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Dạng bài Điền từ vào đoạn văn lớp 12

Bài 6:

Read the following passage taken from Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 8th edition, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 56 to 65.

THE VIETNAM WAR

   Like the Korean War, the Vietnam War was a result of US policy during the Cold War, a period when Americans believed that Communism, the political system in the Soviet Union and China, was a threat to their ___(56) ___ and power.

   Vietnam, a colony of France, wanted to become independent, but the US believed that Communists were behind the ___(57) ___ movement, and so opposed it. The US became ___(58) ___ in Vietnam only gradually. At first, under President Eisenhower, it provided the French with supplies. In 1954 the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into the Communist North and the anti-Communist South. Under President Kennedy, in the early 1960s, many US soldiers were sent to the South ___(59) ___ advisers. In 1964, after an attack on US ships, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which gave President Johnson greater powers to fight a war, and in the spring of 1965 Marines were sent to South Vietnam.

   It was easy to keep the Communist forces, called the National Liberation Front or the Viet Cong,___(60) ___ South Vietnam, but much ___(61) ___ to defeat them. The US used bombs against the Vietnamese troops, and chemicals to destroy crops, which had a terrible effect on people as well as on the land. There were also reports of atrocities (= acts of extreme violence and cruelty ) committed by both sides. In 1968 the My Lai massacre, in which over 300 civilians were killed by US soldiers, ___(62) ___ Americans at home. Many US soldiers were not sure ___(63) ___ they were fighting the war and became traumatized by the violence around them. Discipline became a problem, and the use of drugs was common. Soldiers were accused of committing acts of violence against each other and against Vietnamese civilians.

    In 1968 the Viet Cong started a major attack, and the US position in South Vietnam was threatened. As the war escalated it lost support at home and also in other countries. When Richard Nixon became President he ___(64) ___tried to attack hard and force the Viet Cong to come to an agreement. The war then spread to Vietnam’s neighbour, Cambodia. Finally, in 1972, Nixon sent Henry Kissinger to negotiate a ceasefire, and afterwards the US was no longer directly involved in the war, though it continued to provide supplies. In 1975 the government of South Vietnam fell and the country was ___(65) ___ by the Communist forces.

Câu hỏi số 1:

________(56)

Câu hỏi số 2:

________(57)

Câu hỏi số 3:

________(58)

Câu hỏi số 4:

________(59)

Câu hỏi số 5:

________(60)

Câu hỏi số 6:

________(61)

Câu hỏi số 7:

________(62)

Câu hỏi số 8:

________(63)

Câu hỏi số 9:

________(64)

Câu hỏi số 10:

________(65)

Bài 7:

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 66 đến 75.

Owning a car

   Owning a car has several advantages. (66) ________ you can go wherever you want, whenever you want. You don’t have to depend on public transport and (67) ________  you feel more independent. (68) ________  you are able to give lifts to friends, or carry heavy loads of shopping. (69) ________  there can be problems, especially if you live in a city. Running a car can be expensive, and you have to spend money on items (70) ________  petrol, servicing the car, and repairs.  You might also have problem with parking, as every where is more and more crowded with cars. (71) ________,  most people feel that the advantages of owning a car outweigh the disadvantages.

   (72) ________  most young people of my age start driving as soon as they can. (73) ________  I think that cars nowadays have become more essential, but I also feel that they cause a lot of problems, (74) ________  they are noisy and dirty. (75) ________  the large numbers of cars on the roads means that most town and cities are organized for the convinience of cars, and the needs of pedestrians are ignored.

Câu hỏi số 1:

________(66) 

Câu hỏi số 2:

________(67) 

Câu hỏi số 3:

________(68) 

Câu hỏi số 4:

________(69) 

Câu hỏi số 5:

________(70) 

Câu hỏi số 6:

________(71) 

Câu hỏi số 7:

________(72) 

Câu hỏi số 8:

________(73) 

Câu hỏi số 9:

________(74) 

Câu hỏi số 10:

________(75) 

Bài 8:

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 26 đến 35.

   Most traditional human life in deserts is nomadic. It (26) ______ in hot deserts on finding water, and on following infrequent rains to (27) ______ grazing for livestock. In cold deserts, it depends on finding good hunting and fishing grounds, on sheltering from blizzards and winter (28) ______, and on storing enough food for winter. Permanent settlement in both kinds of deserts requires permanent water, food sources and adequate shelter, or the technology and energy sources to (29) ______ it.

