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Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Earth is the only place we know of in the universe that can support human life. (55) _____ human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world (56) _____ on consuming two-thirds of the world's resources while half of the world's population do so just to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the (57) _____ resource we have by which all people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is (58) _____ built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover (59) _____. We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a (60) _____ the planet's ability to support people is being reduced at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are (61) _____ increasingly heavy demands on it.
The Earth's (62) _____ resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to (63) _____ us fed, comfortable, healthy and active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources, they will (64) _____ indefinitely. But if we use them wastefully and excessively, they will soon run out and everyone will suffer.
Câu 1: ___________(55)
Câu 2: ___________(56)
Câu 3: ___________(57)
Câu 4: ___________(58)
Câu 5: ___________(59)
Câu 6: ___________(60)
Câu 7: ___________(61)
Câu 8: ___________(62)
Câu 9: ___________(63)
Câu 10: ___________(64)
VI. Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.
Parents whose children show a special interest in a particular sport have a difficult decision to (36) ______ about their children’s career. Should they (37) ______ their children to train to become top sportsmen and women? For many children it (38) ______starting very young and school work, going out with friends and other (39) ______ have to take second place. It’s very difficult to explain to a young child why he or she has to train for five hours a day, even at the weekend, when (40) _______ of his or her friends are playing.
Another problem is of course money. In many countries money for training is (41) ______ from the government for the very best young sportsmen and women. If this help cannot be given, it means that it is the parents (42) ______ have to find the time and the money to support their child’s development- and sports clothes, transport to competitions, special equipment etc. can all be very expensive.
Many parents are understandably (43) _______ that it is dangerous to start serious training in a sport at an early age. Some doctors agree that young (44) _______ may be damaged by training before they are properly developed. Professional trainers, however, believe that it is only by starting young that you can reach the top as a successful sports person. What is clear is that very (45) _______ people reach the top and both parents and children should be prepared for failure even after many years of training.
Câu 1: __________ (36)
Câu 2: __________ (37)
Câu 3: __________ (38)
Câu 4: __________ (39)
Câu 5: __________ (40)
Câu 6: __________ (41)
Câu 7: __________ (42)
Câu 8: __________ (43)
Câu 9: __________ (44)
Câu 10: __________ (45)
C. a few
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
NEIGHBORS INFLUENCE BUYING DECISIONS
However objective we believe ourselves to be, most of us do not judge a product solely on its merits, considering quality, value and style before making a decision. (61)___, we are easily influenced by the people around us.
There is nothing (62)____ with this. It is probably a smarter way to make decisions than (63)___ on only our own opinions. But it does make life hard for companies. They have long understood that groups of friends and relatives tend to buy the same products, but understanding the reasons has been tricky. It is because they are so similar with (64)____ to how much money they make and what television ads they watch that they independently (65)___ at the same decision? Or do they copy one another, perhaps (66)___ envy or perhaps because they have shared information about the products?
Research in Finland recently found overwhelming evidence that neighbours have a big influence on buying decisions. When one of a person’s ten nearest neighbours bought a car, the chances that that person would buy a car of the same brand during the next week and a half (67)____ by 86 per cent. The researchers argued that it was not just a (68)__ of envy. Used cars seemed to attract neighbours even more than new cars. This suggested that people were not trying to (69)___ up with their neighbours, they were keen to learn from them. Since used cars are less reliable, a recommendation of one can (70)____influence a buying decision.
Câu 1: ______(61)
A. What’s more
D. In place
Câu 2: ______(62)
Câu 3: ______(63)
Câu 4: ______(64)
Câu 5: ______(65)
Câu 6: ______(66)
B. as to
C. out of
Câu 7: ______(67)
Câu 8: ______(68)
Câu 9: ______(69)
Câu 10: ______(70)
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the following blanks.
The Great Wall (16)_______ for 5,000 kilometers across China from the East coast to the Gobi Desert. This biggest of all building projects was begun 2,000 years ago during Qin Dynasty. (17)_______built walls were all joined up to form one huge line, supposedly to (18)_______any invading nomads. The project used thousands of workers, many of (19)_______ were prisoners. (20)_______180 million cubic meters of earth were used to form the wall’s core.
The wall was not particularly successful as a deterrent to invaders. However, it was very useful as a kind of ancient, elevated motorway. Men and equipment could be (21)_______ moved along the wall, through the previously inhospitable, mountainous land.
Also, a very useful communication system was developed between the different sections of the wall. Smoke signals were used (22)_______messages quickly anywhere along the wall’s length.
Now, the Great Wall is China’s most popular (23)_______. It has suffered some decay and destruction over the centuries. Parts have been worn away by the wind and weather. Other sections have been destroyed by local peasants who carried off the materials to make their own homes. However, the wall is still a (n) (24)_______ sight, and a lasting monument to the (25)______Chinese civilization that created it.
Câu 1: ___________(16)
Câu 2: ___________(17)
Câu 3: ___________(18)
A. keep on
B. keep out
C. keep from
D. drive away
Câu 4: ___________(19)
Câu 5: ___________(20)
A. Or so
Câu 6: ___________(21)
Câu 7: ___________(22)
A. to sending
B. to take
C. to send
D. to taking
Câu 8: ___________(23)
A. tour guide
B. tourist business
C. tourist centre
D. tourist attraction
Câu 9: ___________(24)
Câu 10: ___________(25)
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 41 to 50.
The PBT is a pencil and (41) _______ test that is offered for two purposes. One purpose of the PBT is for (42) _______ and process evaluation. Colleges or other institutions use the PBT to test their students. The scores are not valid outside of the place where they are (43) _______, but the college or institution accepts the PBT that they administered as an official score. This PBT is also (44) _______ an Intitution TOEFL. The (45) _______ purpose of the PBT is (46) _______ the official Computer-Based TOEFL in areas where computer-based testing is not possible. The scores are usually valid outside of the place where they are administered. This PBT is also called a Supplement TOEFL.
The Paper-Based TOEFL has three parts: Listening Comprehension, Structure and Written Expression, and Reading. (47) _______, the TEST of Written English (TWE) is an essay that is required to provide a (48) _______ score. The PBT is a (49) _______ test, which means that everyone who takes the TOEFL during the same administration will see and answer the same questions. The (50) _______ score is based on a scale of 310-677.
Câu 1: _________(41)
Câu 2: _________(42)
Câu 3: _________(43)
Câu 4: _________(44)
Câu 5: _________(45)
Câu 6: _________(46)
B. to supplement
Câu 7: _________(47)
A. In other words
B. On the other hand
D. In addition
Câu 8: _________(48)
Câu 9: _________(49)
Câu 10: _________(50)
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