 46543

Bài 3:

Read the text below then choose the right sentence  a, b, c or d.


It was a beautiful spring day: the sun was shining, the sky was blue. In the centre of London a policeman cried. He saw a man with a big lion. They were walking down the street.

      “Hey,you!” he said. “What are you doing here with this lion? You can’t walk around the streets with a lion. Take it to the Zoo !”

        “OK, officer. I want to show Baby the town.”

  The man opened the door of his car and the lion jumped in. The car went away.

  The next day the police officer saw the same man and the same lion again.

         “Hey, you!” he said.” Come over here! And bring that lion with you!”

          The man took the lion to the police officer.

          “What’s the problem, officer?”

           “Problem? I told you yesterday to take the lion to the Zoo!”

          “Oh, I did, officer, I took Baby to the Zoo. He enjoyed it very much. But today, I am taking him to the swimming pool !”

Câu hỏi số 1:

  It wasn’t raining that day.

Câu hỏi: 45694

Câu hỏi số 2:

Câu hỏi: 45695

Câu hỏi số 3:

  The man had a baby. It was a nice girl of three.

Câu hỏi: 45696

Câu hỏi số 4:

Câu hỏi: 45697

Câu hỏi số 5:

Câu hỏi: 45698

Bài 4:

Read the text then choose the correct answer

   Computing is now at the same stage as printing was when the first printing presses were used. Before printing presses were invented, only rich people like kings and dukes could afford to buy books. Often these people were unable to read and hadn't enough time to learn. In any case, the books were so big that it was difficult for anyone to relax with a book as we do today. They wanted books because they were expensive and there was something magical about them. Only a few people were able to write, and it took an extremely long time to write a book. Monks and other people who could write said ordinary people could not learn to read.

   The position with computers in  very similar today. A few years ago, computers were very large and expensive. Business managers and rich people ordered them but they didn’t know how to use them. In many countries, however, the situation has now completely changed. Lots of people not only own microcomputers but also know how to use them.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What happened before printing presses were invented ?

Câu hỏi: 43346

Câu hỏi số 2:

Why were books wanted before printing presses were invented?

Câu hỏi: 43347

Câu hỏi số 3:

What is the common feature of a book and a computer?

Câu hỏi: 43348

Câu hỏi số 4:

What situation has thoroughly changed nowadays?

Câu hỏi: 43349

Bài 5:

Read the letter and answer the questions

Dear Mom,

This is just a quick note to tell you how the holiday is going.

We’re staying in a nice hotel in a quiet part of town, so you can imagine how we feel. As you know, this is a small city, and the people are very kind and friendly. We have had some good weather since we got here, so we are feeling very happy. We have seen some of the beautiful sights and a few museums, and we thought they were very impressive. Yesterday we decided to go for a swim, and we went to a nice beach where the water was blue and clean. Last night, we had a delicious meal in a wonderful restaurant. The food and services were excellent. When the bill came, we could hardly believe it, as it was so cheap. As our hobbies are sightseeing and swimming, we enjoyed the holiday so much.

Anyway, I’d better stop, but I’ll write again soon.


Mary & John

Câu hỏi số 1:

Where are Mary and John staying?

Câu hỏi: 42505

Câu hỏi số 2:

What are the people in the city like?

Câu hỏi: 42506

Câu hỏi số 3:

Has the weather been very bad there?

Câu hỏi: 42507

Câu hỏi số 4:

Where did Mary and John go for a swim?

Câu hỏi: 42508

Câu hỏi số 5:

Did they pay a lot for their delicious meal ?

Câu hỏi: 42509

Bài 6:

Read, then answer the questions below

      Mozart, who was born on January 27, 1756 in the Austrian city of Salzburg, was neither the first nor the last child prodigy, but he was certainly the greatest. He was born into a moderately prosperous family where his unmatched musical genius made itself known extremely early. Mozart began learning to play the harpsichord at three and his earliest known work was composed in 1761 when he was five, the age at which he also first appeared in public. From the age of six, when his father took him on the first foreign tour, Mozart toured the courts and musical centres of Austria, Germany, France, England, Holland, Switzerland and Italy. It has been calculated that Mozart spent almost a third of his short life - he died at the age of 35 - travelling. As Mozart matured, he continued to tour and give concerts. Mozart also wrote a lot of operas. His first opera, Mitridate, Re di Ponto, was performed in Milan when he was 14, and it was the first of many successes in the theatre.

Câu hỏi số 1:

How rich was Mozart’s family?

Câu hỏi: 42268

Câu hỏi số 2:

When did he take the first step into the world of music as a composer?

Câu hỏi: 42269

Câu hỏi số 3:

What did he do on his first tour to some major European countries?

Câu hỏi: 42270

Câu hỏi số 4:

Why is it possible to name Mozart “A travelling composer”?

Câu hỏi: 42271

Câu hỏi số 5:

What expression in the passage means “an exceptionally clever child”?

Câu hỏi: 42272

Bài 7:

True or false?

    Air pollution is a serious problem in many cities. Motor vehicles, factories and other sources create so much air pollution that it may hang in the air like dirty fog. Air pollution threatens the health of the people who live in cities. City wastes cause water pollution when they are poured into the waterways. These wastes kill fish and make some areas unfit for swimming. In addition, many large cities have difficulties in disposing of their garbage. The amount of garbage grows each year, but places to put it are quickly filling up. Citizens, governments, industries, scientists, and business people must work together in different ways to gradually reduce pollution. For example, most cities have introduced recycling programmes.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Motor vehicles and factories are among some sources of air pollution.

