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Dạng bài Đọc hiểu lớp 12

Bài 26:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

Ranked as the number one beverage consumed worldwide, tea takes the lead over coffee in both popularity and production with more than 5 million metric tons of tea produced annually. Although much of this tea is consumed in Asian, European, and African countries, the United States drinks its fair share. According to estimates by the Tea Council of the United States, tea is enjoyed by no less than half of the U.S. population on any given day. Black tea or green tea – iced, spiced, or instant – tea drinking has spurred a billion-dollar business with major tea producers in Africa and South America and throughout Asia.

Tea is made from the leaves of an evergreen plant, Camellia sinensis, which grows tall and lush in tropical regions. On tea plantation, the plant is kept trimmed to approximately four feet high and as new buds called flush appear, they are plucked off by hand. Even in today’s world of modern agricultural machinery, hand harvesting continues to be the preferred method. Ideally, only the top two leaves and a bud should be picked. This new growth produces the highest quality tea.

After being harvested, tea leaves are laid out on long drying racks, called withering racks, for 18 to 20 hours. During this process, the tea softens and becomes limp. Next, depending on the type of tea being produced, the leaves may be crushed or chopped to release flavor, and then fermented under controlled conditions of heat and humidity. For green tea, the whole leaves are often steamed to retain their green color, and the fermentation process is skipped. Producing black teas requires fermentation during which the tea leaves begin to darken. After fermentation, black tea is dried in vats to produce its rich brown or black color.

No one knows when or how tea became popular, but legend has it that tea as a beverage was discovered in 2737 B.C. by Emperor Shen Nung of China when leaves from a Camellia dropped into his drinking water as it was boiling over a fire. As the story goes, Emperor Shen Nung drank the resulting liquid and proclaimed the drink to be most nourishing and refreshing. Though this account cannot be documented, it is thought that tea drinking probably originated in China and spread to other parts of Asia, then to Europe, and ultimately to America colonies around 1650.

With about half the caffeine content as coffee, tea is often chosen by those who want to reduce, but not necessarily eliminate their caffeine intake. Some people find that tea is less acidic than coffee and therefore easier on the stomach. Others have become interested in tea drinking since the National Cancer Institute published its findings on the antioxidant properties of tea. But whether tea is enjoyed for its perceived health benefits, its flavor, or as a social drink, teacups continue to be filled daily with the world’s most popular beverage.

Câu hỏi số 1:

Why does the author include statistics on the amount of tea produced, sold, and consumed?

Câu hỏi số 2:

Based on the passage, what is implied about tea harvesting?

Câu hỏi số 3:

What does the word “they” in paragraph 2 of the passage refer to         ?

Câu hỏi số 4:

  Which of the following is NOT true about the tea production process?  

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word documented” in paragraph 4 could be best replaced by which of the following word?

Câu hỏi số 6:

  According to the passage, what is true about the origin of tea drinking?  

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word eliminate” in paragraph 5 could be best replaced by which of the following word?

Câu hỏi số 8:

According to the passage, which may be the reason why someone would choose to drink tea instead of coffee?

Câu hỏi số 9:

Where in the passage does the author mention research conducted on the beneficial effects of tea drinking?

Câu hỏi số 10:

What best describes the topic of this passage?    

Bài 27:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISTS

Paul  Watson  is  an  environmental  activist.  He  is  a  man  who  believes  that  he must  do something, not just talk about doing something. Paul believes in protecting endangered animals, and he protects them in controversial ways. Some people think that Watson is a hero and admire him very much. Other people think that he is a criminal.

On July 16th, 1979, Paul Watson and his crew were on his ship, which is called the Sea Shepherd. Watson and the people who work on the Sea Shepherd were hunting on the Atlantic Ocean near Portugal. However, they had a strange prey; instead of hunting for animals, their prey was a ship, the Sierra. The Sea Shepherd found the Sierra, ran into it and sank it. As a result, the Sierra never returned to the sea. The Sea Shepherd, on the other hand, returned to its home in Canada. Paul Watson and his workers thought that they had been successful.

