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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 1:


Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions .

First Man on the Moon

        On July 16, 1969, America launched the Apollo 11, Lunar Landing Mission from Kennedy Space Center. This was a 363-foot-tall space vehicle, the five engines of which on the Saturn V rocket generated 7.5 million pounds of thrust. Twelve minutes after the launch, the astronauts were in orbit 120 miles above the Earth. [1] At a speed of 17,400 mph, they began their four-day journey to the moon. [2] They had nearly a quarter of a million miles to go.

        On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong descended from the lunar module ladder. [3] Just prior to taking his first step on the moon, Armstrong pilled on a special ring, causing a TV camera to automatically deploy. As he stepped onto the moon’s surface he proclaimed, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” [4] However, Armstrong inadvertently omitted the “a” before “man”. This error slightly changed the meaning of what was to become known as Armstrong’s famous statement.

Câu 1: What is this passage mainly about?  

A. the first manned mission to the moon   

B. how fast the rocket traveled

C. the first man in space   

D. the reason Neil Armstrong is so famous

Câu 2: The word They  in the passage refers to_____________ .  

A. Apollo 11 

B. astronauts

C. Americans  

D. engines

Câu 3: The word "deploy " in the passage is closest in meaning to___________ .

A. photograph 

B. begin working  

C. stop functioning  

D. light up

Câu 4: Which of the following is the best title for this passage?  

A. The Life of Neil Armstrong  

B.  The History of Space Travel

C. The Story of Apollo 11 

D. The John F. Kennedy Space Center

Câu 5: The word “proclaimed ” in the passage is closest in meaning to__________ .  

A.  thought   

B. heard

C. remembered 

D. announced  

Câu 6: It can be inferred that Armstrong's statement was important because___________ .

A. Neil Armstrong was a great speaker

B. this was the first time America had sent people into space

C. they were the first words to be spoken on the moon

D. the statement was spoken from the lunar module ladder

Câu 7: Which is the best place for the following sentence?   “He was about to make history.”

A. [1]     

B. [2]  

C. [3] 

D. [4]

Câu 8: The word “inadvertently’' in the passage is closest in meaning to______________ .  

A. mistakenly    

B. interestingly   

C. deliberately 

D. cleverly

Câu 9: The paragraph following the text would most likely discuss__________ .

A. the events that happened on July 21, 1969

B. the completely successful mission of Apollo 12

C. the pictures that the astronauts took on the Moon

D. how the omission of “a” changed the meaning of the statement

Câu 10: Complete the summary below by choosing one sentence that expresses one of the most important ideas in the passage. Summary: This passage discusses the Apollo 11 space mission. Apollo 11 was an American spacecraft that took the first astronauts to the moon. Armstrong was the first man to step on the moon.

A. Apollo 11 was a large vehicle launched by a Saturn V rocket.

B. The journey to the moon took four days.

C. Armstrong made a meaningful mistake in his speech as he took his first steps.

D. A special ring caused a TV camera to begin operating.

Bài 2:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

   Glass is a remarkable substance made from the simplest raw materials. It can be colored or colorless, monochrome or polychrome, transparent, translucent, or opaque. It is lightweight impermeable to liquids, readily cleaned and reused, durable yet fragile, and often very beautiful Glass can be decorated in multiple ways and its optical properties are exceptional. In all its myriad forms – as table ware, containers, in architecture and design –glass represents a major achievement in the history of technological developments.

   Since the Bronze Age about 3,000 B.C., glass has been used for making various kinds of objects. It was first made from a mixture of silica, line and an alkali such as soda or potash, and these remained the basic ingredients of glass until the development of lead glass in the seventeenth century. When heated, the mixture becomes soft and malleable and can be formed by various techniques into a vast array of shapes and sizes. The homogeneous mass thus formed by melting then cools to create glass, but in contrast to most materials formed in this way (metals, for instance), glass lacks the crystalline structure normally associated with solids, and instead retains the random molecular structure of a liquid. In effect, as molten glass cools, it progressively stiffens until rigid, but does so without setting up a network of interlocking crystals customarily associated with that process. This is why glass shatters so easily when dealt a blow. Why glass deteriorates over time, especially when exposed to moisture, and why glassware must be slowly reheated and uniformly cooled after manufacture to release internal stresses induced by uneven cooling.