Câu hỏi: 42182

Câu hỏi số 2:

Air pollution doesn't endanger people's health in some cities.

Câu hỏi: 42183

Câu hỏi số 3:

Air pollution is the only problem of the environment mentioned in this passage.

Câu hỏi: 42184

Câu hỏi số 4:

Garbage disposal is a problem in many large cities.

Câu hỏi: 42185

Câu hỏi số 5:

Everyone must cooperate to reduce pollution.

Câu hỏi: 42186

Câu hỏi số 6:

We can reduce pollution by recycling programmes only.

Câu hỏi: 42187

Bài 8:

Read the text carefully , then answer the questions. (2ms)

      I live in a small village called Henfield. There are about 500 people here. The village is quiet and life here is slow and easy. You never have to queue in shops or banks. People never throw their rubbish in the streets , so the village is always clean.The  air is also very clean because there’s not much heavy traffic. It’s much more friendly here than in a city. Everyone knows everyone and if someone has a problem, there are always people who can help. However, there are some things I don’t like about Henfield. One thing is that there’s not much to do in the evening . We haven't got any cinemas or theaters. Another problem is that people always talk about each other and  everyone knows what everyone is doing . But I still prefer village life to life in a big city.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Where does the writer live?

Câu hỏi: 41575

Câu hỏi số 2:

Do villagers have to queue in shops or banks ?

Câu hỏi: 41576

Câu hỏi số 3:

Why is the air clean?

Câu hỏi: 41577

Câu hỏi số 4:

Are the villagers very friendly and helpful?

Câu hỏi: 41578

Bài 9:

Đọc đoạn văn rồi trả lời câu hỏi (2đ)

   Last Sunday , Nam went on excursion to Oxford .He get up early and took a bus , so he arrived there on time . In the morning , he visited the National Gallery , Big Ben and the Hyde Park . In the afternoon , he bought a dictionary and a small disc with the words “Oxford University” . He met some English students in the bookshop .He was happy to practice speaking English with many foreigners .Although he felt tired ,he all had a nice day.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Where did Nam go last Sunday ?

Câu hỏi: 41449

Câu hỏi số 2:

How did he go there ?

Câu hỏi: 41450

Câu hỏi số 3:

Where did he meet some English students ?

Câu hỏi: 41451

Câu hỏi số 4:

What did he do with some foreigners ?

Câu hỏi: 41452

Bài 10:

Đọc bài văn sau và chọn đáp án đúng nhất cho các câu hỏi từ41 đến 50.   

     Psychologists have debated a long time about whether a child’s upbringing can give it the ability to do outstandingly well. Some think that it is impossible to develop genius and say that it is simply something a person is born with. Others, however, argue that the potential for great achievement can be developed. The truth lies somewhere between these two extremes.     

      It seems very obvious that being born with the right qualities from gifted parents will increase a child’s ability to do well. However, this ability will be fully realized only with the right upbringing and opportunities. As one psychologist says, “To have afast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.” Scientists have recently assessed intelligence, achievement, and ability in 50 sets of identical twinsthat were separated shortly after birth and brought up by different parents. They found that achievement was based on intelligence, and later influenced by the child’s environment.     

     One case involving very intelligent twins was quoted. One of the twins received a normal upbringing, and performed well. The other twin, however, was brought up by extremely supportive parents and given every possible opportunity to develop its abilities. That win, though starting out with the same degree of intelligence as the other, performed even better.     

     This case reflects the general principle of intelligence and ability. The more favorable the environment, the more a child’s intelligence and ability are developed. However, there is no link between intelligence and the socioeconomic level of a child’s family. In other words, it does not matter how poor or how rich a family is, as this does not affect intelligence.      Gifted people cannot be created by supportive parents, but they can be developed by them. One professor of music said that outstanding musicians usually started two or three years earlier than ordinary performers, often because their parents had recognized their ability. These musicians then needed at least ten years’ hard work and training in order to reach the level they were capable of attaining.      

     People who want to have very gifted children are given the following advice: - Marry an intelligent person.

- Allow children to follow their own interests rather than the interests of the parents. - Start a child’s education early but avoid pushing the child too hard.

- Encourage children to play; for example, playingwith musical instruments is essential for a child  who wants to become an outstanding musician.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The upbringing of highly intelligent children requires _____.

Câu hỏi: 36755

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “Others” used in the first paragraph refers to _____.

Câu hỏi: 36756

Câu hỏi số 3:

When scientists studied intelligence and ability in twins, they found that ___________

Câu hỏi: 36757

Câu hỏi số 4:

Scientists chose twins for their study because ____________________.

Câu hỏi: 36758

Câu hỏi số 5:

How were great musicians different from ordinary musicians in their development?

Câu hỏi: 36759

Câu hỏi số 6:

The writer advises that gifted children should beallowed to follow _____.

Câu hỏi: 36760

Câu hỏi số 7:

When encouraging their gifted children, parents should avoid __________

Câu hỏi: 36761

Câu hỏi số 8:

The remark: “To have a fast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.” in the passage means that in order to become a genius, ___________________.

Câu hỏi: 36762

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “favorable” in the passage mostly means ___________.

Câu hỏi: 36763

Câu hỏi số 10:

All of the following statements are true EXCEPT_____________.

Câu hỏi: 36764

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