The Sierra had been a whaling ship, which had operated illegally. The captain and the crew of the Sierra did not obey any of the international laws that restrict whaling. Instead, they killed as many whales as they could, quickly cut off the meat, and froze it. Later, they sold the whale meat in countries where it is eaten.

Paul  Watson  tried  to  persuade the  international whaling commission to  stop  the Sierra. However, the commission did very little, and Paul became impatient. He decided to stop the Sierra and other whaling ships in any way that he could. He offered to pay $25,000 to anyone who sank any illegal whaling ship, and he sank the Sierra. He acted because he believes that the whales must be protected. Still, he acted without the approval of the government; therefore, his actions were controversial.

Paul Watson is not the only environmental activist. Other men and women are also fighting to protect the Earth. Like Watson, they do not always have the approval of their governments, and like Watson, they have become impatient. Yet, because of their concern for the environment, they will act to protect it.

Câu hỏi số 1:

According to the reading, an environmental activist is someone who            .

Câu hỏi số 2:

When something is controversial,_______ .

Câu hỏi số 3:

The members of a ship’s crew are          _.

Câu hỏi số 4:

The main idea of paragraph one is that _         .

Câu hỏi số 5:

The Sea Shepherd once hunted            .

Câu hỏi số 6:

The author implies that Paul Watson lives in            .  

Câu hỏi số 7:

The captain and the crew of the Sierra were acting illegally because           

Câu hỏi số 8:

In paragraph 3 the phrase and froze it”, the word it refers to ______ .

Câu hỏi số 9:

The main idea of paragraph 3 is that ________.

Câu hỏi số 10:

Watson ran into the Sierra because_______ .

Bài 28:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question.

The conservatism of the early English colonists in North America, their strong attachment to the English way of doing things, would play a major part in the furniture that was made in New England. The very tools that the first New England furniture makers used were, after all, not much different  from those used for centuries-  even millennia:  basic hammers,  saws, chisels,  planes, augers, compasses,  and measures.  These  were  the tools used more or less by all people who worked with wood: carpenters, barrel makers, and shipwrights. At most the furniture makers might have had planes with special edges or more dedicate chisels, but there could not have been much specialization in the early years of the colonies.

The furniture makers in those early dedicates of the 1600s were known as “joiners,” for the primary method of constructing furniture, at least among the English of this time, was that of mortise-and-tenon joinery. The mortise is the hole chiseled and cut into one piece of wood, while the tenon is the tongue or  protruding element shaped from another piece of wood so that it fits into the mortise; and another small hole is then drilled (with the auger) through the Mortise end and the tenon so that a whittled peg can secure the joint- thus the term “joiner”. Panels were fitted into slots on the basic frames. This kind of construction was used for making everything from houses to chests.

Relatively little hardware was used during this period. Some nails- forged by hand- were used, but no screws or glue. Hinges were often made of leather, but metal hinges were also used. The cruder varieties were made by blacksmiths in the colonies, but the finer metal elements were imported. Locks and escutcheon plates- the latter to shield the wood from the metal key- would often be imported.

Above all, what the early English colonists imported was the knowledge of, familiarity with, and dedication to the traditional types and designs of furniture they knew in England.

Câu hỏi số 1:

The phrase “attachment to” is closest in meaning to            .

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “protruding” is closest in meaning to            .

Câu hỏi số 3:

The relationship of a mortise and a tenon is most similar to that of            .

Câu hỏi số 4:

For what purpose did woodworkers use an auger?

Câu hỏi số 5:

Which of the following was NOT used in the construction of colonial furniture?

Câu hỏi số 6:

The author implies that colonial metalworkers were             .

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “shield” is closed in meaning to           .

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “they” refers to           .

Câu hỏi số 9:

The author implies that the colonial joiners            .

Câu hỏi số 10:

Which of the following terms does the author explain in the passage?  

