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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 1:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

   Glass is a remarkable substance made from the simplest raw materials. It can be colored or colorless, monochrome or polychrome, transparent, translucent, or opaque. It is lightweight impermeable to liquids, readily cleaned and reused, durable yet fragile, and often very beautiful Glass can be decorated in multiple ways and its optical properties are exceptional. In all its myriad forms – as table ware, containers, in architecture and design –glass represents a major achievement in the history of technological developments.

   Since the Bronze Age about 3,000 B.C., glass has been used for making various kinds of objects. It was first made from a mixture of silica, line and an alkali such as soda or potash, and these remained the basic ingredients of glass until the development of lead glass in the seventeenth century. When heated, the mixture becomes soft and malleable and can be formed by various techniques into a vast array of shapes and sizes. The homogeneous mass thus formed by melting then cools to create glass, but in contrast to most materials formed in this way (metals, for instance), glass lacks the crystalline structure normally associated with solids, and instead retains the random molecular structure of a liquid. In effect, as molten glass cools, it progressively stiffens until rigid, but does so without setting up a network of interlocking crystals customarily associated with that process. This is why glass shatters so easily when dealt a blow. Why glass deteriorates over time, especially when exposed to moisture, and why glassware must be slowly reheated and uniformly cooled after manufacture to release internal stresses induced by uneven cooling.

  Another unusual feature of glass is the manner in which its viscosity changes as it turns from a cold substance into a hot, ductile liquid. Unlike metals that flow or “freeze” at specific temperatures glass progressively softens as the temperature rises, going through varying stages of malleability until it flows like a thick syrup. Each stage of malleability allows the glass to be manipulated into various forms, by different techniques, and if suddenly cooled the object retains the shape achieved at that point. Glass is thus amenable to a greater number of heat-forming techniques than most other materials.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Why does the author list the characteristics of glass in paragraph 1?

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “durable“‘ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to______.

Câu hỏi số 3:

What does the author imply about the raw materials used to make glass?

Câu hỏi số 4:

According to the passage, how is glass that has cooled and become rigid different from most other rigid substances?

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word “customarily” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by “______”.

Câu hỏi số 6:

The words “exposed to” in paragraph 2 most likely mean ______.

Câu hỏi số 7:

What must be done to release the internal stresses that build up in glass products during manufacture?

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “induced” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_______.

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “it” in paragraph 3 refers to______

Câu hỏi số 10:

According to the passage, why can glass be more easily shaped into specific forms than can metals

Bài 2:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

 

    Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent. From the very beginning, music was regarded as an indispensable accompaniment; when the Lumiere films were shown at the first public film exhibition in the United States in February 1896, they were accompanied by piano improvisations on popular tunes. At first, the music played bore no special relationship to the films; an accompaniment of any kind was sufficient. Within a very short time, however, the incongruity of playing lively music to a solemn film became apparent, and film pianists began to take some care in matching their pieces to the mood of the film.

   As movie theaters grew in number and importance, a violinist, and perhaps a cellist, would be added to the pianist in certain cases, and in the larger movie theaters small orchestras were formed. For a number of years the selection of music for each film program rested entirely in the hands of the conductor or leader of the orchestra, and very often the principal qualification for holding such a position was not skill or taste so much as the ownership of a large personal library of musical pieces. Since the conductor seldom saw the films until the night before they were to be shown (if, indeed, the conductor was lucky enough to see them then), the musical arrangement was normally improvised in the greatest hurry.

   To help meet this difficulty, film distributing companies started the practice of publishing suggestions for musical accompaniments. In 1909, for example, the Edison Company began issuing with their films such indications of mood as “pleasant’, “sad”, “lively”. The suggestions became more explicit, and so emerged the musical cue sheet containing indications of mood, the titles of suitable pieces of music, and precise directions to show where one piece led into the next.

   Certain films had music especially composed for them. The most famous of these early special scores was that composed and arranged for D. W. Griffith’s film Birth of a Nation, which was released in 1915.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The passage mainly discusses music that was­­­­­­­ ____________.

Câu hỏi số 2:

What can be inferred that the passage about the majority of films made after 1927?

Câu hỏi số 3:

It can be inferred that orchestra conductors who worked in movie theaters needed to ________.

Câu hỏi số 4:

The word “them” refers to _________.

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the passage, what kind of business was the Edison Company?

Câu hỏi số 6:

It may be inferred from the passage that the first musical cue sheets appeared around _______.

Câu hỏi số 7:

Which of the following notations is most likely to have been included on a musical cue sheet of the early 1900′s?

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “composed” is closest in meaning to __________.

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “scores” most likely mean ____________.

Câu hỏi số 10:

The passage probably continues with a discussion of ____________.