  Another unusual feature of glass is the manner in which its viscosity changes as it turns from a cold substance into a hot, ductile liquid. Unlike metals that flow or “freeze” at specific temperatures glass progressively softens as the temperature rises, going through varying stages of malleability until it flows like a thick syrup. Each stage of malleability allows the glass to be manipulated into various forms, by different techniques, and if suddenly cooled the object retains the shape achieved at that point. Glass is thus amenable to a greater number of heat-forming techniques than most other materials.

Câu 1: Why does the author list the characteristics of glass in paragraph 1?

A. To demonstrate how glass evolved                        

B. To show the versatility of glass

C. To explain glassmaking technology                       

D. To explain the purpose of each component of glass

Câu 2: The word “durable“‘ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to______.

A. lasting 

B. delicate

C. heavy      

D. plain

Câu 3: What does the author imply about the raw materials used to make glass?

A. They were the same for centuries.             

B. They are liquid.

C. They are transparent.                                  

D. They are very heavy.

Câu 4: According to the passage, how is glass that has cooled and become rigid different from most other rigid substances?

A. It has an interlocking crystal network.       

B. It has an unusually low melting temperature.

C. It has varying physical properties.             

D. It has a random molecular structure.

Câu 5: The word “customarily” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by “______”.

A. naturally

B. necessarily 

C. usually 

D. certainly

Câu 6: The words “exposed to” in paragraph 2 most likely mean ______.

A. hardened by           

B. chilled with                        

C. subjected to                       

D. deprived of

Câu 7: What must be done to release the internal stresses that build up in glass products during manufacture?

A. The glass must be reheated and evenly cooled.   

B. The glass must be cooled quickly.

C. The glass must be kept moist until cooled.          

D. The glass must be shaped to its desired form immediately

Câu 8: The word “induced” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_______.

A. joined    

B. missed    

C. caused    

D. lost

Câu 9: The word “it” in paragraph 3 refers to______

A. feature    

B. glass   

C. manner      

D. viscosity

Câu 10: According to the passage, why can glass be more easily shaped into specific forms than can metals

A. It resists breaking when heated                     

B. It has better optical properties.

C. It retains heat while its viscosity changes.     

D. It gradually becomes softer as its temperature rises.

Bài 3:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.


    Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent. From the very beginning, music was regarded as an indispensable accompaniment; when the Lumiere films were shown at the first public film exhibition in the United States in February 1896, they were accompanied by piano improvisations on popular tunes. At first, the music played bore no special relationship to the films; an accompaniment of any kind was sufficient. Within a very short time, however, the incongruity of playing lively music to a solemn film became apparent, and film pianists began to take some care in matching their pieces to the mood of the film.

   As movie theaters grew in number and importance, a violinist, and perhaps a cellist, would be added to the pianist in certain cases, and in the larger movie theaters small orchestras were formed. For a number of years the selection of music for each film program rested entirely in the hands of the conductor or leader of the orchestra, and very often the principal qualification for holding such a position was not skill or taste so much as the ownership of a large personal library of musical pieces. Since the conductor seldom saw the films until the night before they were to be shown (if, indeed, the conductor was lucky enough to see them then), the musical arrangement was normally improvised in the greatest hurry.

   To help meet this difficulty, film distributing companies started the practice of publishing suggestions for musical accompaniments. In 1909, for example, the Edison Company began issuing with their films such indications of mood as “pleasant’, “sad”, “lively”. The suggestions became more explicit, and so emerged the musical cue sheet containing indications of mood, the titles of suitable pieces of music, and precise directions to show where one piece led into the next.

   Certain films had music especially composed for them. The most famous of these early special scores was that composed and arranged for D. W. Griffith’s film Birth of a Nation, which was released in 1915.

Câu 1: The passage mainly discusses music that was­­­­­­­ ____________.

A. performed before the showing of a film    

B. played during silent films

C. recorded during film exhibitions                

D. specifically composed for certain movie theaters

Câu 2: What can be inferred that the passage about the majority of films made after 1927?

A. They were truly “silent”.                                             

B. They were accompanied by symphonic orchestras.

C. They incorporated the sound of the actors’ voices.     

D. They corresponded to specific musical compositions.

Câu 3: It can be inferred that orchestra conductors who worked in movie theaters needed to ________.

A. be able to play many instruments               

B. have pleasant voices

C. be familiar with a wide variety of music    

D. be able to compose original music

Câu 4: The word “them” refers to _________.