Bài 29:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Although they are an inexpensive supplier of vitamins, minerals, and high- quality protein, eggs also contain a high level of blood cholesterol, one of the major causes of heart diseases. One egg yolk, in fact, contains a little more than two- thirds of the suggested daily cholesterol limit. This knowledge has driven egg sales to plummet in recent years, which in turn has brought about the development of several alternatives to  eating  regular eggs.  One  alternative is  to  eat  substitute eggs. These  eggs substitutes are not really eggs, but they look somewhat like eggs when they are cooked. They have the advantage of   having low cholesterol rates, and they can be scrambled or used in banking. One disadvantage, however, is that they are not good for frying, poaching, or boiling. A second alternative to regular eggs is a new type of egg, sometimes called “designer” eggs. These eggs are produced by hens that are fed low- flat diets consisting of ingredients such as canola oil, flax, and rice bran. In spite of their diet, however, these hens produce eggs that contain the same amount of cholesterol as regular eggs. Yet, the producers of these eggs claim that eating their eggs will not raise the blood cholesterol in humans.

Eggs producers claim that their product has been portrayed unfairly. They cite scientific studies to back up their claim. And, in fact, studies on the relationship between eggs and human cholesterol levels have brought mixed results. It may be that is not the type of eggs that is the main determinant of cholesterol but the person who is eating the eggs. Some people may be more sensitive to cholesterol derived from food than other people. In fact, there is evidence that certainly dietary fats stimulate the body’s production of blood cholesterol. Consequently, while it still makes sense to limit one’s intake of eggs, even designer eggs, it seems that doing this without regulating dietary fat will probably not help reduce the blood cholesterol level.

Câu hỏi số 1:

What is the main purpose of the passage?

Câu hỏi số 2:

According to the passage, which of the following is a cause of heart diseases?

Câu hỏi số 3:

What has been the cause for changes in the sale of eggs?

Câu hỏi số 4:

What is meant by the phrase “mixed results” ?

Câu hỏi số 5:

According to the author, which of the following may reduce blood cholesterol?

Câu hỏi số 6:

Which of the following could best replace the word “somewhat”?

Câu hỏi số 7:

According  to  the  passage,  one  yolk  contains  approximately what  fraction  of  the suggested daily limit for human consumption of cholesterol?

Câu hỏi số 8:

The word “portrayed” could best be replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi số 9:

What is the meaning of “back up”?    

Câu hỏi số 10:

According to the passage, egg substitutes cannot be used to make any of the following types of eggs EXCEPT.................... .

Bài 30:

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

During the nineteenth century, women in the United States organized and participated in a large number of reform movements, including movements to reorganize the prison system, improve education, ban the sale of alcohol, grant rights to people who were denied them, and, most importantly, free slaves. Some women saw similarities in the social status of women and slaves. Woman like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone were feminists and abolitionists who supported the rights of both women and blacks. A number of male abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, also supported the rights of women to speak and to participate equally with men in antislavery activities. Probably more than any other movement, abolitionism offered women a previously denied entry into politics. They became involved primarily in order to better their living conditions and improve the conditions of others.

When the civil war ended in 1865, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1868 and 1870 granted citizenship and suffrage to blacks but not to women. Discouraged but resolved, feminists worked tirelessly to influence more and more women to demand the right to vote. In 1869, the Wyoming Territory had yielded to demands by feminists, but the states on the East Coast resisted more stubbornly than before. A women’s suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878, but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote.

 

 

Câu hỏi số 1:

With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?

Câu hỏi số 2:

The word “ban” in line 3 most nearly means to ................... .

Câu hỏi số 3:

The word “supported” in line 5 could best be replaced by.................... .

Câu hỏi số 4:

According to the passage, why did women become active in politics?

Câu hỏi số 5:

The word “primarily” in line 9 is closest in meaning to ............. .

Câu hỏi số 6:

What had occurred shortly after the Civil War?

Câu hỏi số 7:

The word “suffrage” in line 12 could best be replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi số 8:

What does the Nineteenth Amendment guarantee?

Câu hỏi số 9:

The word “it” in line 16 refers to.................... .

Câu hỏi số 10:

When were women allowed to vote throughout the United States?

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