Bài 3:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the Questions from 56 to 60

   It is commonly believed in the United States that school is where people go to get as education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.

  Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds. It can take place where, whether in the shower or on the job, whether in a kitchen or on  a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place  in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a reserved grandparent to the  people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas  schooling has certain predictability, education quite often produce surprise. A change conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is know of other religions.

  People are engaged in education from infancy on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life. Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbook, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learnt, whether they are  the alphabet or an understanding of  the workings of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that they are not likely to find out in their class  the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What does the author probably mean by using the expression “children interrupt their education  to go to school”?

Câu hỏi số 2:

the word “bounds” is closest in meaning to

Câu hỏi số 3:

the word “they” refers to

Câu hỏi số 4:

The passage supports which of the following conclusions?

Câu hỏi số 5:

The passage is organized by

Bài 4:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the Questions from 51 to 55

   Our demand for water is constantly increasing. Every year there are more and more people in the world. Factories turn out more and more products and need more and more water. We live in a world of water. But almost all of it – about 97%-is  in  the oceans. This water  is  too salty  to be used  for drinking,  farming, and manufacturing. Only about 3% of the world’s water is  fresh. Most of  this water is not easily available to man because it is  locked in glaciers and icecaps. There  is as much water on earth today as there ever was or will ever be. Most of the water we use finds its way to the oceans. There, it is evaporated by the sun. It then falls back to the earth as rain.

  Water is used and reused over again. It is never used up. Although the world as a whole has plenty of fresh water, some regions have a water shortage. Rain does not fall evenly over the earth. Some regions are always too dry, and others  too wet. A.  region that usually gets enough  rain may suddenly have a serious dry spell and another region may be flooded with too much rain.

Câu hỏi số 1:

All of the following statements can be inferred from the text EXCEPT

Câu hỏi số 2:

Which of the following is NOT true about the world’s water?

Câu hỏi số 3:

What can be inferred about water?

Câu hỏi số 4:

It can be inferred from the text that ______

Câu hỏi số 5:

The phrasal verb “turn out” in the second line is closest in meaning to.

Bài 5:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 66 to 75.

        The initial contact between American Indians and European settlers usually involved trade, whereby Indians acquired tools and firearms and the Europeans obtained furs. These initial events usually  pitted Indian tribes against each other as they competed for the European trade and for the lands containing fur-producing animals. When the furs had been depleted, the Europeans began a campaign to obtain the lands the Indians occupied. The Indians often formed confederations and alliances to fight back the Europeans; however, the Indians’ involvement in the white people’s wars usually disrupted these confederations. Indians resisted the attempts by the whites to displace them. They fought defensive wars such as the Black Hawk War in 1832. Indian uprisings also occurred, like the Sioux uprising in the 1860s.

       Despite the resistance of the Indians, the Europeans were destined to win the conflict. After Indian resistance was crushed, the whites legitimized the taking of Indian lands by proposing treaties, frequently offering gifts to Indian chiefs to get them sign the treaties. Once an Indian group had signed a treaty, the whites proceeded to remove them from their land. Often the Indians were forced west of the Mississippi into Indian Territory-land the whites considered uninhabitable. If only a few Indians remained after the (15) conquest, they were often absorbed by local tribes or forced onto reservations.

      No aspect of American history is more poignant than the accounts of the forced removal of Indians across the continent. As white settlers migrated farther west, Indians were forced to sign new treaties giving up the lands earlier treaties had promised them. Some Indian tribes, realizing the futility of resistance, accepted their fate and moved westward without force. The Winnebagos, who offered little (20) resistance, were shifted from place to place between 1829 and 1866. About half of them perished during their perpetual sojourn. Other tribes, however, bitterly resisted. The Seminoles signed a treaty in 1832 but violently resisted removal. Hostilities broke out in 1835 and continued for seven years. The United States government lost nearly 1,500 men and spent over $50 million in its attempts to crush Seminole resistance. Most of Seminoles were eventually forced to Indian Territory. However, several hundred remained in the Florida Everglades, where their descendants live today.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What does the passage mainly discuss?

Câu hỏi số 2:

What does the author mean by the phrase “pitted Indian tribes against each other”?

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word “legitimized (paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to                     

Câu hỏi số 4:

It can be concluded from the lines 10-12 that                     

Câu hỏi số 5:

The author makes the point that Indian Territory was                  

Câu hỏi số 6:

According to the passage, which of the following did NOT happen?

Câu hỏi số 7:

In lines 16-18, the author implies that                      

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “futility” could be best replaced by                     

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “perpetual” in paragraph3 is closest in meaning to                     

Câu hỏi số 10:

According to the passage, which tribe did NOT fight against removal?

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