  Many deserts are flat and featureless, lacking landmarks, or composed of repeating landforms such as sand (30) ______ or the jumbled ice-fields of glaciers. Advanced skills or devices are required to navigate through such landscapes and (31) _____ travelers may die when supplies run (32) ______ after becoming lost. In addition, sandstorms or blizzards may cause disorientation in severely-reduced visibility.

  The (33) ______ represented by wild animals in deserts has featured in explorers’ accounts but does not cause higher (34) ______ of death than in other environments such as rainforests or savanna woodland, and generally does not affect human distribution. Defense against polar bears may be advisable in some areas of the Arctic. Precautions against snakes and scorpions in choosing (35) ______ at which to camp in some hot deserts should be taken.

Câu hỏi số 1:

__________(26)

Câu hỏi số 2:

__________(27)

Câu hỏi số 3:

__________(28)

Câu hỏi số 4:

__________(29)

Câu hỏi số 5:

__________(30)

Câu hỏi số 6:

__________(31)

Câu hỏi số 7:

__________(32)

Câu hỏi số 8:

__________(33)

Câu hỏi số 9:

__________(34)

Câu hỏi số 10:

__________(35)

Bài 9:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blank from 71 to 80

Proof that silence is golden for studying

    The combination of music and study has long been a source of disagreement between adults and children. Patents and teachers alike maintain that silence is itmxmant when learning, (71)_____ youngsters insist that their favourite sounds help them concentrate.

  Now a study shows that grown-ups have been (72)______ all along. Psychologists in Florida tested how fast students wrote essays with and without music in the (73)_______ . They found that the sounds (74)_____ progress down by about sixty words per hour. " This demonstrates clearly that it is difficult to (75)________ with listening and writing at the same time." said Dr Sarah Randall. She also came to the conclusion that it is a myth that insmimental music is less distracting than vocals. " All types of music (76)________ the same effect," she said in her report . " One's ability to pay attention and write fluently is likely to be (77)______ by both vocal and instrumental music. " she added.

   Dr Randall claimed the research (78)_______ that the idea that music could improve performance was wrong.' Writing an essay is a complex task.You are recalling information and putting it in (79) _______ . An additional stimulus in the form of music is hound to distinct. But music is not the only distractor. What is (80) ______worrying is that more and more teenagers are studying in front of the television?

Câu hỏi số 1:

________(71) 

Câu hỏi số 2:

________(72) 

Câu hỏi số 3:

________(73) 

Câu hỏi số 4:

________(74) 

Câu hỏi số 5:

________(75) 

Câu hỏi số 6:

________(76) 

Câu hỏi số 7:

________(77) 

Câu hỏi số 8:

________(78) 

Câu hỏi số 9:

________(79) 

Câu hỏi số 10:

________(80) 

Bài 10:

Read the following passage , and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks.

    Some Advice for Language Learners A recent issue of a language learning magazine has consulted a number of experts in the (16)_______ of second language acquisition. Their advice may prove invaluable for those (17)_______ a language course. One suggestion is that you (18)_______ whether you are likely to be successful at learning a language. Did you enjoy studying languages at school, for example? Do you have enough time to learn a language? The major (19)_______ will be your own time and effort. If proof of your level of proficiency is important you must make sure that the course on offer leads to a (20)_______ qualification. Also, be realistic in your (21)_______ . If you don't set achievable aims you are more likely to give up. Do not be deceived (22)_______ thinking that the most expensive courses are the best. (23)_______ around to get the best possible value for money. You should also bear in mind that the quicker you learn a language the more quickly you forget it. Sandra Miller, a French teacher, tried to teach herself German by enrolling on a (24)_______ course. Already fluent in four languages and with a sound knowledge of teaching methodology her chances of making progress were high. Three years on she remembers very little. She feels her biggest mistake was not to follow (25)_______ her first experience. "I should have consolidated what I'd learn by continuing to study, even if it were by myself."

Câu hỏi số 1:

_______(16)

Câu hỏi số 2:

_______(17)

Câu hỏi số 3:

_______(18)

Câu hỏi số 4:

_______(19)

Câu hỏi số 5:

_______(20)

Câu hỏi số 6:

_______(21)

Câu hỏi số 7:

_______(22)

Câu hỏi số 8:

_______(23)

Câu hỏi số 9:

_______(24)

Câu hỏi số 10:

_______(25)

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