A. years         

B. hands          

C. pieces          

D. films

Câu 5: According to the passage, what kind of business was the Edison Company?

A. It produced electricity.                              

B. It distributed films.

C. It published musical arrangements.           

D. It made musical instruments.

Câu 6: It may be inferred from the passage that the first musical cue sheets appeared around _______.

A. 1896     

B. 1909      

C. 1915         

D. 1927

Câu 7: Which of the following notations is most likely to have been included on a musical cue sheet of the early 1900′s?

A. “Calm, peaceful”    

B. “Piano, violin”        

C. “Key of C major”   

D. “Directed by D. W. Griffith”

Câu 8: The word “composed” is closest in meaning to __________.

A. selected 

B. combined  

C. played     

D. created

Câu 9: The word “scores” most likely mean ____________.

A. totals 

B. successes    

C. groups of musicians            

D. musical compositions

Câu 10: The passage probably continues with a discussion of ____________.

A. other films directed by D. W. Griffith       

B. famous composers of the early twentieth century

C. silent films by other directors                     

D. the music in Birth of a Nation

Bài 4:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the Questions from 56 to 60

   It is commonly believed in the United States that school is where people go to get as education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.

  Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds. It can take place where, whether in the shower or on the job, whether in a kitchen or on  a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place  in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a reserved grandparent to the  people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas  schooling has certain predictability, education quite often produce surprise. A change conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is know of other religions.

  People are engaged in education from infancy on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life. Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbook, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learnt, whether they are  the alphabet or an understanding of  the workings of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that they are not likely to find out in their class  the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.

Câu 1: What does the author probably mean by using the expression “children interrupt their education  to go to school”?

A. Going to several different schools is educationally beneficial

B. School vacations interrupt the continuity of the school year.

C. Summer school makes the school year too long.

D. All of life is an education.

Câu 2: the word “bounds” is closest in meaning to

A. rules 

B. experiences  

C. limits  

D. expectation

Câu 3: the word “they” refers to

A. slices of reality   

B. similar textbooks             

C. boundaries 

D. seats

Câu 4: The passage supports which of the following conclusions?

A. Without formal education, people would remain ignorant

B. Education systems need to be radically reformed.

C. Going to school is only part of how people become educated.

D. Education involves many years of professional training.

Câu 5: The passage is organized by

A. listing and discussing several educational problems

B. contrasting the meanings of two related words

C. narrating a story about excellent teachers

D. giving examples of different kinds of schools

Bài 5:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the Questions from 51 to 55

   Our demand for water is constantly increasing. Every year there are more and more people in the world. Factories turn out more and more products and need more and more water. We live in a world of water. But almost all of it – about 97%-is  in  the oceans. This water  is  too salty  to be used  for drinking,  farming, and manufacturing. Only about 3% of the world’s water is  fresh. Most of  this water is not easily available to man because it is  locked in glaciers and icecaps. There  is as much water on earth today as there ever was or will ever be. Most of the water we use finds its way to the oceans. There, it is evaporated by the sun. It then falls back to the earth as rain.

  Water is used and reused over again. It is never used up. Although the world as a whole has plenty of fresh water, some regions have a water shortage. Rain does not fall evenly over the earth. Some regions are always too dry, and others  too wet. A.  region that usually gets enough  rain may suddenly have a serious dry spell and another region may be flooded with too much rain.

Câu 1: All of the following statements can be inferred from the text EXCEPT

A. We need more and more water.

B. The population of the world is increasing every year.

C. Most of the world’s water is locked in glaciers and icecaps.

D. Factories also need more water

Câu 2: Which of the following is NOT true about the world’s water?

A. The vast majority of the world’s water is ocean (or salty) water.

B. Ocean water is salty enough to be used for drinking, farming, and manufacturing.

C. Most fresh water is locked in glaciers and icecaps.

D. The percentage of fresh water is very small.

Câu 3: What can be inferred about water?

A. The amount of water on earth is always the same.

B. Water will probably be exhausted.

C. Water can be used once only.

D. Most of the water we use is not rain water.

Câu 4: It can be inferred from the text that ______

A. no region in the world suffers from a lack of fresh water.

B. rain does not fall equally everywhere on earth.

C. the world has plenty of fresh water in comparison with salty water.

D. a region that usually gets enough rain hardly ever has a dry spell.

Câu 5: The phrasal verb “turn out” in the second line is closest in meaning to.

A. sell   

B. prove to be           

C. switch off              

D. produce

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